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proactive personality definition,
ProActive personality describes people who recognize opportunities, take initiative and action, and persevere until a meaningful change takes place. Not surprisingly, research has shown that proactive have many desirable behaviors that organizations want.
For instance, they are more likely than others to be seen as leaders and more likely to act as change agents in organizations; they’re more likely to challenge the status quo; they have entrepreneurial abilities, and they’re more likely to achieve career success.
According to Bateman & Crant (1993), “Proactive personality is defined as a disposition relating to individual differences in people’s proclivity to take personal initiative in acting to influence their environments in a broad range of activities and situations.”
Proactive personality is also related to entrepreneurial alertness. Proactivity means active endeavors taken by the person to effect modifications or changes in her or his environment. Individuals with this personality are likely to take the initiative for influencing and even for significantly changing the environment. It can be said in another way that having this personality can assist a person to release circumstantial pressures, recognize opportunities for benefit, take proactive initiatives, and thereby affect the environment for creating meaningful changes.
In other words,
The proactive personality is also associated with entrepreneurial alertness. “Proactivity refers to active attempts made by the individual to effect changes in his or her environment” (Zampetakis, 2008). According to Bateman and Crant (1993), people with proactive personalities tend to take the initiative to influence and even to significantly change the environment. In other words, having a proactive personality can help an individual release situational pressures, identify opportunities for advantage, make proactive moves, and thereby influence the environment to create meaningful changes (Bateman and Crant, 1993). Alongside previous research on environmental adaptability (Crant, 1995, 2000) and proactivity, additional empirical studies have confirmed that proactive individuals are more likely to achieve success at work and more positively attuned to the need for dominance, achievement, self-confidence, and conscientiousness (Claes et al., 2005).
Previous studies have identified a positive relationship between proactive personality and entrepreneurship (e.g., Becherer and Maurer, 1999; Kickul and Zaper, 2000). For instance, Becherer and Maurer (1999) have related proactivity to starting rather than buying or inheriting a business, as well as to the number of businesses started.
Proactive personality is seen as the crucial antecedent of entrepreneurial alertness to opportunities because opportunity identification is an important aspect of individual initiative (Ardichvili et al., 2003; Tang et al., 2012). Using a survey that researched a diverse group of undergraduate students from Singapore, Uy et al.
(2015) have shown that entrepreneurial alertness partially mediates the relationship between a proactive personality and a boundless career mindset, and confirming that personality traits, such as proactive personality, are connected to entrepreneurial alertness. Obschonka et al. (2017), using two-wave longitudinal data from high schools in Helsinki, Finland, has confirmed that entrepreneurial alertness is predicted by different underlying competencies; furthermore, both creativity and proactivity improve the link between personality and entrepreneurial alertness.
Proactive Personality behavior
Proactive behavior can be contrasted with other work-related behaviors, such as proficiency, i.e. the fulfillment of predictable requirements of one’s job, or adaptability, the successful coping with and support of change initiated by others in the organization. In regard to the latter, whereas adaptability is about responding to change, proactivity is about initiating change.
Proactivity is not restricted to extra role performance behaviors. Employees can be proactive in their prescribed role (e.g. by changing the way they perform a core task to be more efficient). Likewise, behaviors labeled as organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) can be carried out proactively or passively. For example, the altruistic OCB can be proactive in nature (e.g. offering help to co-workers before they ask for assistance). It aims at the identification and exploring of opportunities in taking action against the potential problems and threats. Most of the individuals who are positive , energetic, intelligent, follow the path of proactivity.
Proactive Personality Explanation
In proactive conduct and modern/hierarchical brain research, proactivity or proactive conduct by people alludes to expectant, change-arranged and self-started conduct in circumstances. Proactive conduct includes acting ahead of time of a future circumstance, as opposed to simply responding. It means taking control and getting things going as opposed to simply acclimating to a circumstance or trusting that something will occur. Proactive representatives for the most part don’t should be approached to act, nor do they require point by point directions.
