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The U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps
The U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps: the two branches are incredibly unique, each with their own history, culture and roles within the U.S. Armed Forces.
However, the two branches are also intricately linked, with the Marines operating under the Navy.
So, how does it all work? What is the difference between Navy vs. Marines and how does each branch operate? Here are a few ways the two branches different .
1. The Marine Corps is an Independent Branch, But Serves Under the Navy
Although both the Navy and the Marine Corps are regarded as separate branches of the military, the Marine Corps is technically a part of the U.S. Navy, ever since Congress placed the Marines under the Navy in 1834. That means that while the commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps reports to the secretary of the Navy,
the Navy is its own entity, so the secretary of the Navy reports directly up the chain to the secretary of defense.
2. The Navy and the Marine Corps Are Organized Differently
Although the Marine Corps falls under the Department of the Navy, it is actually structured more similarly to the U.S. Army, with teams, squadrons, platoons and battalions, all of which fall under three basic categories: basic units, expeditionary forces and aircraft units.
The Navy’s structure, on the other hand, is far more complicated
. Within the Navy, there are operational combatant commands and various administrative commands; under each of these are even more commands,
each of which has a particular mission.
For example, the Indo-Pacific Command is responsible for one of the largest geographic combatant commands in the world, ensuring freedom of the seas and protecting U.S. allies and interests with several bases and an expanding presence into the Pacific region.
Within these commands are further levels of organization, such as fleets, squadrons and so on.
3. The Navy vs. Marines in Areas of Responsibility
The Navy’s mission is, essentially, to protect the United States at sea, defending allies, economic prosperity, travel and freedom of the seas. As one of the largest and most powerful navies in the world,
this involves the movement of fleets – a large formation of warships, often including ships such as nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, destroyers, dock landing ships and more – throughout the globe, transporting both personnel and aircraft wherever their mission takes them.
The Marine Corps, however, often operates as a quick reaction force, outfitted with units ready to be the first boots-on-the-ground of a conflict.
Although the Navy does have its SEALs, an elite, maritime special operations force, the majority of naval operations do not focus on hand-to-hand combat.
Conversely, the Marines place a definite emphasis on combat operations; in fact, the Marine Corps is the only branch with a program dedicated to martial arts.
This is why the Marines are often called the “tip of the spear” of the U.S. Armed Forces, as their combat-ready units typically spearhead conflict operations, both on land and at sea.
4. The Navy and Marines Go Through Different Training
Navy and Marine Corps recruits go through different and unique basic training.
Firstly, Navy bootcamp is typically eight weeks long, whereas Marine Corps bootcamp is approximately 12-13 weeks long.
While Marine Corps recruits train on the coast in Marine Corps Recruit Depot in Parris Island, South Carolina or Marine Corps Recruit Depot in San Diego, California, Navy recruits actually train inland (but still near a large body of water) at Recruit Training Command (RTC) Great Lakes, Illinois.
While at RTC, Navy recruits will learn everything from firearms and physical fitness to shipboard emergency and firefighting training. Most of this training focuses on shipborne activities.
Marine recruits go through a different process.
When asking “What is the hardest military training?”
many would answer “Marine Corps bootcamp.” During those 12-13 weeks, recruits learn firearms, hand-to-hand combat, basic battlefield tactics and combat first aid.
Marine bootcamp ends with the infamous final test: the Crucible.
5. The Navy is Older Than the Marines
In October 1775, the Continental Congress – then fighting for independence against the British in the American Revolutionary War – voted and approved the establishment of a Continental Navy to intercept British ships transporting supplies and ammunition to American shores. At its start, the Navy only had two ships to its name;
which claimed approximately 200 British vessels as prizes, demoralizing the British and forcing them to divert their warships to protect convoys and trade routes.
Almost one month later,
tThese units served in a number of operations throughout the war, including their first amphibious raid into the Bahamas in March
Following the Revolutionary War, both the Navy and the Marines were disbanded.
Then later, as the United States navigated its first years as a country,
conflict ensued and there was a need for a permanent, standing Navy and Marine Corps.
Is a Marine higher than the Navy?
The Marine Corps has had precedence over the Navy since 1921 because the Marine Corps has been very consistent in citing its origins as the legislation of the Continental Congress that established the Continental Marines on 10 November 1775.
Why is a Marine not a soldier?
They are not soldiers. They are Marines.
Marines are distinguished by their mission, their training, their history, their uniform and their esprit de corps.
You would not call a sailor a soldier, an airman a soldier, and certainly you should not call a Marine a soldier.
What are the elite Marines called?
The Marine Raider Regiment, formerly known as the Marine Special Operations Regiment (MSOR), is a special operations force of the United States Marine Corps, part of Marine Corps Special Operations Command (MARSOC).
What branch of the military are the Marines?
The Marine Corps is the only branch that is independent but serves as part of another branch.
Originally, the branch was founded as the Continental Marines in 1775, as a separate entity from the Navy.
What are the 8 branches of the military?
The Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, Space Force and Coast Guard are the armed forces of the United States.
The Army National Guard and the Air National Guard are reserve components of their services and operate in part under state authority.
Why are Marines called jarheads?
What do Marines call sailors?
Squid. (especially Marines) generally called sailors.
The term refers to the aquatic animal and how it can swim fast in a straight line but similar to inexperienced motorcyclists, have trouble quickly changing directions.
Do Marines name their rifles?
According to Marines, some recruits do name their rifles while others do not. … Some recruits also chose to give their rifle a name, although not all recruits announce they named their rifle.
Do Marines call each other brothers?
POGs and Grunts – Though every Marine is a trained rifleman, infantry Marines (03XX MOS) lovingly call their non-infantry brothers and sisters POGs (pronounced “pogue,”)
which is an acronym that stands for Personnel Other than Grunts.
What does the army do vs Marines?
The Army defends national policies and addresses any aggressive threats that might endanger the United States. The Marines’ mission is more specified.
Are Marines the toughest?
The military branch with the toughest basic training is the Marine Corps. The hardest military branch for non-males because of exclusivity and male dominance is the Marine Corps.
What is the most elite military unit in the US?
SEAL Team 6, officially known as United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group (DEVGRU),
and Delta Force, officially known as 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (1st SFOD-D),
are the most highly trained elite forces in the U.S. military.
The Pentagon is the headquarters building of the United States Department of Defense.
As a symbol of the U.S. military, the phrase The Pentagon is also often used as a metonym for the Department of Defense and its leadership.
Located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., the building was designed by American architect George Bergstrom and built by contractor John McShain.
Ground was broken on 11 September 1941, and the building was dedicated on 15 January 1943. General Brehon Somervell provided the major motivating power behind the project;
Colonel Leslie Groves was responsible for overseeing the project for the U.S. Army.
The Pentagon is the world’s largest office building, with about 6.5 million square feet (150 acres; 60 ha) of floor space,
of which 3.7 million sq ft (85 acres; 34 ha) are used as offices. Some 23,000 military and civilian employees,
and another 3,000 non-defense support personnel, work in the Pentagon.
It has five sides, five floors above ground, two basement levels, and five ring corridors per floor with a total of 17.5 miles (28.2 km) of corridors. The central five-acre (2.0 ha) pentagonal plaza is nicknamed “ground zero” on the presumption that it would be a prime target in a nuclear war.[