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national animal ireland

national animal ireland

national animal ireland

The selection of a national animal can communicate a country’s fundamental values and strengths. Thus, the national animal represents a significant aspect of a nation’s identity. Nations that lack a national animal may not effectively communicate their values and strengths to the world, which is crucial for gaining recognition. National symbols, such as a national animal, bird, or fish, are unique to each country and reflect specific aspects of their culture and identity. Ireland has several national symbols that signify its values and strengths.stay with solsarin to know any thing about national animal ireland.

national animal ireland
national animal ireland

National Animals – Why do We Have Them?

The practice of using animals to represent humans dates back to ancient Totemism, where animals were worshiped as ancestors and considered to possess special powers. The significance of national symbols may vary based on a country’s strength, history, and political climate. National symbols can serve to uphold pride and unity among the population. A country typically chooses its national animal based on the qualities it represents or desires to be associated with. For instance, a country may select a Lion as its national animal to embody strength, courage, and leadership, as these animals are commonly known as the kings of the jungle.

What is the National Animal of Ireland?

Ireland is an island situated in North Atlantic Europe and is divided into two regions: the Republic of Ireland (also known as Ireland) and Northern Ireland. Although Northern Ireland does not have a national animal, Ireland does. Nevertheless, there has been an ongoing debate about which animal should represent Ireland, with the Irish hare being the most widely recognized, although it remains uncertain.

In contrast to other countries, the national symbols of Ireland are not officially defined but are instead determined by their usage. Numerous land mammals have been proposed as Ireland’s national animal, including the Irish Elk, Red Deer, and Irish Hare.

The Irish Hare is the sole species of lagomorph indigenous to the island of Ireland. Fossils discovered in caves indicate that hares were present in Ireland as far back as 30,000 BP, and the species is now believed to have inhabited the island continuously since before the last ice age.

Initially, the Irish Elk was chosen as the national animal, an iconic mammal found across Northern Europe. However, since the Irish Elk is extinct, the Red Deer was then considered. Unfortunately, the Red Deer is now also extinct. Thus, the Irish Hare has emerged as the most plausible candidate for Ireland’s national animal.

The National Bird of Ireland

Several bird species, such as the Bohemian waxwing, Eurasian curlew, common swift, northern pintail, and peregrine falcon, were proposed as candidates for the national bird of Ireland. Ultimately, the lapwing bird was selected as the national bird of the Republic of Ireland, as announced by the Irish Wildlife Conservancy in 1990.

In Northern Ireland, the Eurasian oystercatcher has been informally recognized as the national bird since 1961.

The National Fish of Ireland

The Northern pike is the national fish of Ireland. Belonging to the genus Esox, this species is a carnivorous freshwater gamefish renowned for its voracious appetite. Possessing an elongated body and a coloration that ranges from grey/green to yellowish-white on the belly, the Northern pike is an iconic species that is deeply associated with the Irish national identity.

national animal ireland
national animal ireland

The National Dog Breed of Ireland

Despite the widespread belief that the Kerry Blue Terrier should be the national dog breed of Ireland, it is actually the Irish Wolfhound that holds this honor. A historic sighthound breed from Ireland, the Irish Wolfhound is renowned for its substantial size and has inspired literature, poetry, and mythology throughout history.

In addition to the Irish Wolfhound, the mountain hare (also known as the Irish hare) is considered the national animal of Ireland. As the species is not found anywhere else in the world, it is entirely unique to Ireland. Unfortunately, the population of mountain hares is gradually declining, and the species is at risk of extinction due to a variety of factors such as modernized agriculture, changes in land use, loss of habitat, and hunting. In response to these challenges, the Irish hare has been legally protected since 2020, and efforts are being made to conserve this species.

Symbols hold a significant place in Irish culture and are integral in shaping the country’s identity. From famous brands like Guinness to national animals and flowers, these symbols serve as a testament to Ireland’s rich history and traditions.


Former name(s) Dominus Hiberniae
Official name(s) Republic of Ireland
Alternative name(s) Ireland (official, English), Éire (official Irish name)
Regional location Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain
Country name etymology “The fertile place” or “Place of Éire (Eriu)”, a Celtic fertility goddess
Climate Temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; with mild winters, and cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time
Terrain Mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on the west coast
Population 4,937,786
Language(s) ‎English, Irish – Learn more about the languages of Ireland/
Religion Roman Catholicism
Country code +353
Literacy rate 100%
Currency Euro
Capital city Dublin
Domain(TLD) .ie
Ethnicity Irish, Norse (Scandinavian), Norman, English, French, Scottish, Welsh, Ulster-Scots, and various immigrant populations
Head of government Taoiseach
Nationality Irish
Driving side Drive on the Left-hand side
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Total area 84,421 km² (32,595 sq mi)
Timezone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)
Average elevation 118 m (387 ft)
Coastline 1,448 km
Mains electricity 230 V
Emergency telephone numbers Emergency Telephone Numbers

Are there Sharks off the Coast of Ireland?

Certainly! Ireland is home to a variety of shark species, such as basking sharks that use their open mouths to filter plankton, as well as blue sharks, which can reach lengths of up to 10-13 feet, and spotted dogfish sharks. There are numerous stunning beaches in Ireland, including Bundoran, Keem Beach, and Whiterocks Beach. Swimming along the Irish coastline is generally considered safe, as the Shark Attack Database reports only one unprovoked shark attack dating back to 1930.

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