characteristic of procedural programming

characteristic of procedural programming

characteristic of procedural programming

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characteristic of procedural programming
characteristic of procedural programming

characteristic of procedural programming

The characteristics of procedural programming are:
  • Procedural programming follows a top-down approach.
  • The program is divided into blocks of codes called functions, where each function performs a specific task.
  • Procedural programs model real-world processes as ‘procedures’ operating on ‘data’.

Programming paradigms – what is procedural programming?

DiProgramming paradigms are different styles, different “ways” of programming.

There are a lot of different paradigms.

including some popular ones like procedural programming, object-oriented programming, functional programming, etc.

And some which are not as popular, such as imperative programming, declarative programming, event-driven programming, etc.

If you are curious, there is a very good summary of programming paradigms here.

Tl; dr;

Procedural programming is one of the most popular programming paradigms out there.

By following procedural programming.

we split the code into smaller units called functions or procedures .

so that it is easier to reuse .
and the flow of execution is from top to bottom.

This style is easy to understand and implement.

As a result, it is often taught in introduction to programming courses.

What is Procedural Programming?

Procedural programming is a method of the programming which has a support of splitting the functionalities into a number of procedures.

In procedural programming, a large program is broken down into smaller manageable parts called procedures or functions.

Here, priority is given on functions rather than data.

In a procedural programming language.

a program basically consists of a sequence of instructions each of which tells the computer to do something such as reading inputs from the user.

doing the necessary calculation, displaying output.

When a program becomes larger

So each function may access its local data as well as global data.

Characteristics of procedural programming

A large program is broken down into small manageable procedures or functions.

This reduces code duplication, which improves readability and maintainability of the code.

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Different functions can share data via global variables.

Functions are completely isolated, therefore if we want to share data, we need to declare it in the upper scope.

characteristic of procedural programming
characteristic of procedural programming

Functions can change global data.

Since global data are transferred from function to function; during the course of the transformation.

the global data may be altered in function chains.

Top-down methodology

As mentioned before, procedural programming follows the top-down methodology, workflow is going from top to bottom.

Advantages of procedural programming

  • The coding is easy and simple.
  • The programming paradigm consumes less memory on the computer.
  • It is easier for tracking the flow of the codes in the program written in the procedural programming paradigm.
  • The programming paradigm is regarded best for general programming to learn and implement.

Limitations or disadvantages of procedural programming

  • Focus on functions rather than data.
  • In large program, it is difficult to identify the belonging of global data.
  • The use of global data is error-prone and it could be an obstacle in case of maintenance and enhancements.
  • The modification of global data requires the modification of those functions using it.
  • Maintaining and enhancing program code is still difficult because of global data.
  • The procedural programming paradigm does not model the real-world problem very well since functions are action-oriented and do not really correspond to the elements of the problem.


Procedural programming certainly offers a lot of upside, one of them are easy to learn and implement.

New programmers can start their journey by learning how to write code in procedural style.

That will help them understand how certain programming language works.

However, due to its limitation, real world applications are not using procedural programming.

When you are brand new to programming, programming paradigms are not of much importance.

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But as you go up the stairs and start creating complex programs and software.

Before we begin, it is important to know what exactly a paradigm is.

According to many cited definitions, a paradigm is a set of assumptions, concepts, values.

and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them.

especially in an intellectual discipline’.

This definition is spot on, as what differentiates the paradigm is the different way of viewing reality for the community.

Paradigms matter as they often travel along with a specific culture of writing programs and thinking about them.

In this article, we will discuss the major programming paradigms, with a special focus on the Procedural Programming paradigm.

What is Procedural Programming? [Definition]

Procedural Programming may be the first programming paradigm that a new developer will learn. Fundamentally.

the procedural code is the one that directly instructs a device on how to finish a task in logical steps.

This paradigm uses a linear top-down approach and treats data and procedures as two different entities. Based on the concept of a procedure call.

characteristic of procedural programming
characteristic of procedural programming

What is the core characteristic of procedural programming languages?

Procedural language uses a list of instructions to tell the computer what to do.
step-by-step. Procedural programming relies on procedures.
also know as routines or subroutines.

Simply put, Procedural Programming involves writing down a list of instructions to tell the computer what it should do step-by-step to finish the task at hand.

Key Features of Procedural Programming

Predefined functions:

One example of a pre-defined function is ‘charAt()’, which searches for a character position in a string.

Local Variable:

Global Variable:


Every group of systems then would have its own tasks finished one after the other until all tasks are complete.

Which of the following is a main characteristic of procedural programming language?

Characteristics of procedure-oriented programming language:

It emphasis on algorithm (doing this ).

Function can communicate by global variable.

Data move freely from one function to another function.

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What is oops and its characteristics?

1) Objects are basic building blocks for designing programs.

2) An object is a collection of data members and associated member functions.

3) An object may represent a person, place or a table of data. 4) .

Each object must be a member of a particular class.

What is OOPs and its types?

Object-Oriented Programming System (OOPs).

is a programming concept that works on the principles of abstraction, encapsulation, inheritance.

and polymorphism. … The basic concept of OOPs is to create objects.

re-use them throughout the program, and manipulate these objects to get results.

What are the main features of OOP?

Object-oriented programming has four basic concepts: encapsulation, abstraction, inheritance and polymorphism.

What are the characteristics of object-oriented programming?

Object-oriented methodology relies on three characteristics that define object.

-oriented languages: encapsulation, polymorphism, and inheritance.

What are the 4 main function of an OOP?

Object-oriented programming has four basic concepts: encapsulation, abstraction, inheritance and polymorphism.

How many basic features are there in oops?

four basic concepts

What is the major characteristics of procedural programming?

Characteristics of Procedural oriented programming:-

Most of the functions share global data.

Data moves openly around the system from function to function.

characteristic of procedural programming
characteristic of procedural programming

Procedural programming

 Procedural programming is a programming paradigm.

derived from imperative programming,[1]

based on the concept of the procedure call. Procedures.

(a type of routine or subroutine) simply contain a series of computational steps to be carried out.

Procedures and modularity

Modularity is generally desirable, especially in large, complicated programs.

Inputs are usually specified syntactically in the form of arguments and the outputs delivered as return values.

resource: wikipedia

What are the functions of Oops?

Object-oriented programming aims to implement real-world entities like inheritance.

hiding, polymorphism etc in programming.

The main aim of OOP is to bind together the data and the functions that operate on them.

– Classes.
– Objects.
– Data Abstraction.
– Encapsulation.
– Inheritance.
– Polymorphism.

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