mayland united states
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Where is Maryland? Location of Maryland in the United States
Located in the Atlantic Region of the United States, Maryland is situated between four states along with the District of Columbia. Maryland is south of Pennsylvania. To the east of Maryland lies Delaware. In the southeast, Maryland shares borders with Virginia and West Virginia.
mayland united states
Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean to its east.
Baltimore is the largest city in the state, and the capital is Annapolis.
Among its occasional nicknames are Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State.
Before its coastline was explored by Europeans in the 16th century, Maryland was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans – mostly by the Algonquin, and, to a lesser degree, by the Iroquois and Siouian.
In 1632, Charles I of England granted Lord Baltimore a colonial charter, naming the colony after his wife, Queen Mary (Henrietta Maria of France)
.Unlike the Pilgrims and Puritans, who rejected Catholicism in their settlements, Lord Baltimore envisioned a colony where people of different religious sects would coexist under the principle of toleration.
Maryland’s early settlements and population centers clustered around rivers and other waterways that empty into the Chesapeake Bay.
. Great Britain’s need for cheap labor led to a rapid expansion of indentured servants, penal labor, and African slaves.
Maryland was an active participant in the events leading up to the American Revolution, and by 1776, its delegates signed the Declaration of Independence.
In 1790, the state ceded land for the establishment of the U.S. capital of Washington, D.C.
state, United States
Maryland, constituent state of the United States of America.
One of the original 13 states, it lies at the centre of the Eastern Seaboard, amid the great commercial and population complex that stretches from Maine to Virginia.
Its small size belies the great diversity of its landscapes and of the ways of life that they foster,
from the low-lying and water-oriented Eastern Shore and Chesapeake Bay area,
through the metropolitan hurly-burly of Baltimore, its largest city, to the forested Appalachian foothills and mountains of its western reaches.
Geography has provided Maryland a role in U.S. history as a pivot between the North and the South.
Its northern border with Pennsylvania is the famous Mason and Dixon Line,
On the north bank of the Potomac lies the District of Columbia
(coterminous with the city of Washington, D.C.), a small enclave ceded by Maryland in 1791 for the site of the national capital.
East of the Chesapeake, the Eastern Shore shares the Delmarva Peninsula with Delaware on the north and Virginia on the south.
Border disputes (1681–1760)
The royal charter granted Maryland the land north of the Potomac River up to the 40th parallel.
The grant defined Pennsylvania’s southern border as identical to Maryland’s northern border, the 40th parallel.
Plant and animal life
At that time about nine-tenths of Maryland was forested, but over the centuries people cleared, plowed, and urbanized the landscape, and by the early 21st century only some two-fifths of the state remained forested.
Oak and hickory are by far the most dominant types, constituting about two-thirds of the forests.
Ethnic diversity was one of the first characteristics that set Maryland apart from the regions south of the Potomac River.
Immediately after the American Civil War, this diversity was countered by an influx of Southerners who despaired of life in a defeated and devastated homeland.
Many former slaves moved north toBaltimore, where they joined a well-established African American community who had been free for several generations.
Maryland’s Native American population had been mostly extinguished or pushed westward by about 1700.
Map of Maryland
Maryland, one of the 50 US states, is located in the Mid-Atlantic region in the northeast of the United States.
The Potomac River creates most of its border with West Virginia and Virginia in the west; in the east, it borders Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean on the Delmarva peninsula. Maryland surrounds a good portion of Washington D.C. in the west.
Many-branched Chesapeake Bay, the greatest arm of the sea in the contiguous US, is reaching deep inland from the Atlantic Ocean and defines the center of Maryland and its serrated coastline.
The area of Maryland was part of the original territory of the United States
Maryland ratified the US Constitution on 28 April 1788; it was the seventh of the original 13 states to join the Union.
Maryland has a population of 6 million people (in 2019).
Major cities in the state are Baltimore, which is by far the largest city with a population of 602,000 citizens; 2.8 million people live in the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson urban area.
All other cities like Frederick, Gaithersburg, Rockville, and Bowie, have a population of under 70,000 people, including Annapolis, the state’s capital.
Columbia (pop. 106,700), Germantown (pop. 90,800), Silver Spring (pop. 81,800), Waldorf (pop. 78,600), and Glen Burnie (pop. 66,000).
The largest city is Baltimore (602,000)
Second largest city is Frederick (72,100), Gaithersburg (68,300), Rockville (68,200), Bowie (58,700)
Annapolis (capital city, 39,100)
Population figures in 2018
Other cities and towns in Maryland:
Aberdeen, Bethesda, Cambridge, Chestertown, Columbia, Cumberland, Dundalk, Easton, Frostburg, Hagerstown, Lexington Park, Ocean City, Pocomoke City, Salisbury, Silver Spring, St. Charles, Towson, and Westminster.
Elevation of Maryland
The average elevation level of Maryland is 350 feet above sea level.
At its lowest point, Maryland rests at 0 feet above sea level, given its border along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean.
Geographic Center and GPS Coordinates
The GPS coordinates of Maryland are 39.0458° N and 76.6413° W. With a latitude of 39.0458° N and a longitude of 76.6413° W, Maryland is located in the near the East Coast.
The coordinates of Maryland’s geographic center are 39° 29.5′ N and 77° 22.3′ W.
This location is northwest of Davidsonville by a few miles, in Prince Georges County.
Most Extreme Points of Maryland
To the north, Maryland’s most extreme point is located at a latitude of 39.7230° N and a longitude of 78.7258° W.
The easternmost point is at the state line between Delaware and Maryland.
In the west, the Maryland Panhandle, a corner in the southwest part of the state, is the most extreme point.
The southernmost point of Maryland is Watkins Point, a historical site in Somerset County. The GPS coordinates of Watkins Point is 37.9121° N and 75.8837° W.
Total Area and Population Density
The total surface area of Maryland is approximately 12,407 square miles, making Maryland the forty-second largest state in the U.S.
The population of Maryland is an estimated 6,079,02 people, as of the most recent census conducted in 2018. As the ninth smallest state, Maryland manages to have one of the highest population densities of all fifty states.
There is a booming population density of 594 people per square mile of land in Maryland.