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the tomato plant is a vascular plant

the tomato plant is a vascular plant

the tomato plant is a vascular plant

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the tomato plant is a vascular plant

plants are classified into two major groups based on their internal structures. These two groups are vascular and nonvascular. … Examples include trees and many shrubs with woody stems that grow very tall and grasses, dandelions, and tomato plants with soft stems.

As with all organisms, a tomato’s primary objective is to reproduce and carry on its genetic line. moreover, Roots seek out water and nutrients, which the semi-woody main stem carries through vascular tissues to the leaves, flowers and developing fruit. The large compound leaves capture the energy of the sun to fuel the growing plant, which opens bright yellow flowers that attract the attention of passing insects. Once pollinated, the sexual organs of the flowers develop into fruit, housing the seeds of the next tomato generation.

the tomato plant is a vascular plant
the tomato plant is a vascular plant

Tomato Plant Characteristics

Tomatoes are a plant that grows well in a sunny, moderate climate. Their fruit is a popular food that contains vitamin C and A. Tomatoes are easy to grow in a greenhouse and are more widely consumed than any vegetable except the potato, they are  eaten fresh, but also cooked down into sauces and pastes for a variety of dishes.

Tomatoes are a green shoot with green leaves and varied color fruits fruits.Tomato fruits are usually seen as red, but they can also be green, yellow, orange, pink and white.

The tomato plant is a warm season plant. When growing your tomato plant you should have a temperature around 65F, air circulation and allot of sun light. Make sure your night climate does not get to cold because the tomato plant is a tender growing plant and cannot with stand a freeze. The best soil for growing a tomato plant is deep loamy soil that is well drained. The soil should be high in organic matter and nutrients. Tomato plants respond best to phosphorus fertilizers and to much nitrogen fertilizers can result in vigorous vine growth but very little fruit.

Tomato plants grow well in 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit with at least six hours of sun a day. Frost kills the plant and higher or lower temperatures can produce oddly shaped fruit. Since successful growing conditions are easy to replicate indoors, tomato plants are often produced in greenhouses are just grown as houseplants.

Tomato plants are comprised of only five percent solids. These solids are cell walls, sugars, and acids.

Physical description and cultivation

Tomato plants are generally much branched, spreading 60–180 cm (24–72 inches) and somewhat trailing when fruiting, but a few forms are compact and upright. Leaves are more or less hairy, strongly odorous, pinnately compound, and up to 45 cm (18 inches) long. The five-petaled flowers are yellow, 2 cm (0.8 inch) across, pendant, and clustered. Fruits are berries that vary in diameter from 1.5 to 7.5 cm (0.6 to 3 inches) or more. They are usually red, scarlet, or yellow, though green and purple varieties do exist, and they vary in shape from almost spherical to oval and elongate to pear-shaped. Each fruit contains at least two cells of small seeds surrounded by jellylike pulp.

The plant requires relatively warm weather and much sunlight; it is grown chiefly in hothouses in cooler climates.  The plants are susceptible to a number of pests and diseases, including bacterial wilt, early blight, mosaic virus, Fusarium wilt, nematodes, and tomato hornworms. The tiny currant tomato (S. pimpinellifolium) is a closely related species and has been used by breeders to hybridize several pest- and disease-resistant tomato varieties.

the tomato plant is a vascular plant
the tomato plant is a vascular plant

Is tomato a fruit or a vegetable?

From a culinary (cooking) point of view, tomato is considered a vegetable primarily because it is not sweet and not usually used in desserts. From a botanical point of view, a tomato is in fact a fruit. A fruit is defined as a part of a plant that develops from a flower’s ovary and contains seeds. Since a tomato develops from its flower’s ovary and contains seeds, then a tomato is in fact a fruit and not a vegetable.

Types of Tomatoes

  • Determinate tomatoes, better known as “bush” varieties grow 2 to 3 feet tall. These varieties tend to provide numerous ripe tomatoes at one time, do not put on much leaf growth after setting fruit, and tend to fruit for a (relatively) brief period of time. They are generally productive earlier than the vining varieties, and not in the latter part of the growing season. Determinate tomatoes do not require staking or caging. These plants are idea for containers and small spaces. Most paste tomatoes are determine (which works well for making sauce and canning).
  • Indeterminate tomatoes, better known as “vining” varieties produce the largest types of mid- to late-season slicing tomatoes all summer and until the first frost.  Indeterminate tomatoes need staking. They are ideal in large gardeners. Most beefsteak and cherry tomatoes are indeterminate.
the tomato plant is a vascular plant
the tomato plant is a vascular plant

vacular vs Nonvascular Plants

The main difference between vascular and nonvascular plants is that a vascular plant has vascular vessels to carry water and food to all the different parts of the plant. The phloem is the vessel that transports food and the xylem is the vessel that transports water. On the other hand, a nonvascular plant doesn’t have a vascular system. This means nonvascular plants are much smaller than vascular plants, and this is one of the simplest ways you can distinguish between vascular vs nonvascular plants.

