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hong kong capital city

hong kong capital city

hong kong capital city

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (/ˈhɒŋkɒŋ/; Chinese: 香港, Cantonese: [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ] (audio speaker iconlisten)), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (HKSAR),[d] is a city and special administrative region of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta in South China. With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities[e] in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. Hong Kong is also one of the most developed cities in the world.

Hong Kong was established as a colony of the British Empire after the Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island from Xin’an County at the end of the First Opium War in 1841 then again in 1842.[17] The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898.[18][19]

from 1941 to 1945

British Hong Kong was occupied by Imperial Japan from 1941 to 1945 during World War II; British administration resumed after the surrender of Japan.[20] The whole territory was transferred to China in 1997.[21] As one of China’s two special administrative regions (the other being Macau), Hong Kong maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of “one country, two systems”.[22][f]

hong kong capital city
hong kong capital city

Originally a sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages,[17] the territory has become one of the world’s most significant financial centres and commercial ports.[23] It is the world’s tenth-largest exporter and ninth-largest importer.[24][25] Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and its currency, the Hong Kong dollar, is the eighth most traded currency in the world.[26]

Asia

Hong Kong is home to the third-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world,[27] the second-highest number of billionaires of any city in Asia, and the largest concentration of ultra high-net-worth individuals of any city in the world.[28][29] Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, severe income inequality exists among the population.[30]

Hong Kong is a highly developed territory and ranks fourth on the UN Human Development Index.[31] The city has the largest number of skyscrapers of any city in the world,[32] and its residents have some of the highest life expectancies in the world.[31] The dense space has led to a highly developed transportation network with public transport rates exceeding 90%.[33] Hong Kong is ranked 4th in the Global Financial Centres Index.[34]

What is the Capital of Hong Kong?

The capital of Hong Kong is City of Victoria, which was founded 1842. City of Victoria has been the capital since 1997.

Although City of Victoria is not the largest city in Hong Kong, it functions as: Houses the government buildings.

The area of Hong Kong (Pinyin: Xianggang; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) has expanded over the years, and it has continued to grow as more land has been reclaimed from the surrounding sea. Hong Kong Island and its adjacent islets have an area of only about 31 square miles (81 square km), while urban Kowloon, which includes the Kowloon Peninsula south of Boundary Street, and Stonecutters Island measure about 18 square miles (47 square km).

The New Territories account for the rest of the area—more than 90 percent of the total. The Victoria urban district located on the barren rocks of the northwestern coast of Hong Kong Island is the place where the British first landed in 1841, and it has since been the centre of administrative and economic activities.

fragrant harbour

Hong Kong developed initially on the basis of its excellent natural harbour (its Chinese name means “fragrant harbour”) and the lucrative China trade, particularly opium dealing. It was the expansion of its territory, however, that provided labour and other resources necessary for sustained commercial growth that led to its becoming one of the world’s major trade and financial centres.

The community remains limited in space and natural resources, and it faces persistent problems of overcrowding, trade fluctuations, and social and political unrest. Nevertheless, Hong Kong has emerged strong and prosperous, albeit with a changed role, as an entrepôt, a manufacturing and financial centre, and a vital agent in the trade and modernization of China.

Hong Kong is located on the Pearl River Delta south of the Chinese province of Guangdong and the Chinese city of Shenzhen, surrounded by the South China Sea.

more than 200 smaller islands

Hong Kong’s major areas are the Kowloon Peninsula, which connected with the mainland, the outlying mountainous Lantau Island, the smaller Lamma island, densely populated Hong Kong Island, plus more than 200 smaller islands. The territory is a major port city with an outstanding deepwater harbor.

hong kong capital city
hong kong capital city

Hong Kong covers an area of 1,106 km² (427 sq mi), compared it is 1.5 times the size of Singapore or six times the size of Washington, DC. It has a population of more than 7.5 million people (in 2020). Official languages are Chinese (Cantonese) and English. The city is regarded as a cosmopolitan center where ‘East meets West’ (like Chinese food and Disney Land), it has become one of the world’s major financial and manufacturing centers.

Civil unrest

In 2014 and again in 2019, civil unrest erupted in the streets of the city. The 2019 protests have started as peaceful demonstrations against a planned extradition bill that would have subjected Hong Kong even closer to the influence of mainland China. The demonstrations for democratic reforms with up to a million people have failed to pressurize the government, and the protests became more aggressive and the government’s reactions more violent. — Since months now, the world fed with spectacular images of apocalyptic scenes in a seemingly paralyzed high-tech city.

Is Hong Kong Separate From China?

Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China and is an “inalienable part” of the country. Due to its special status, Hong Kong is able to exercise a high degree of autonomy and enjoy executive, legislative, and independent judicial power.

 

Is Hong Kong a Part of China or Japan?

Hong Kong is a part of China.

 

When Did Hong Kong Separate From China?

Hong Kong ceded by China after its loss to Great Britain during the Opium Wars, which lasted from 1839 to 1860. In 1997, Britain returned Hong Kong to China as a Special Administrative Region.

 

Is Hong Kong a Nationality?

No, people in Hong Kong considered Chinese. Many of them speak Cantonese, a language originating from the city of Guangzhou (AKA Canton) and the surrounding area in the Guangdong Province.

Why Did Britain Give Back Hong Kong?

Britain gave Hong Kong back to China as a Special Administrative Region in 1997 after its 99-year lease on China ended. This lease started in 1898 when Britain negotiated a major land expansion of the Hong Kong colony.

What is the Capital of Hong Kong?

Victoria

Transportation and logistics hub

  • With a sound transport system and world-class infrastructure, Hong Kong is an international. And regional transportation and logistics hub and committed to developing into a cruise hub in the region.
  • In the area of air transport services, Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) is one of the world’s busiest airports. In terms of international passenger and cargo throughput. It has frequently ranked one of the world’s best airports. Hong Kong is within a four-hour flight from Asia’s key markets and a five-hour flight from half the world’s population. In the area of maritime services, Hong Kong is one of the busiest container ports. In the world in terms of container throughput. Benefiting from Victoria Harbour’s deep waters, no air draft limit and well-equipped cruise berthing facilities. The Kai Tai Cruise Terminal serves the world’s largest cruise liners.

And :

  • Being well-versed in operation and regulations of international trade and possessing talents and international network. Hong Kong thriving in high value-added professional maritime services. On aviation, HKIA is a mature international and regional aviation hub. With a well-established network of international air routes. Leveraging the advantage of an international maritime centre. Hong Kong will drive other Greater Bay Area cities to build a world-class harbour. And airport cluster as well as a cluster for high-end maritime service industries in the Asia-Pacific region. For the Belt and Road Initiative.
hong kong capital city
hong kong capital city

Hong Kong’s Distinct Identity

The impasse between vigorous pro-democracy protesters and unmoving pro-Beijing partisans has created the current tension between Hong Kong and Beijing.

This divide stems from the fact that, culturally, Hong Kong is its own thing, proudly distinct from mainland China. While most Hong Kongers consider themselves Chinese, they do not consider themselves a part of China. They even have their own Olympic team, anthem, and flag.

Languages

Hong Kong has two official languages: Standard Chinese (as spoken in mainland China) and English (due to the colonial heritage). However, the dialect of Chinese commonly spoken on the mainland is based on Mandarin. Whereas the majority of Chinese speakers in Hong Kong actually use the Cantonese dialect. As such, Cantonese considered the de facto language of Hong Kong.

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