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Munich, German München, city, capital of Bavaria Land (state), southern Germany. It is Bavaria’s largest city and the third largest city in Germany (after Berlin and Hamburg). Munich, by far the largest city in southern Germany, lies about 30 miles (50 km) north of the edge of the Alps and along the Isar River, which flows through the middle of the city. Pop. (2011) 1,348,335; (2015 est.) 1,450,381.
Munich, or München (“Home of the Monks”), traces its origins to the Benedictine monastery at Tegernsee, which was probably founded in 750 CE. In 1157 Henry the Lion, duke of Bavaria, granted the monks the right to establish a market where the road from Salzburg met the Isar River. A bridge was built across the Isar the following year, and the marketplace was fortified.
In 1255 Munich became the home of the Wittelsbach family, which had succeeded to the duchy of Bavaria in 1180. For more than 700 years the Wittelsbachs would be closely connected with the town’s destiny. In the early 14th century the first of the Wittelsbach line of Holy Roman emperors, Louis IV (Louis the Bavarian), expanded the town to the size at which it remained up to the end of the 18th century. Under the Bavarian elector Maximilian I (1597–1651), a powerful and effective ruler, Munich increased in wealth and size and prospered until the Thirty Years’ War.
The contemporary city
In the past Munich suffered economically because of its distance from seaports and from the coal mines of the Ruhr region. But this situation improved when fuels other than coal came into general use. Munich shifted from heavy to light industry, to the manufacture, for example, of precision instruments, optical and electrical appliances, and aerospace and other high-technology products, as well as to the production of food, cosmetics, and clothing. The city has several of the largest breweries in Germany and is famous for its beer and its annual Oktoberfest celebration. Munich is a major tourist destination and a convention centre. Book publishing and printing and television production are also important.
Lifestyle is a priority in Munich. It might be down to the clear blue skies or simply the city’s beauty, but one thing’s for certain: The people of Munich always like to show their best side, whether they’re in a beer garden, on one of the exclusive shopping streets, or in Bayern Munich’s stadium.
A city with a big heart, as suave as it is easygoing, buzzing and yet tranquil. Munich is Germany’s lifestyle capital. And on top of all this, it boasts one of the country‘s most beautiful squares: Marienplatz, at the heart of the city and home to the Old and New Town Halls. The famous town hall glockenspiel is as much a part of the city’s identity as the Hofbräuhaus beer hall or the iconic Church of Our Lady with its green dome-crested towers.
Munich International Airport, also known as Franz Josef Strauss International Airport, is the second busiest airport in Germany and is the main airport for passengers visiting Bavaria. Located nearly 30 km outside the city, near the town of Freising, Munich Airport is Germany’s second busiest in terms of passenger traffic after Frankfurt Airport. Munich Airport flies to 248 destinations worldwide and can handle more than 28 million passengers per year.
Airport operations commenced in 1992.
Munich Airport has two passenger terminals and two parallel runways, both 4,000 metres in length, which together handle 90 aircraft movements per hour.
- The current population of Germany is 84,115,696 as of Tuesday, September 28, 2021, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
- Germany 2020 population is estimated at 83,783,942 people at mid year according to UN data.
- Germany population is equivalent to 1.07% of the total world population.
- The population density in Germany is 240 per Km2 (623 people per mi2).
- The total land area is 348,560 Km2 (134,580 sq. miles)
- 76.3 % of the population is urban (63,930,305 people in 2020)
- The median age in Germany is 45.7 years.
The Munich Zoo (also called Tierpark Hellabrunn) is a fantastic place to go to with your kids. I’m sure they’ll love it (and you, too)!
Personally I used not to like zoos very much, because I hate to see the caged creatures that barely have enough space to turn around. Gladly, this is a concept of the past, and especially the Munich wildlife park is much different.
Vast Spaces with Almost Natural Habitats
If you follow the visitor’s tour you will travel around the world continent by continent and experience the fauna of that area.
This gives you the possibility to leave out fauna/continents that you already know and go straight to the more interesting ones.
Hellabrunn management does their best, to have the animals live as “natural” as possible.
This means, most of the times, the animals live in vast areas outside (with inside shelter for tropical creatures) and can move around more or less freely.
But don’t be afraid, barriers like fences and ditches, some filled with water, separate you from the animals. The one disadvantage is, that you don’t get to see the animals as close by as you might be used to. Take binoculars with you and you will be delighted!