Proactive conduct can be stood out from other business related practices, for example, capability, for example the satisfaction of unsurprising necessities of one’s activity, or flexibility, the effective adapting to and backing of progress started by others in the association. With respect to the last mentioned, while flexibility is tied in with reacting to change, pro-activity is tied in with starting change.
Proactive Persons have many Positive Traits or Good Qualities within them and just listed a few of them as below :
Balanced Way to Lead Moderation in Life -Proactive person always balances all the aspects of his life.
Good Imagination : He may be having amazing imagination power.
Strategies and Planning-Proactive person always makes some strategies and plans some of the strategies to be implemented practically.
Predict/Forecast future Trends, Situations.potential risks and plan ahead for adapt safety measures.
Well- Balanced Realistic Thinking – Neither being too much over-confident nor being too much pessimist.
Faith- He is having confidence in God, or Nature or within himself. So he never doubts about future scenario, while planning. In the life, the final results and happenings are in the hands of almighty the God/nature and not in human-hands, proactive person performs all the good strategies and plannings to his level best as a part of his duty. But he is aware of his strategies may not be practically work out always in reality, and hence never gets upset, since he is least bothered leaves about final fruit or result.
Loves Nature, Life and Others and having Live and Let Live Policy.
Win and Win- Proactive person always tries to create Self-Win and let Others also Win at the same time, so that he knows all the persons in the same boat can be saved at the same time and all can be successful with cooperation, and compassion.
Balanced Ambivert i.e Neither Introvert nor Extrovert.
Adaptable- He is adjustable and adaptable to changing situations.
Give and Take Respect Policy -Being Sociable Proactive Person is having the policy of “Give Respect and Get Respect”.
SWOT – They are very good at recognizing Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats.
What does it mean to be proactive at work?
People who possess the proactive personality trait tend to strive for a specific goal. They make things happen and are generally good and maneuvering situations (and people) towards their desired outcome.
What are the characteristics of a proactive person?
Here are a few signs of an employee with proactive personality traits:
They ask questions, suggest ideas, and make comments on things beyond the scope of their day-to-day tasks.
They anticipate potential problems and work to solve underlying issues before trouble starts.
“Wait and see” is not in their vocabulary.
They tend to be good at working with (or sometimes manipulating) other people to get the outcome they want.
Others might become frustrated by their single-mindedness.
How to motivate a proactive employee
Make sure your proactive employee has time to think ahead and be proactive. They won’t be happy playing catch-up long term.
Give space for proactivity! Many employers pay lip service to the virtues of being proactive… but don’t have time when employees suggest new ideas
, point out opportunities for growth, or try new ways of doing something. If you really listen to your team’s proactive feedback and take it seriously, even if things can’t change, you’ll do wonders for morale.
How to give feedback to someone who is proactive
You may have to draw clear boundaries about what things your proactive employee “owns” and what they don’t. For example, if a proactive person is doing another person’s job because they just can’t wait,
make sure you clearly communicate that it’s not OK.
Keep an eye out for things your proactive employees do that go above and beyond. Proactive people will often go out of their way to make things better and fix problems that everyone else ignores. Make sure you’re noticing that effort and thanking your proactive employee.
Proactive Personality people:
Proactive people are always looking ahead at future activities, projects and events and anticipating needs, problems and possible outcomes.
For example, if they are attending a conference in a different city,
they go beyond actually booking air travel, arranging ground transportation and booking a hotel room. They mentally walk through the three-day event, deciding in advance what they will wear at the various functions, which presentations they will attend, and who they will seek out in order to maximize their networking opportunities. In the process,
they might decide that they will need business cards, writing materials, an empty carry-on bag to house the information that they will be collecting at the exhibits and casual clothes for the Saturday night barbecue.
It’s no accident that a few people always seem to have a spare pen to loan, a safety pin to offer,
a Band-Aid or pain killer when someone’s in distress and shampoo when there’s none in the hotel room. These are the people you turn to when you need a hairdryer or a list of meeting rooms or change for the hotel vending machine. They are also the people who are frequently selected as project managers, management trainees,
and group leaders. They are organized, punctual, and productive – and respected by their managers and peers alike.