the united states borders what oceans
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The United States is officially bordered by three oceans: the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, and the Arctic Ocean to the north.
Hereof, how many oceans border the United States?
Also, which states of the United States border the largest ocean? The largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean, and several states have borders along it:
Similarly, you may ask, what ocean borders the USA?
The United States of America has more than 12,000 miles of coastline. This coastline borders three major bodies of water: the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.
What states border the Pacific Ocean
5 – Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. These are the five pacific coast states that cover the west coast of the United States.
Alaska is one of the states that border the Pacific Ocean with the longest coastline not only in the West coast but the entire United States. It covers 33,904 miles. It also comprises the largest land area compared to other states and is less populated.
From the border of Mexico, this vast land stretches for 900 miles of the pacific coastline. The state accommodates beautiful beach towns including crescent city, Eureka, Cambria and Santa Barbara. There are 11 harbors in the state of California.
1. What Formed the Hawaiian Islands?
- A. Hills
- B. Mountains
- C. Deserts
- D. Volcanos
It is the only Island state of the United States of America. The 137 group of Islands covers 1500 miles. There are eight main Islands. Hawaii is one of the hottest tourist hubs and is the only state to grow coffee. Hawaii is also famous for commercial pineapple cultivation. Mai Tai is one of the popular cocktails of this tropical Island.
The state covers 362 miles of coastline from the border of California State. It has a diversified marine life system and has more ghost towns than other states. Oregon is world-famous for windsurfing in the Gorge River. The Crater Lake which was formed by volcanic eruption is the deepest lake in the United States. Oregon is also famous for mushroom hunting during the spring and fall seasons.
Named after the first US President George Washington Olympia is the capital of Washington state. The state owns more than 500 water reservoirs. Half of the State’s land area is covered with forest. The largest city of Washington, Seattle there is known for the world-f Space Needle. The State tops in apple production covering more than half of the total apple cultivation in the country.
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The second-largest ocean on Earth, the Atlantic drives our weather patterns, including hurricanes, and is home to many species from sea turtles to dolphins.
For centuries the Atlantic Ocean has been a key avenue of trade and travel. Stretching from the Arctic Circle to Antarctica, the Atlantic Ocean is bordered by the Americas to the west and Europe and Africa to the east.
It’s more than 41 million square miles, the second-largest ocean on Earth after the Pacific Ocean.
Scientists and geographers broadly separate the Atlantic in terms of north and south. The North Atlantic and South Atlantic each have distinct ocean currents that influence weather around the world.
Water currents and gyres
The ocean doesn’t sit still like water in a sink.Both quick-moving surface currents and slower-moving deep ocean currents circulate water around the globe.
The seawater is constantly trying to find a balance. Warmwater is less dense than cold water, so as water cools, it sinks, and warm water replaces it. Water with high salinity—more salt—also moves into waters with lower salinity. Those factors drive the conveyer belt, a process also called thermohaline circulation.
Warm water is heated by the Gulf Stream, a warm air current that originates in the Gulf of Mexico. The warm water then moves north, where it forces cooler water to sink and move south. As the current moves toward Antarctica, upwelling pushes cold water back to the surface, pushing the watery conveyer belt around the world. Scientists estimate that it takes the conveyer belt about 500 years to make one trip.
Without Africa’s Sahara Desert, few hurricanes would strike the eastern coast of North America. That’s because a wind stream called the African Easterly Jet is formed from the difference in the Sahara’s dry, hot air and the humid cooler air to the west and south. The jet pushes westerly winds over Africa’s west coast, where they sometimes pick up ocean water and form thunderstorms.
Hurricanes are fueled by warm waters, and warmer Sahara summer winds drive some of the biggest hurricanes seen in the U.S. Those that form off the coast of Africa must survive wind shear (horizontal winds) to hit the East Coast with full force.
Occasionally, as with Hurricanes Florence and Harvey, storms weaken as they make their way across the Atlantic Ocean but are then refueled by warm waters off the East Coast or in the Gulf of Mexico.
The Atlantic Ocean is home to a diverse array of sea life, both those we can observe at the surface, and those all but hidden from human eyes.
In December 2018, National Geographic published photos from a deep-sea dive led by ocean research group OceanX. Images revealed the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, a federally protected marine area off the coast of Massachusetts, and it is teeming with biodiversity.
Many other well-known species live in the Atlantic, from dolphins to sea turtles.
After decades of decline, scientists are finding that great white shark populations are growing in U.S. waters. Despite widespread fear of the species—heightened by pop culture’s treatment of it—scientists praise the return of great whites as a conservation success story. Recent studies are showing great whites may be venturing farther north near Maine and even as far north as New Brunswick, Canada.
Other species in North Atlantic waters aren’t faring as well.
The North Atlantic right whale is steadily heading toward extinction. Just over 400 remain in the wild. The whale earned its name in the early 20th century from hunters who considered it the “right” whale to catch. In the past few years, the whales have been found dead in Canada’s Gulf of St. Lawrence from what necropsies show are likely ship strikes. Scientists are also concerned that females, potentially facing environmental stress, are not reproducing at a rate fast enough to rebound the declining population.
atlantic ocean temperature
The water temperature in the Atlantic is also greatly affected by currents, most notably the Gulf Stream.
The largest ocean on Earth is filled with mysteries, but also subject to great pressures like climate change, plastic pollution, and overfishing.
pacific ocean islands
Pacific Islands, island geographic region of the Pacific Ocean. It comprises three ethnogeographic groupings—Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia—but conventionally excludes the neighbouring island continent of Australia, the Asia-related Indonesian, Philippine, and Japanese archipelagoes, and the Ryukyu, Bonin, Volcano, and Kuril island arcs that project seaward from Japan. Neither does the term include the Aleutian chain or such isolated islands of the Pacific Ocean as the Juan Fernández group off the coast of South America. The more inclusive term Oceania, in its broadest definition, encompasses all the foregoing; It is a mixture of independent states, associated states, integral parts of non-Pacific Island countries, and dependent states.
Billions of people around the world rely on fish as their primary source of protein and millions rely on it for their livelihood. Whether a mile off a country’s coast or far out to sea, overfishing affects much of the Pacific Ocean, although there have been encouraging signs that some fisheries are recovering.
Recent international discussions have raised the question of whether nations should unite to limit or even prohibit fishing on the high seas, which currently faces few restrictions.
Why is every “C” in Pacific Ocean pronounced differently?
Welcome to the convoluted history of the letter C, which has been subject to possibly the most pronunciation changes of any letter in the alphabet.
Let’s start with Pacific. The word comes to us from Latin through French. That happened to the first C in this word, which took on an S sound early in French.
Observations of temperature and salinity at different levels in the ocean reveal well-defined layers, each forming a water mass distinguished by its own temperature and salinity characteristics.
It appears that the most important influence on the vertical circulation of the Pacific is the cold water generated around the Antarctic continent in the Southern Ocean. This dense circumpolar water sinks and then spreads northward to form the bottom layer of the greater part of the Pacific. Branches from this deep main streamconvey cold water eastward and then poleward in both hemispheres.