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turpan depression

turpan depression facts

turpan depression

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turpan depression facts
turpan depression facts

what is turpan depression

The most well known product from Turpan is grapes, which, together with Hami melon, is one of the four best fruits of Xinjiang. The best time to sample Turpan grapes is between July and October, during the harvest period.

turpan depression facts

What is unique about the Turpan Depression?

The Turpan Basin has a harsh, continental desert climate (Koppen BWk) in which the precipitation is far less than the potential evaporation. At Turpan City, July is the hottest month with a 24-hour average temperature of 32.2 °C (90.0 °F) and January the coldest with a 24-hour average temperature of −7.6 °C (18.3 °F).

Turfan Depression

mountain basin, China
Turfan Depression, Chinese (Pinyin) Tulufan Pendi or (Wade-Giles romanization) T’u-lu-f’an P’en-ti, also called Turpan Basin, deep mountain basin in the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, northwestern China. The Turfan Depression is a fault trough, descending ultimately to 508 feet (155 metres) below sea level (the lowest point in China), whereas the neighbouring Tarim River and Lop Nur areas are between 2,000 and 3,000 feet (600 and 900 metres) above sea level. The basin has an area of some 20,000 square miles (50,000 square km).

Qoltag Mountains

The basin lies between the Bogda Mountains to the north and the northern section of the Kuruktag range to the south. Within this depression another major fault forms the Qoltag Mountains, which divide the basin into two sections. The northern section forms a zone at the foot of the Bogda range. This area, about 500 feet (150 metres) above sea level, drains into the lower southern depression through steep canyonlike gorges. The lower basin, once the site of a permanent lake, slopes toward the south where there is a salt swamp called Lake Ayding (Aydingkol).

in the north

The whole basin is irrigated, either (in the north) using surface water or (in the south) by the Persian technique of using tunnels that tap groundwater from higher areas. The area has great climatic extremes: the average monthly temperature is 14 °F (−10 °C) in January and 90 °F (32 °C) in July.
Daily variations from these averages, however, can be enormous. The highest temperature recorded in China, 118 °F (48 °C), was at the city of Turfan (Turpan) in the northern part of the basin, while the lowest recorded temperature, −62 °F (−52 °C), was at Fuyun, not far from Turfan. Precipitation in the depression is scanty, only 0.6–1.2 inches (16–30 mm) per year. The extreme temperatures and windblown sands are major problems for the basin’s inhabitants.

Hami melons

The basin is intensively farmed and is well known for its fruit, particularly grapes and Hami melons. Watermelons, apples, peaches, apricots, nuts, grains (especially wheat), cotton.
and silk are also produced. Most of the inhabitants are Uighur Muslims. The Tu-Ha (Turfan-Hami) Oil Field, spreading across the Turfan and nearby (east) Hami basins, produces both petroleum and natural gas and is important to the economic and social development of the region.

The higher northern part of the depression

The higher northern part of the depression forms long-established natural trade routes, including the fabled Silk Road; these connect in the southeast to the trade route known as the Hexi (Gansu) Corridor. The main centres of population in the depression are the cities of Turfan to the north and Toksun (Tuokexun) at the western end.

Turpan Facts

Turpan, an oasis city, is located at the southern foot of Bogda Peak and in the center of Turpan Depression. Because of the drastic 5,000-meter difference in height between the mountain tops and the bottom of the depression, the scenery too.
turpan depression facts
turpan depression facts

Basic Information

Zip Code: 838200
Area: The area of Turpan is about 70,000 square kilometers.
Geography: Turpan region is located at the basin in the southern side of the Bogda Ranges and bordering with Hami in the east. It has a total area of 69,700 sq. km. The basin is surrounded by high mountains, while inside of it, there are many hills and mountains with small basins alternate with one another. The lowest point is in the Aydingkol Lake with 155 m below the sea level, where there is still having a small amount of water in it. Melting snow from the Tianshan Mountain nearby provides a precious underground water resource for the region, thus the ancient Karez Irrigation System made, very interesting.


to the official statistics in 2008, the total population in the Turpan region is 606,758. 70% of the population is Uighurs and they mak e a concerted effort to make visitors feel welcome. Other minorities include Han, Hui, Kazak, Russian, Manchu, Zhuang and Miao.

Administrative Division:

Turpna is divided into 1 city and 2 counties administratively.


Located in the Turpan Basin, it has long been known as “Fire State” or “Land of Fire” for its extreme summer heat. This is due to it being in the second deepest inland depression in the world.

Turpan’s climate is harsh, of the arid continental type, with very hot summers, very cold winters, and minimal precipitation, which amounts to only 20 mm (0.9 inch) per year. July is the hottest month, with average highs of 39°C (103°F) and lows of 25°C (77°F), while January is the coldest, with highs of -4°C (26°F) and lows of -16°C (4°F).[1] The Highest temperature ever measured in Turpan Pendi (155 meters below sea level) is 55.3°C (131.6°F) and the lowest is -38°C (-36.4°F).

turpan depression facts
turpan depression facts

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