Take Your Time and Plan Ahead
The Munich zoo is big! If you want to do the whole tour, it will take at least 4-5 hours.
Depending on the age of your children, you should skip some or most of the parts and concentrate only on the animals you like most.
Our kid only managed to pay attention for one hour and a half during his first visit (he was about 15 months old at that time).
Therefore it is a good idea to print out the Hellabrunn map and plan your visit ahead.
Hellabrunn Animal Shows
Off course the daily special animal shows are the main attractions in Hellabrunn Tiergarten.
Every day at different times you can watch special shows like the Flipper Parade with Californian sea lions, the Jungle Patrol with theElephants and Air Acrobatics with the birds of prey just to name a few.
Find out when the special demonstrations that interest you most are held.
But keep in mind that you shouldn’t plan for too much. The Munich Zoo can easily take up a whole day and you or your kids might get very tired. So do the most interesting things first.
Munich for Kids:
Mainly goats and sheep are in the touch paddock area and off course they’re accustomed to being petted by kids of all ages.
Although I wouldn’t recommend to let very small children below 3 years of age alone into the Touch Paddock, because some of the animals can become really stubborn when they don’t get what they want (usually food).
Food and Drinks
As everywhere in Bavaria and especially Munich, there’s no shortage in food and drinks. There are plenty of so-called kiosk in the wildlife park, where you can buy anything from Bratwurst to Crepes and Sandwiches as well as soft drinks, water and beer. And off course, there’s a beer garden too. You would have expected this in Munich anyways, didn’t you 🙂
Prices and Directions
- Children (4-14): 4,50 Euro
- Teens and Students 15+ : 7,50 Euro
- Adults: 11 Euro
Family tickets are also offered and give you a good bargain. If you spend at least 3-6 months in Munich and plan on visiting Tierpark Hellabrun at least two times, you can buy an annual ticket.
How to get there:
Take the underground U3 to Thalkirchen and follow the signs from there, it’s less than 5 minutes walk.
The number of corona patients admitted to hospitals is now decisive for the corona rules. . With the new regulation, the general contact restrictions, as well as the upper limit for events, no longer apply. Clubs and bars are expected to reopen in October.
What you have to keep in mind:
FFP2 masks are no longer mandatory. Where mouth-nose protection is mandatory, wearing a medical mask is sufficient from now on.
In hotels and holiday flats and on campsites, the 3G rule applies: Overnight guests must show proof that they have been vaccinated, recovered or tested upon arrival. Those who are not vaccinated or recovering from Corona are required to present a negative test every 72 hours.
Munich’s indoor and outdoor dining areas and beer gardens are open to guests. The Corona-related curfew at 1 a.m. does not apply.
Private premises, shops and public transport are exempt from the 3G rule.
Shops are open for normal customer traffic. There are no longer any limits on the number of people who can be in the shop at any one time. Masks are still compulsory in shops.
The previous upper limits on the number of people for private and public events are no longer applicable. If more than 1000 participants* come together, the 3G rule applies in all indoor and outdoor areas of the event, regardless of incidence.
Outdoor city and guest tours do not require a test certificate.
For trade fairs, congresses and conferences, the area-based visitor limit no longer applies, as it does in the retail sector. From now on, a daily limit of 50,000 visitors will apply. 3G also applies here.
Bars and discotheques are expected to be allowed to reopen in October in compliance with the 3G rule.
What else is important:
Wearing a mouth-nose protection is compulsory in Munich in public transport and in all shops. Since 2 September, wearing an FFP2 mask is no longer compulsory. It can be replaced by a medical mask. Non-compliance will be prosecuted.
The ban on the consumption of alcohol in the open air in the city centre has been lifted, but has been replaced in each case by a ban on glass bottles, jugs etc. at night. You can find out the exact regulations on the city portal muenchen.de.
The previous hygiene and prevention regulations still apply: Please continue to maintain a safety distance of at least one and a half meters from other people. You should also make sure that you observe the cough and sneeze etiquette and wash your hands several times a day.
In Bavaria, mandatory masks for persons six years of age and older, among other things, for retail outlets. This is also the case for shopping at Munich Airport. In Bavaria, masks must also be worn on public transport (e.g. S-Bahn, train or bus).
Shops und Restaurants
If the 7-day incidence exceeds 35, only fully vaccinated or recovered or negatively tested persons with appropriate proof may enter restaurants. Some of our open catering facilities offer food and beverages for takeaway only. The 7-day incidence rate of the Erding district applies.