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“Interpersonal” refers to something taking place between people, while “intrapersonal” refers to something taking place inside one individual. You can tell the difference between interpersonal and intrapersonal by looking at their prefixes. The prefix “inter” means “between” and the prefix “intra” means “within.” Someone that is great at interpersonal communication is great at talking to others. Someone who has great intrapersonal awareness has a very solid sense of their own identity and personality.
7 Difference between Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Communication with Table
What is the difference between intrapersonal and interpersonal communication?
Communication is key in our lives and business environment. It occurs in two levels such as intrapersonal and interpersonal communication.
The lesson provides a detailed insight into the difference between intrapersonal and interpersonal communication levels.
The level of communication consists of thinking, analyzing, interpretation, contemplating, and feeling among many other things.
Here is the main aspect of intrapersonal communication:
This refers to how an individual carries himself or herself around. It tends to comprise beliefs, values, and attitudes.
It is typically what the mind receives and grasp from outside the world
It entails planning on the future and predicting what will happen in the future.
What Is Interpersonal Communication?
Interpersonal communication refers to the level of communication that takes place between two or more people using either verbal or non-verbal language.
The core role of interpersonal communication is the exchange of ideas and information through a certain channel such as face to face, email, telephone, and letters.
Comparison Chart: Intrapersonal vs Interpersonal
|Basic Terms||Intrapersonal Communication||Interpersonal Communication|
|Meaning||Type of communication that occurs in the mind||Communication between two or more people|
|Number of People||One||Two or more|
|Occurrence||Continuous due to human nature||Regular due to social needs of humans|
|Channel||Internal sense||Either verbal or non-verbal|
|Concern with||Thinking and analysis||Exchanging ideas and sharing information|
|Feedback||Individual||The parties involved|
|Main Features||They include self-concept, expectation, and perception.||They include inescapable, complex, contextual, and irreversible|
Differences between Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Communication
- Intrapersonal communication involves one person whereas interpersonal communication two or more people.
- Intrapersonal communication takes place in the form of thinking and analysis whereas interpersonal communication informs of exchanging ideas.
- and Intrapersonal communication does not require a medium while interpersonal communication may or may not require a medium.
- There is a flow of information in interpersonal communication whereas intrapersonal communication the information is circuited
- Intrapersonal communication is continuous due to human nature while interpersonal communication is regular due to social needs.
- Communication process in interpersonal is visible while in intrapersonal is invisible
- Intrapersonal communication can lead to stress while interpersonal communication help to relieve stress.
Differences Between Interpersonal Vs. Intrapersonal Communication
The biggest difference that you need to know about between interpersonal vs intrapersonal communication is that interpersonal is between two or more people, and intrapersonal is between you and yourself.
1. Parties Involved
In interpersonal communication, there’s always more than one person. It doesn’t matter if the communication happens online, over the phone, or in an email. Two people communicating means interpersonal.
This is in contrast to intrapersonal communication which is only done within one’s own mind with one’s own thoughts, feelings, and ideas.
The reasons you may want to use interpersonal communication is to tell a story, share an idea or experience, or relay information to someone else or a group of people.
The reasons you may be using intrapersonal communication is to reflect on something that happened, make goals and plans, visualize the future, and get closer with your own feelings.
3. Media And Feedback
Feedback for interpersonal communication can be vast — it may be verbal, nonverbal (such as a shrug, nod, or eyebrow raise), or it may be oral or written. Interpersonal feedback can be in person, over the phone, on a computer, or in a letter.
Media used for intrapersonal communication is much simpler — it is always going to be considered in person, although can be done live, in audio recordings, or in writing. Feedback for intrapersonal communication is hard to define. Your feedback is your own and only you know how you react to your own feelings, thoughts, and ideas.
What Are Intrapersonal Skills?
What does it mean to be intrapersonal? An intrapersonal person is someone with strong intrapersonal skills. They are very connected with themselves, and know what they feel, need, and want.
Some of skills highly intrapersonal people have are:
This is the ability to see things in the mind, how they are meant to be or how you plan them. Many athletes, artists, and politicians have great visualization skills and can ‘see’ themselves in a situation, and make plans for how to succeed in that situation.
2. Recognize Negativity
When things start becoming negative in your mind, it is important to stop and realize that it is happening. Being aware of negative thoughts, and having the power to turn them around is an important intrapersonal skill.
Being able to see another person’s perspective, and therefore have compassion for them is an intrapersonal skill as well. Putting aside your own views and your own experiences is a part of having compassion.
4. Decision Making
When it comes time to make a decision, an intrapersonal person has the ability to scan potential options, visualize them, and make the right decision. The ability to do so without stress and inner conflict is a skill that you can achieve with practice.
How Does Interpersonal Communication Work?
Great interpersonal communication comes from two or more people who have high levels of skills that interpersonal communication requires. When two sides are able to listen effectively, convey themselves accurately, and be active participants in the conversation, this is the start to excellent interpersonal communication.
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What Are Interpersonal Skills?
There are three types of communication: verbal communication, nonverbal communication, and public speaking. All three need to be strong in order for someone to have high interpersonal skills.
2. Conflict Management
Interpersonal communication is done by more than one person, and when that happens, there is bound to be conflict at one point or another. It is important to have good conflict management, both between you and others, and for managing others’ conflicts.
Listening to others, putting yourself in their shoes and understanding them is what empathy is all about. And if you are able to have strong empathy, you are one step closer to mastering the art of interpersonal communication.
Having strong leadership skills means the ability to motivate and encourage others to help everyone succeed. You don’t need to be in a leadership position to be a leader.
Interpersonal communication is not just about expressive communication, but receptive as well — and that means listening! Taking an active listening role as someone is speaking is a great way to level up your interpersonal skills.
Being a great negotiator goes hand-in-hand with having high interpersonal skills. Negotiating requires listening skills, planning and visualization, and problem solving — all important parts of interpersonal communication.
7. Positive Attitude
When you have a positive attitude, you are bound to have positive interactions with other people. This interpersonal skill will help you succeed in school, work, and in your personal life.
Interpersonal communication is communication with more than one person, so of course teamwork is key. Collaboration, teambuilding, active listening, and conflict resolution are all important team-based aspects of interpersonal communication.
How To Improve Intrapersonal Skills
One of the most important parts of being intrapersonal is awareness — awareness of your own mind, of yourself in situations, and awareness of how you are perceived by others.
While it may not be so obvious, one way to improve intrapersonal skills is by reaching outward — ask others how you are doing! By asking other people for their perceptions of your ideas and actions, you become more aware of what you are doing and how you are acting. To become more in touch with your thoughts and feelings, practice mindfulness and meditation throughout the day.