new york to london nautical miles
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A nautical mile is a unit of length used in air, marine, and space navigation, and for the definition of territorial waters. Historically, it was defined as the meridian arc length corresponding to one minute (1/60 of a degree) of latitude. Today the international nautical mile is defined as exactly 1852 metres (6076 ft; 1.151 mi). The derived unit of speed is the knot, one nautical mile per hour.
The word mile is from the Latin word for a thousand paces: mille passus. Navigation at sea was done by eye until around 1500 when navigational instruments were developed and cartographers began using a coordinate system with parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude.
By the late 16th century, Englishmen knew that the ratio of distances at sea to degrees was constant along any great circle such as the equator or any meridian, assuming that Earth was a sphere. Robert Hues wrote in 1594 that the distance along a great circle was 60 miles per degree, that is, one nautical mile per arcminute. Edmund Gunter wrote in 1623 that the distance along a great circle was 20 leagues per degree. Thus, Hues explicitly used nautical miles while Gunter did not.
Since the Earth is not a perfect sphere but is an oblate spheroid with slightly flattened poles, a minute of latitude is not constant, but about 1861 metres at the poles and 1843 metres at the Equator. France and other metric countries state that in principle a nautical mile is an arcminute of a meridian at a latitude of 45°, but that is a modern justification for a more mundane calculation that was developed a century earlier.
By the mid 19th century France had defined a nautical mile via the original 1791 definition of the metre, one ten-millionth of a quarter meridian. Thus 10,000,000 m/90 × 60 = 1851.85 m ≈ 1852 m became the metric length for a nautical mile. France made it legal for the French Navy in 1906, and many metric countries voted to sanction it for international use at the 1929 International Hydrographic Conference.
Both the United States and the United Kingdom used an average arcminute, specifically, a minute of arc of a great circle of a sphere having the same surface area as the Clarke 1866 ellipsoid. The authalic (equal area) radius of the Clarke 1866 ellipsoid is 6,370,997.2 metres (20,902,222 ft). The resulting arcminute is 1853.2480 metres (6080.210 ft). The United States chose five significant digits for its nautical mile, 6080.2 feet, whereas the United Kingdom chose four significant digits for its Admiralty mile, 6080 feet.
In 1929, the international nautical mile was defined by the First International Extraordinary Hydrographic Conference in Monaco as exactly 1852 metres. The United States did not adopt the international nautical mile until 1954. Britain adopted it in 1970, but legal references to the obsolete unit are now converted to 1853 metres.
The metre was originally defined as 1⁄10,000,000 of the length of the meridian arc from the North pole to the equator, thus one kilometre of distance corresponds to one centigrad (also known as centesimal arc minute) of latitude. The Earth’s circumference is therefore approximately 40,000 km. The equatorial circumference is slightly longer than the polar circumference – the measurement based on this (40,075.017/60×360 = 1855.3 metres) is known as the geographical mile.
Distance Between London and New York City
Given below is the distance between New York City, United States and London, United Kingdom. A map showing location of New York City and London with air travel direction is also provided. Along with London – New York City distance, you can also find current time & time difference between New York City and London, lattitude & longitude of both cities and flight duration.
Flight distance from New York to London (New York John F. Kennedy International Airport – London Heathrow Airport) is 3451 miles / 5555 kilometers / 2999 nautical miles. Estimated flight time is 7 hours 2 minutes.
The total straight line flight distance from New York, NY to London, United Kingdom is 3,471 miles.
This is equivalent to 5 585 kilometers or 3,016 nautical miles.
Your trip begins in New York, New York. It ends in London, United Kingdom.
Your flight direction from New York, NY to London, United Kingdom is Northeast (51 degrees from North).
The distance calculator helps you figure out how far it is to get from New York, NY to London, United Kingdom. It does this by computing the straight line flying distance (“as the crow flies”) and the driving distance if the route is drivable. It uses all this data to compute the total travel mileage.
