Samuel is a figure who, in the narratives of the Hebrew Bible, plays a key role in the transition from the period of the biblical judges to the institution of a kingdom under Saul, and again in the transition from Saul to David. He is venerated as a prophet by Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
In addition to his role in the Hebrew Scriptures, Samuel is mentioned in the New Testament, in rabbinical literature, and in the second chapter of the Qur’an (although here not by name). He is also treated in the fifth through seventh books of Josephus’s Antiquities of the Jews, written in the first century CE (AD). He is first called the Seer in 1 Samuel 9:9.
Similarly, who was Samuel in the Old Testament? Samuel, Hebrew Shmuʾel, (flourished 11th century bc, Israel), religious hero in the history of Israel, represented in the Old Testament in every role of leadership open to a Jewish man of his day—seer, priest, judge, prophet, and military leader.
Samuel’s mother was Hannah and his father was Elkanah. Elkanah lived at Ramathaim in the district of Zuph. His genealogy is also found in a pedigree of the Kohathites (1 Chronicles 6:3–15) and in that of Heman the Ezrahite, apparently his grandson (1 Chronicles 6:18–33).
According to the genealogical tables in Chronicles, Elkanah was a Levite – a fact not mentioned in the books of Samuel. The fact that Elkanah, a Levite, was denominated an Ephraimite is analogous to the designation of a Levite belonging to Judah (Judges 17:7, for example).
According to 1 Samuel 1:1–28, Elkanah had two wives, Peninnah and Hannah. Peninnah had children; Hannah did not. Nonetheless, Elkanah favored Hannah. Jealous, Penninah reproached Hannah for her lack of children, causing Hannah much heartache. The relationship of Penninah and Hannah recalls that between Hagar and Sarah. Elkanah was a devout man and would periodically take his family on pilgrimage to the holy site of Shiloh.
Praying at the altar
On one occasion Hannah went to the sanctuary and prayed for a child. In tears, she vowed that if she were granted a child, she would dedicate him to God as a Nazirite. Eli, who was sitting at the foot of the doorpost in the sanctuary at Shiloh, saw her apparently mumbling to herself and thought she was drunk but was soon assured of her motivation and sobriety.
Eli was the priest of Shiloh, and one of the last Israelite Judges before the rule of kings in ancient Israel. He had assumed the leadership after Samson’s death. Eli blessed her and she returned home. Subsequently, Hannah became pregnant and gave birth to Samuel. Hannah’s exultant hymn of thanksgiving resembles in several points Mary’s later Magnificat.
After the child was weaned, she left him in Eli’s care, and from time to time she would come to visit her son.
Keeping this in view, how old was Samuel when Eli died?
At what age was Samuel called of God?
One night Samuel heard a voice calling his name. According to the first-century Jewish historian Josephus, Samuel was about 11 years old. Samuel first thought that he was from Eli and went to Eli to ask him what he wanted.
Also, how was Samuel called by God?
The lamp of God had not yet gone out and Samuel was in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was. So the Lord called Samuel. The Lord called Samuel a third time, and Samuel got up, went to Eli and said, “Here I am, you called me.” Then Eli understood that the Lord was calling the boy.
Samuel, Jewish Shmu’el, (flourished 1000 BC, Israel), religious hero in the history of Israel, portrayed in the Old Testament in all leadership roles that were open to a Jewish man of his time – seer, priest, judge, prophet and military leader.
How old was Samuel when Eli died?
He was a judge in Israel for a total of 40 years and died at the age of 98. Daughter of his Law, wife of Phinehas, she was pregnant and was about to give birth.
Who Was Samuel’s Father?
How many times was Samuel called by God?
[She] called him Samuel and said: Because I asked the Lord (KJV) to do it. The Hebrew root rendered as required in the KJV version is shaal, a word mentioned seven times in 1 Samuel 1.
How can you know the voice of God?
To see God’s voice, you have to look for it. Being aware, aware and willing to listen to God means that you must seek Him in the same way. You will seek me and find me if you seek me with all your heart.
Why has Samuel never cut his hair?
Delilah continues, however, and Samson eventually surrenders, telling Delilah that God makes his power available through his devotion to God as a Nazarene, symbolized by the fact that a razor never touched his head and that when his hair is cut, lose its strength.
