Omar Nelson B
Omar N. Bradley was born in 1893 in the city of Clark, Missouri, in the United States.
He graduated from the West Point Military School during the First World War in 1915. In the early years of his career, he became Commander of the Infantry School in Fort Benning, Georgia, and then Commander of the 82nd Division. Airborne and the 28th Infantry Division.
His first military actions of the Second World War took place in North Africa, under the command of General Patton.
Bradley is behind the capture in May 1943 of Tunisia and nearly 250,000 German soldiers. T
hen he embarks on the conquest of Sicily that he occupies in August 1943.
A few months later, Bradley was called to England, with the aim of preparing for the invasion of northwestern Europe and commanding the 1st US Army Corps under the command of the British General Bernard Montgomery, who must begin this invasion.
On June 6, 1944, Bradley is on the battleship USS Augusta and observes the landing on the beaches of Utah Beach and Omaha Beach.
The situation on Omaha is so disastrous that he even thinks to interrupt the landing on this beach, re-embark the American troops and redirect them to Gold Beach. But the boats are not sufficient to allow such an operation. Thus he continues the operation which results in a semi-successful, the American losses being extremely high.
Later, in August 1944, he took command of the 12th Army Group, then composed of the 1st, 3rd, 9th and 15th Armies, the largest group ever formed by the Americans.
After the war, Omar Bradley returned to the United States and took care of the US Department of Veterans Affairs between 1945 and 1947, during which time he became a fourth general star. From 1948, until 1949, he was the supreme leader of the American armies, replacing Dwight Eisenhower.
Bradley is a senior officer highly appreciated by his colleagues, both officers and men of the rank. Thus, in 1949, he became the first president of the chiefs of staff. At the end of his career, in 1950, he was appointed General of the US Army.
In 1951 he published his memoirs, entitled A Soldier’s Story. Returning to civilian life in 1953, he then worked in a private company. Omar Bradley dies in 1981 in New York. He is buried at Arlington National War Cemetery, Virginia.
In 1983, two years after his death, in 1983, another volume of his memoirs: “A General’s Life” is published thanks to the work of Clay Blair made from Bradley’s manuscripts.
Omar N. Bradley
Omar Nelson Bradley (1893-1981) was one of the towering American military leaders of the first half of the 20th century. After serving as an infantry school instructor, the West Point graduate took charge of the Eighty-second and Twenty-eighth Divisions during World War II.
He commanded the Second Corps in the Tunisia and Sicilian campaigns, and as commander of the First Army he was instrumental to the success of the Normandy campaign.
Bradley was appointed to head the Veterans Administration after the war, and at the end of his career he became a five-star general and the first-ever chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Omar Nelson Bradley was born in rural Missouri and spent his boyhood impoverished, with no thought of a military career.
until someone suggested that he might qualify for an appointment to West Point, where he could receive a paid education. Bradley seized the opportunity, qualified for admission in 1911.
and graduated in the class of 1915, later acclaimed as “the class the stars fell on.”
World War I
During World War I, while most of his contemporaries were serving in the American Expeditionary Force in France, Bradley’s infantry regiment was guarding copper mines in strike-ridden Montana.
Cast into the backwater of the army of the interwar period, he was apprehensive, needlessly as it turned out, that his lack of combat service would harm his career.
Bradley graduated from the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1929, and subsequently served as an instructor in tactics at the Infantry School.
He deeply impressed the assistant commandant, Lieutenant Colonel George C. Marshall, who rated him “quiet, unassuming, capable, [with] sound common sense.
Absolute dependability. Give him a job and forget it.” Bradley, in turn, emulated the future chief of staff’s leadership qualities, later observing, “
From General Marshall I learned the rudiments of effective command[ellipsis4] When an officer performed as I expected him to, I gave him a free hand.
When he hesitated, I tried to help him. And when he failed, I relieved him.”
With the efficiency and ruthlessness that was to characterize his later performance, he rapidly turned the understaffed, clique-ridden, demoralized Twenty-eighth Division into a first-class fighting unit.
In February 1943, Marshall assigned Bradley to North Africa to assist Dwight D. Eisenhower in the aftermath of the disastrous American defeat at Kasserine Pass.
was sent first as an observer to Second Corps under Lloyd Fredenthall, but on the recommendation of the new commander, George S. Patton,
which he led with distinction during the final days of the campaign in Tunisia and in the short but difficult Sicilian campaign in July and August 1943.
Eisenhower next selected Bradley to command the U.S. First Army in Operation Overlord, the cross-Channel invasion of Normandy.
on June 6, 1944. Bradley was the architect of Operation Cobra, the American breakout from the Cotentin Peninsula that unleashed the First Army and Patton’s newly activated Third Army into Brittany .
and across southern Normandy, precipitating the collapse of the German army that ended the campaign.
As an army group commander from August 1, 1944, to V-E Day in May 1945, Bradley commanded more troops than any general in American history: four armies, twelve corps, forty-eight divisions–in all, over 1.3 million troops.
the GI General
Despite earning the nickname “the GI General” from correspondent Ernie Pyle, Bradley’s low-key style of command made him little known among his troops.
The only serious criticisms of his generalship are that he acted indecisively during the battle of the Falaise gap and uncharacteristically insisted on attacking through the H[udie]rtgen Forest in the autumn of 1944. In all other circumstances.
Bradley was a resourceful strategist and tactician who earned high praise from Eisenhower as “the master tactician of our forces” and “America’s foremost battle leader.”
In 1950, when Bradley became one of only five U.S. Army officers promoted to the five-star rank of General of the Army, President Harry S. Truman praised Bradley as “the ablest field general the U.S. ever had.”