New York City to London Distance • Map & Travel Direction
Travel direction from New York City to London is undefinedNorth-Eastundefined and direction from London to New York City is undefinedSouth-Westundefined
The map below shows the location of New York City and London. The blue line represents the straight line joining these two place. The distance shown is the straight line or the air travel distance between London and New York City.
What is the travel distance between New York City, United States and London, United Kingdom? How many miles is it from London to New York City. 3462 miles / 5571.55 km is the flight distance between these two places.
Use the Distance calculator given below to find distance between any two cities or places.
Result page displays distance in miles, kilometers and nautical miles along with an interactive map showing travel direction.
Use this distance calculator to find air distance and flight distance from New York City to London or any other city in United Kingdom. The distance show here is the New York City – London distance / Milage. Find distance to other countries and cities from New York City and United States.
How far is London from New York?
There are several ways to calculate distances between Los Angeles and Chicago. Here are two common methods:
Vincenty’s formula (applied above)
- 3451.431 miles
- 5554.540 kilometers
- 2999.212 nautical miles
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Vincenty’s formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points on the earth’s surface, using an ellipsoidal model of the earth.
- 3442.180 miles
- 5539.652 kilometers
- 2991.173 nautical miles
The haversine formula calculates the distance between latitude/longitude points assuming a spherical earth (great-circle distance – the shortest distance between two points).
Estimated flight time from New York John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport is 7 hours 2 minutes.
The time difference between New York and London is 5 hours. London is 5 hours ahead of New York.
New York time to London time converter
Carbon dioxide emissions
On average flying from New York to London generates about 389 kg of CO2 per passenger, 389 kilograms is equal to 857 pounds (lbs). The figures are estimates and include only the CO2 generated by burning jet fuel.
Map of flight path from New York to London
Shortest flight path between New York John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) and London Heathrow Airport (LHR).
Travelmath helps you find distances based on actual road trip directions, or the straight line flight distance. You can get the distance between cities, airports, states, countries, or zip codes to figure out the best route to travel to your destination. Compare the results to the straight line distance to determine whether it’s better to drive or fly. The database uses the latitude and longitude of each location to calculate distance using the great circle distance formula. The calculation is done using the Vincenty algorithm and the WGS84 ellipsoid model of the Earth, which is the same one used by most GPS receivers.
This gives you the flying distance “as the crow flies.” Find your flight distances quickly to estimate the number of frequent flyer miles you’ll accumulate. Or ask how far is it between cities to solve your homework problems. You can lookup U.S. cities, or expand your search to get the world distance for international trips. You can also print out pages with a travel map.
New York to London Flight Time, Distance, Route Map
Flight time from New York, United States to London, Canada is 0 hours 48 minutes under avarage conditions. Our flight time calculator assumes an average flight speed for a commercial airliner of 500 mph, which is equivalent to 805 km/hr or 434 knots. Actual flight times may vary depending on aircraft type, cruise speed, routing, weather conditions, passenger load, and other factors.
What is the Flight Distance Between New York and London?
The flight distance from New York (United States) to London (Canada) is 405 miles. This is equivalent to 651 kilometers or 351 nautical miles. The calculated distance (air line) is the straight line distance or direct flight distance between cities. The distance between cities calculated based on their latitudes and longitudes. This distance may be very much different from the actual travel distance. The nearest airport to New York, is La Guardia Airport (LGA) and the nearest airport to London, is Metropolitan Area Airport (YXU).
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New York – London Timezones & Time Difference
Current local time in New York is 2022-02-21, 06:31:50 EST
Current local time in London is 2022-02-21, 06:31:50 EST.
Time difference between New York (United States) and London (Canada) is 0 Hours.
How long does it take to cross the Atlantic from New York to London?
It moved at an average speed of 12 knots. If this oil tanker crosses the shortest route from the US east coast, Port of New York to the nearest port in the United Kingdom, London Thamesport, which is about 3,785 nautical miles, it will reach the port in London in about 11.4 days.
Which is the fastest plane to fly from London to New York?
The record for the fastest transatlantic crossing is, of course, awarded to the Concorde. Back in 1996, the aircraft made the fastest ever crossing from London to New York with British Airways. Just how fast?
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