How many times Samuel was called by God?
What does El Shaddai mean?
Who was 1 Samuel written to?
What does Samuel mean?
Who heard the voice of God?
What is the difference between a prophet and a judge?
12 interesting facts about the prophet Samuel
1. Samuel is a miracle child.
The Bible tells of many significant adults, but only a handful of significant pregnancies. Isaac, Ishmael, Jacob & Esau, Perez, Samson, John the Baptist, and Jesus are the others.
We meet Samuel’s parents before we meet him. His mother Hannah cannot have children, but God hears her prayers and opens her womb, blessing her with the child Samuel.
2. Samuel’s name means “name of God.”
The translation of Samuel (sometimes spelled “Samual” when spelled in the English alphabet) literally means “name of God,” or “God has heard.”
3. Samuel is from the tribe of Levi.
Not only was Samuel from the tribe of Levi, but he may have had Ephraimite blood, too (1 Ch 6:33–38, 1 Sa 1:1). This qualified him to serve in the temple, but Samuel was much more than a priest (see below).
4. Samuel is the last judge.
You can read about most of the judges in the book of—you guessed it!—Judges. After Joshua dies, the nation of Israel enters the “days of the judges,” (Ru 1:1) when there was no centralized government.
During this time, God would raise up individuals to deliverer Israel from her enemies (Jdg 2:16). The book of Judges tells us about 12 judges, and First Samuel introduces two more: Eli and Samuel.
Why is Samuel the last? Because after Samuel, Israel is led by kings (Ac 13:20).
5. Samuel anoints the first two kings of Israel: Saul and David.
When the people demand a national king, God directs Samuel to anoint Saul, a tall man from the tribe of Benjamin. Saul doesn’t turn out so well, and so God has Samuel anoint a young shepherd named David as the future king: not the king Israel needs, but the king they deserve. You can read all about that in First Samuel.
Samuel is qualified to do this because of another office he holds.
6. Samuel is the first of the prophets.
In the book of Acts, Peter also considers Samuel to be the first of the prophets—after Moses, that is (Ac 3:24).
A prophet is someone who speaks on behalf of God. Samuel isn’t the first person to be called a prophet in the Bible (Moses is both earlier and greater), but as far as we can tell, he lead an order of prophets in Israel (1 Sa 19:20).
Samuel’s prophetic ministry is significant because it begins at a time when words from the Lord are rare and infrequent (1 Sa 3:1). But after Samuel, Israel’s history comes alive with prophetic revelation: much of which is recorded in the prophetic books of the Bible.
7. Samuel is a priest.
He begins his ministry serving the chief priest in the tabernacle (1 Sa 3:1). Samuel makes sacrifices on behalf of the people, and offers intercessory prayers to God for them (1 Sa 7:9.)
8. Samuel is a Nazarite.
Like the mighty Samson, Samuel is dedicated to the Lord as a child. This dedication was for life, and so he never cuts his hair (1 Sa 1:11, Nu 6:1–21).
9. Samuel is the only ghost we meet in the Bible.
After Samuel dies, Saul meets with an Ewok—er, a witch of En-dor (1 Sa 28:7). The medium conjures up the spirit of Samuel, who isn’t too happy about what Saul has done. You can read the whole story in First Samuel chapter 28.
10. Samuel led the greatest Passovers.
Hundreds of years after Samuel’s death, a king named Josiah celebrates the Passover. It’s such an affair, the author says it’s the greatest Passover ever—well, ever since Samuel’s day (2 Ch 35:18).
11. Samuel is remembered for his prayers.
The psalmist who penned Psalm 99 ranks him with Moses and Aaron as one who called upon the Lord’s name (Ps 99:6).
12. God calls Samuel by name—twice
Samuel is one of 8 people in the Bible that God calls by name … twice. The others are Abraham, Jacob, Moses, Martha, Simon, “My God,” and Saul.
Samuel is described in the biblical narrative as being buried in Ramah. According to tradition, this burial place has been identified with Samuel’s tomb in the West Bank village of Nabi Samwil.
Some time after his death, Saul had the Witch of Endor conjure Samuel’s ghost in order to predict the result of an upcoming battle (1 Samuel 28:3-24). Samuel was angered by his recalling, and told Saul that the Lord had left him.