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Benjamin Franklin, The oldest singer of decoration of independence
How old was the oldest signer of the Constitution?
Jonathan Dayton, age 26, was the youngest to sign the Constitution, while Benjamin Franklin, age 81, was the oldest.
Who was the second oldest signer of the Declaration of Independence?
Stephen Hopkins (1707-1785)—Stephen Hopkins was the second oldest signer of the Declaration of Independence (next to Benjamin Franklin).
What happened to the 56 signers of the Declaration of Independence?
Nine of the 56 Declaration signers fought and died in the American Revolution. Four other of the 56 Declaration signers lost their sons in the Continental Army or had sons who were captured.
Who are our 4 Founding Fathers?
Among them are George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison, all of whom became early presidents of the United States. Yet there is no fixed list of Founding Fathers. Most of the Founders were never presidents but asserted their leadership in other ways.
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About founding fathers
The individuals known as the Founding Fathers occupy an unparalleled place in American history.
They were the leaders of the Revolution that brought independence to Great Britain’s American colonies in the late 18th century. They were also responsible for shaping those colonies into a new nation by drafting the United States Constitution, a landmark document that remains the law of the land today.
Some names are often repeated in discussions of this select group
Some names are often repeated in discussions of this select group. Among them are George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison, all of whom became early presidents of the United States.
Yet there is no fixed list of Founding Fathers.
Most of the Founders were never presidents but asserted their leadership in other ways.
Alexander Hamilton designed the financial system that the United States was built upon. Benjamin Franklin served as an early U.S. diplomat in France. John Marshall became a pioneering chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Patrick Henry, famous for his call “Give me liberty, or give me death!” was elected governor of the state of Virginia. Samuel Adams was an activist who helped plan the Boston Tea Party; he later became governor of Massachusetts.
How did the American Colonies produce such a distinguished group of leaders and thinkers?
How did the American Colonies produce such a distinguished group of leaders and thinkers? One answer points to an important difference between Britain and its American colonies.
In British society
In British society, power and influence were typically based on inheritance. But in the Colonies, talent was more valuable than bloodlines. The result was what Jefferson called “a natural aristocracy” based on merit.
In the Colonies, however, they were able to rise to the heights of power.
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The Founding Fathers have traditionally been granted great respect
The Founding Fathers have traditionally been granted great respect, and their achievements were indeed immense. They created the first modern country based on liberal principles, as laid out in the Declaration of Independence. The country they built was also the first large-scale republic in the modern world.
in recent years scholars have put forth a more balanced view of the founders
Yet in recent years scholars have put forth a more balanced view of the founders, acknowledging their failures as well as their successes. Their failure to end slavery meant that the Revolutionary ideals of freedom and equality did not ring true for all Americans. Their inability to protect the rights of American Indians during the westward push of the young country was a similar violation of the Revolutionary spirit.
Even the term “Founding Fathers” has become controversial
Even the term “Founding Fathers” has become controversial, as it disregards the important contributions of women of the Revolutionary era.
The durability of the document
The durability of the document is due in large part to the lively debates among the Founding Fathers during its creation. Their frequent disagreements could be resolved only through compromise, a process that made the document stronger.
The diversity of opinions
The diversity of opinions among the Founding Fathers also led to the creation of the first political parties. This culture of debate and political opposition is another legacy of the Founders that remains fundamental to American politics today.
Who was the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence?
When John Adams and Thomas Jefferson died in 1826, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Maryland’s “First Citizen,” became America’s last surviving Signer of the Declaration of Independence.
How many of the signers of the Declaration of Independence were Catholic?
The denominations breakdown runs as follows: 32 of the signers, well over half, were Episcopalians, or Anglicans, the old state Church of England. There were 13 Congregationalists, 12 were Presbyterians. There were two Quakers, two Unitarians, and one Roman Catholic.
Were any Founding Fathers Catholic?
For some time the question of the religious faith of the Founding Fathers has generated a culture war in the United States. Three Founders—Charles Carroll and Daniel Carroll of Maryland and Thomas Fitzsimmons of Pennsylvania—were of Roman Catholic heritage.
Is God mentioned in Constitution?
In the United States, the federal constitution does not make a reference to God as such, although it uses the formula “the year of our Lord” in Article VII.
What was Jefferson’s third argument?
Jefferson’s third argument for religious liberties discounts the use of coercion and violence to force people to believe (as we saw, he holds that this can only lead to hypocrisy and resentment, betraying God’s intentions).
How many times is slavery mentioned in the US Constitution?
The Constitution refers to slaves using three different formulations: “other persons” (Article I, Section 2, Clause 3), “such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit” (Article I, Section 9, Clause 1), and a “person held to service or labor in one state, under the laws thereof” (Article IV)
Did Thomas Jefferson Support the constitution?
While abroad, Jefferson corresponded with members of the Constitutional Convention, particularly his close associate from Virginia, James Madison. He agreed to support the Constitution and the strong federal government it created.
What is the Declaration of Independence in simple terms?
The Declaration of Independence was the first formal statement by a nation’s people asserting their right to choose their own government. … The Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence—written largely by Jefferson—in Philadelphia on July 4, a date now celebrated as the birth of American independence.
What is the Declaration of Independence and what does it say?
The Declaration of Independence states three basic ideas: (1) God made all men equal and gave them the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; (2) the main business of government is to protect these rights; (3) if a government tries to withhold these rights, the people are free to revolt and to set up a new government.
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?
The introductory sentence states the Declaration’s main purpose, to explain the colonists’ right to revolution. In other words, “to declare the causes which impel them to the separation.” Congress had to prove the legitimacy of its cause. It had just defied the most powerful nation on Earth.
There are 56 signatures on the Declaration of Independence. Fifty men from 13 states signed the document on August 2 in 1776. The other six signed over the course of the next year and a half. As the President of the Second Continental Congress, John Hancock signed first. He wrote his name very large. Some of the men abbreviated their first names, like Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin. All of the signers risked their lives when they signed the Declaration of Independence.
Formal declaration of independence
The final paragraph, beginning with “We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America,” affirms that the 13 colonies are free and independent states. It breaks all ties with the British government and people. As independent states, they can make trade agreements and treaties, wage war, and do whatever is necessary to govern themselves. This formal declaration of independence ends with important words. The words tell us what the signers of the Declaration of Independence were willing to give up for freedom: “…we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.”
The longest part of the Declaration begins with “He has refused his Assent to Laws” and goes on to list the unfair actions of the British king and Parliament. In their complaints, the colonists make it clear that they are angry with the British king and government for taking away their rights as English citizens. They point out that the king has ignored or changed their colonial governments, as well as their rights to a trial by jury. The colonists accuse the king of sending a hired army to force them to obey unjust laws. They say the king is “unfit to be the ruler of a free people.”