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franklin roosevelt wife
Eleanor Roosevelt, in full Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, (born October 11, 1884, New York, New York, U.S.—died November 7, 1962, New York City, New York), American first lady (1933–45), the wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd president of the United States, and a United Nations diplomat and humanitarian. She was, in her time, one of the world’s most widely admired and powerful women.
Eleanor was the daughter of Elliott Roosevelt
Eleanor was the daughter of Elliott Roosevelt and Anna Hall Roosevelt and the niece of Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States.
She grew up in a wealthy family that attached great value to community service.
Both her parents died before she was 10, and she and her surviving brother (another brother died when she was 9) were raised by relatives.
The death of Eleanor’s father, to whom she had been especially close, was very difficult for her.
At age 15 Eleanor enrolled at Allenswood
At age 15 Eleanor enrolled at Allenswood, a girls’ boarding school outside London, where she came under the influence of the French headmistress, Marie Souvestre. Souvestre’s intellectual curiosity.
and her taste for travel and excellence—in everything but sports—awakened similar interests in Eleanor.
who later described her three years there as the happiest time of her life. Reluctantly.
she returned to New York in the summer of 1902 to prepare for her .
“coming out” into society that winter.
Following family tradition, she devoted time to community service, including teaching in a settlement house on Manhattan’s Lower East Side.
Soon after Eleanor returned to New York
Soon after Eleanor returned to New York, Franklin Roosevelt, her distant cousin, began to court her, and they were married on March 17, 1905, in New York City.
His taste for fun contrasted with her own seriousness, and she often commented on how he had to find companions in pleasure elsewhere.
Between 1906 and 1916 Eleanor gave birth to six children, one of whom died in infancy.
After Franklin won a seat in the New York Senate in 1911, the family moved to Albany, where Eleanor was initiated into the job of political wife.
When Franklin was appointed assistant secretary of the navy in 1913, the family moved to Washington, D.C
and Eleanor spent the next few years performing the social duties expected of an “official wife,”
including attending formal parties and making social calls in the homes of other government officials.
For the most part she found these occasions tedious.
With the entry of the United States into World War I
With the entry of the United States into World War I in April 1917, Eleanor was able to resume her volunteer work.
She visited wounded soldiers and worked for the Navy–Marine Corps Relief Society and in a Red Cross canteen.
This work increased her sense of self-worth, and she wrote later, “I loved it…I simply ate it up.”
In 1918 Eleanor discovered that Franklin had been having an affair with her social secretary, Lucy Mercer.
It was one of the most traumatic events in her life, as she later told Joseph Lash, her friend and biographer.
Mindful of his political career and fearing the loss of his mother’s financial support, Franklin refused Eleanor’s offer of a divorce and agreed to stop seeing Mercer.
The Roosevelts’ marriage settled into a routine in which both principals kept independent agendas while remaining respectful of and affectionate toward each other.
But their relationship had ceased to be an intimate one.
Later, Mercer and other glamorous, witty women continued to attract his attention and claim his time, and in 1945 Mercer.
by then the widow of Winthrop Rutherfurd, was with Franklin when he died at Warm Springs, Georgia.
Franklin ran unsuccessfully for vice president on the Democratic ticket
Franklin ran unsuccessfully for vice president on the Democratic ticket in 1920.
At this time Eleanor’s interest in politics increased, partly as a result of her decision to help in her husband’s political career after he was stricken with polio in 1921 and partly as a result of her desire to work for important causes.
She joined the Women’s Trade Union League and became active in the New York state Democratic Party.
As a member of the Legislative Affairs Committee of the League of Women Voters, she began studying the Congressional Record and learned to evaluate voting records and debates.
When Franklin became governor of New York in 1929
When Franklin became governor of New York in 1929, Eleanor found an opportunity to combine the responsibilities of a political hostess with her own burgeoning career and personal independence.
She continued to teach at Todhunter, a girls’ school in Manhattan that she and two friends had purchased, making several trips a week back and forth between Albany and New York City.
During her 12 years as first lady
During her 12 years as first lady, the unprecedented breadth of Eleanor’s activities and her advocacy of liberal causes made her nearly as controversial a figure as her husband.
She instituted regular White House press conferences for women correspondents, and wire services that had not formerly employed women were forced to do so in order to have a representative present in case important news broke.
In deference to the president’s infirmity, she helped serve as his eyes and ears throughout the nation, embarking on extensive tours and reporting to him on conditions, programs, and public opinion.
These unusual excursions were the butt of some criticism and “Eleanor jokes” by her opponents, but many people responded warmly to her compassionate interest in their welfare.
Beginning in 1936 she wrote a daily syndicated newspaper column, “My Day.”
A widely sought-after speaker at political meetings and at various institutions.
she showed particular interest in child welfare, housing reform, and equal rights for women and racial minorities.
franklin d roosevelt 2 wives
Roosevelt and his two wives (The man with two wives)
About this Item
- Roosevelt and his two wives (The man with two wives)
- Print shows Franklin D. Roosevelt with an old woman who is pulling on his hair, and a young woman who stands to the side watching. Includes text from Aesop’s fable, “The man with two wives.”
- Contributor Names
- Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985, artist
- Created / Published
- Subject Headings
- – Roosevelt, Franklin D.–(Franklin Delano),–1882-1945
- – Baldness–1930-1940
- – Fables–1930-1940
- – Polygamy–1930-1940
- Letterpress works–1930-1940.
- – Title from item.
- – Folio from a portfolio of lithographs copyrighted in 1936, in which this partial copy is 23 of 25.
- – From the portfolio Aesop Said So, a work of 20 lithographs with accompanying text, drawn and written by Hugo Gellert in 1936. The portfolio was also published in book form by Covici Friede, New York, 1936.
- – Signed in pencil “Hugo Gellert” lower right.
- – (DLC/PP-1997:015.448).
- – Forms part of: Ben and Beatrice Goldstein Foundation collection.
- 1 print : lithograph and letterpress ; 50.8 x 40.5 cm. (sheet)
- Call Number/Physical Location
- Goldstein, no. 534 (B size) [P&P]
- Source Collection
- Ben and Beatrice Goldstein Foundation collection