## how do you find percentile rank in excel

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## Summary

The Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set. You can use PERCENTRANK to find the relative standing of a value within a data set. Percentile rank is commonly used as a way to interpret standing in standardized tests.

### Purpose

**array**– Array of data values.**x**– Value to rank.**significance**– [optional] Number of significant digits in result. Defaults to 3.

The Excel PERCENTRANK shows the relative standing of a value within a data set as a percentage.

For example, a test score greater than 80% of all test scores is said to be at the 80th percentile. In this case PERCENTRANK will assign a rank of .80 to the score.

In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:

where “data” is the named range C5:C12.

*Note: Microsoft classifies PERCENTRANK as a “compatibility function”, now replaced by the PERCENTRANK.INC function.*

### Inclusive vs. Exclusive

Starting with Excel 2010, the PERCENTRANK function has been replaced by two functions: PERECENTRANK.INC and PERECENTRANK.INC. The INC version represents “inclusive” behavior, and the EXC version represents “exclusive” behavior. Both formulas use the same arguments.

- Use the PERCENTRANK.EXC function to determine the percentage rank
*exclusive*of the first and last values in the array. - Use the PERCENTRANK.INC or PERCENTRANK to find the percentage rank
*inclusive*of the first and last values in the array.

### Notes

- If x does not exist in the array, PERCENTRANK interpolates to find the percentage rank.
- When significance is omitted PERCENTRANK returns three significant digits (0.xxx).

### Excel SMALL Function

The Excel SMALL function returns numeric values based on their position in a list ranked by value. In other words, it can retrive “nth smallest” values – 1st smallest value, 2nd smallest value, 3rd smallest value, etc.

### Excel LARGE Function

The Excel LARGE function returns numeric values based on their position in a list when sorted by value. In other words, it can retrieve “nth largest” values – 1st largest value, 2nd largest value, 3rd largest value, etc.

### Excel RANK Function

The Excel RANK function returns the rank of a numeric value when compared to a list of other numeric values. RANK can rank values from largest to smallest (i.e. top sales) as well as smallest to largest (i.e. fastest time).

### Excel QUARTILE Function

The Excel QUARTILE function returns the quartile (each of four equal groups) for a given set of data. QUARTILE can return minimum value, first quartile, second quartile, third quartile, and max value.

The Excel PERCENTILE function calculates the “kth percentile” for a set of data. A percentile is a value below which a given percentage of values in a data set fall. You can use PERCENTILE to determine the 90th percentile, the 80th percentile,…