Another difference is that a nonvascular plant doesn’t have roots like a vascular plant does. Instead, a nonvascular plant has rhizoids, small hairs that keep the plant in place. A vascular plant’s roots provide support and also soak up water from the area surrounding the plant.

Nonvascular plants have much more simple methods of reproduction than vascular plants. Most nonvascular plants reproduce by producing single-celled spores or through the asexual process of vegetative propagation, where a new plant grows from a portion of the parent plant.

What are Vascular Plants?

The plants containing a xylem and a phloem are referred to as vascular plants. The xylem transports water and minerals from roots to leaves whereas phloem transports sucrose and other organic nutrients throughout the plant. Vascular plants first appeared 430 million years ago.moreover, The evolution of the vascular tissue allowed the dominance of these plants on land by gaining the structural support from lignified xylem, and long-distance movement of water and nutrients through xylem and phloem respectively. Vascular plants are also known as tracheophytes or higher plants. This group includes all seeding plants (Gymnosperms and the Angiosperms) and the pteridophytes (ferns, lycophytes and horsetails).

Since vascular tissues can transport water and nutrients for long distances, these plants can grow to form tree-like structures. Seed plants (the Gymnosperms and Angiosperms) produce an embryo within the seed. Since the embryo is protected by a hard, outer coating, it is resistant to conditions such as drought and predation. Seeds can remain dormant until proper conditions arrive for germination.

Flowering plants produce flowers and fruit or wood. Seedless plants such as Lycopodiophyta (clubmosses), Equisetophyta (horsetails) and Psilotophyta (whisk ferns), produce free-swimming sperms. They require water for fertilization. Vascular plants are well-differentiated into roots, stems, and leaves. The dermal tissue system of these plants consists of cutin, which is a waxy substance forming the cuticle. The cuticle produces a protective covering throughout the plant body against desiccation of water. it also regulates the gas exchange through stomata, the pores within the cuticle.

What are Nonvascular Plants?

Nonvascular plants are the plants that do not have vascular systems. They are lower plants. These plants do not contain xylem or phloem tissues. But they have special tissues for translocation of water. Bryophytes, including liverworts, mosses, and hornworts belong to nonvascular plant group. Since vascular tissues are absent in this group, they do not have a true stem, root system or leaves. Also, non vascular plants do not contain a wide variety of specialized tissues. Therefore, some plants in this group look like leaves (liverworts). Also, some plants have root-like structures, which are rhizoids. Gametophyte generation is prominent in nonvascular plants. Those gametophytes are haploids (contain a single set of a chromosome).

Since nonvascular plants lack water-conducting tissues, these plants cannot grow high. Also, these plants cannot tolerate drought. But, they can absorb water from the surrounding air or nearby sources through surface tissues. Habitats of these plants are swamps, bogs or near water sources. All types of plants in this group have a uniform life cycle.

Key differences (Vascular plants vs Non-vascular plants)

Basis for Comparison

Vascular plants

Non-vascular plants

Definition Vascular plants are plants found on land that have lignified tissues for conducting water and minerals throughout the body of the plant. Non-vascular plants are plants mostly found in damp and moist areas and lack specialized vascular tissues.
Also known as Vascular plants are also known as tracheophytes. Non-vascular plants are also known as bryophytes or lower plants.
Diversity Vascular plants are numerous and more diverse than non-vascular plants. Non-vascular plants are fewer in number and are less diverse compare to vascular plants.
Habitat Vascular plants are land plants that can inhabit multiple environments. Non-vascular plants are mostly found in damp, shady, or swampy areas.
Vascular system Vascular plants are characterized by the presence of a vascular tissue system with lignified xylem tissue and sieved phloem tissue. The absence of a vascular tissue system characterizes non-vascular plants.
Cell arrangement Division of labor is a prominent feature of vascular plants where the arrangement of cells is more complex and mostly characteristics to individual families. The arrangement of cells in non-vascular plants is a lot simpler than that in vascular plants.
Strength The lignified tissue system is strong and rigid, which provides support and rigidity to the plant. Non-vascular plants are tender and shorter than vascular plants due to the unavailability of water-conducting tissue.
the tomato plant is a vascular plant
the tomato plant is a vascular plant

What are the Similarities Between Vascular and Nonvascular Plants?

  • Vascular and Nonvascular Plants are green plants belonging to kingdom Plantae.
  • They are photoautotrophic, thus, can affect photosynthesise.

Are fruits vascular or nonvascular?

Vascular plants are the green plants, which have true leaves, stems, roots, and bear fruits and flower, essentially they have specialized tissues (xylem and phloem) for transporting food, water, and minerals to all parts of the plant. These type of plants can grow much longer.


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