how many hectares is a football field?
Football is a family of team sports involving kicking a ball to score a goal. Unqualified, the word football refers to the form of football that is most popular
where the word is used. Among the sports commonly referred to as football are association football (also known as soccer in North America, Ireland and
Australia), gridiron football (specifically American football or Canadian football), Australian rules football, rugby union and rugby league, and Gaelic football.
There are several forms of football that are characterized by common origins and are called “football codes”.But what do we know about the football field?
how many hectares is a football field?Join Solsarin and learn more about football and the football field.
Etymology of football
There are several explanations for the origin of the word “football”. According to widely accepted perceptions, the word “football” (or the phrase “foot ball”)
refers to the act of kicking a ball with one’s foot. There is also a different explanation, which is that football originally referred to a variety of games that were
played on foot in medieval Europe. There is, however, no conclusive evidence that either explanation is true.
There are four sides to the pitch. The longer sides are known as the touchlines and the shorter sides are known as the goal lines. It is mandatory that the two
goal lines should be between 45 and 90 m (49 to 98 yd) wide and they should be of the same length.The touchlines should be between 90 and 120 m (98 and 131 yd)
long and they must also be of the same length. I think it is important to point out that the lines on the ground are equally wide, not to exceed 12 cm (5 in). Corner flags mark the corners of the pitch.
International matches have more limited field dimensions; goal lines are 64 to 75 meters wide, while touchlines are 100 to 110 meters long (110 to 120 yards).
Almost all professional football pitches, including those belonging to teams in the English Premier League, measure 112 to 115 yards (102.4 to 105.2 meters)
long and 70 to 75 yards (64.0 to 68.6 meters) wide.
Although the term goal line is often taken to mean only that part of the line between the goalposts, it actually refers to the entire line at either end of the pitch,
from one corner flag to another. By contrast, the goalline outside of the goalposts is often referred to as the byline (or by-line). It is commonly used in football commentary and match descriptions, as in this example from a BBC match report: “Udeze gets to the left byline and his looping cross is cleared…”
There are two upright posts placed equidistant from the corner flagposts, joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar, at the center of each goal-line. As a result,
players have an area of 17.86 square meters to shoot at, with the inner edges of the posts being 7.32 meters (24 ft) (wide) apart and the crossbar being
2.44 meters (8 ft) above the pitch. Usually, nets are placed behind the goal, but the Laws do not require them.
It is mandatory to have white goalposts and crossbars made of wood, metal, or other approved materials. Goalposts and crossbars must conform to a shape
that does not pose a threat to players, but rules regarding their shape are somewhat more relaxed. Despite the fact that goalposts have been used since football’s origins, the crossbar wasn’t invented until 1875. Prior to that, a string was used between the goalposts!
Even if a defender last touches the ball before it crosses the goal line (see own goal), a goal is scored when the ball crosses the goal line between the goalposts and beneath the crossbar. As a result, if a player who scored or a member of their team commits an offence under any of the laws between the time the ball had been taken out of play and when the goal was scored, it may be ruled illegal (and voided by the referee). A goal is also deemed void if a player on the opposing team commits an offence before the ball crosses the line, such as when fouls are committed, penalties are awarded, but the ball crosses the line anyway.
Junior match goals are approximately half the size of adult match goals!
History of football goals and nets
A football goal was first described in England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. John Norden and Richard Carew mentioned it in Cornish hurling in 1584
and 1602. According to Carew, goals were made by pitching two bushes, some eight or ten feet apart, and ten or twelve [twelve] scores off directly against them,
and other scores in similar distances, called Goales. A goal is the first reference to it in John Day’s play The Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green (performed circa 1600; published 1659). Similarly, Michael Drayton wrote in 1613 that when the ball is thrown, and it is driven to the gole, squadrons go forth. A solid crossbar was introduced by the Sheffield Rules for the first time in 1613. In 1891, Liverpool engineer John Brodie invented football nets, which helped clarify whether or not
a goal had been scored.
Penalty and goal areas
In front of each goal, there are two rectangular boxes. Goal areas (colloquially called “six-yard boxes”) are formed by a rectangle formed by the goal-line,
two lines extending 5.5 metres (6 yd) into the pitch from the goalposts and starting from the goal-line, and the line connecting them, creating a rectangle
6 yards by 20 yards. From anywhere in this area, the defending team can take goal kicks and free kicks. Indirect free kicks awarded to the attacking team
within the goal area are taken from the point on the line parallel to the goal line nearest where the infringement occurred (the “six-yard line”); they cannot be
taken any closer to the goal line. It is also used to take drop-balls which would otherwise be taken closer to the goal line.
The penalty area (colloquially “the 18-yard box” or just “the box”) is formed by the goal-line and lines extending from it, but its lines begin at 16.5 metres
(18 yards) from the goalposts and extend 16.5 meters (18 yards) into the field. 44 yards by 18 yards is a rectangle. As well as denoting where the goalkeeper may handle the ball, this area also denotes where a foul by a defender is punishable with a penalty kick, which is usually punished by a free kick. From 1902 onwards,
both the penalty and goal areas were semicircled.
In football, the penalty mark (colloquially “the penalty spot” or just “the spot”) is 11 meters (12 yards) from the center of the goal, where penalty kicks are taken.
The penalty arc (colloquially “the D”) is marked from the outside edge of the penalty area, 9.15 metres (10 yd) from the penalty mark; together with the
penalty area, it marks an exclusion zone for all players except the penalty kicker and defending goalkeeper during a penalty kick.
The normal surface of play is grass, although artificial turf may sometimes be used in locations where grass maintenance may be difficult due to bad weather conditions. Among them are areas where the grass is very wet, which causes it to deteriorate rapidly; areas where the grass is very dry, which causes it to die;
and areas where the turf is heavily used. In the Nordic countries, artificial turf pitches are also more common, as there is so much snow during the winter.
Due to the cold climate and subsequent snow clearing, many top-tier clubs in Norway, Sweden and Finland have installed artificial turf in their stadiums to
alleviate the strain. As opposed to the previous system of sand infill, rubber crumbs are used in the latest artificial surfaces.
For professional matches, soccer is generally played on a standard field based on international standards and rules. For professional matches, a football field
with standard dimensions or size will measure between 100 and 120 meters, with a width of 65 to 75 meters. There are several standard boundaries on a football field, including the defensive zone, the attacking zone and the middle third zone. This article explains the exact specifications of the shape and dimensions of the
field according to the FIFA guidelines for all sensitive areas.
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