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what is turpan depression
The most well known product from Turpan is grapes, which, together with Hami melon, is one of the four best fruits of Xinjiang. The best time to sample Turpan grapes is between July and October, during the harvest period.
turpan depression facts
What is unique about the Turpan Depression?
The basin lies between the Bogda Mountains to the north and the northern section of the Kuruktag range to the south. Within this depression another major fault forms the Qoltag Mountains, which divide the basin into two sections. The northern section forms a zone at the foot of the Bogda range. This area, about 500 feet (150 metres) above sea level, drains into the lower southern depression through steep canyonlike gorges. The lower basin, once the site of a permanent lake, slopes toward the south where there is a salt swamp called Lake Ayding (Aydingkol).
in the north
The higher northern part of the depression
The higher northern part of the depression forms long-established natural trade routes, including the fabled Silk Road; these connect in the southeast to the trade route known as the Hexi (Gansu) Corridor. The main centres of population in the depression are the cities of Turfan to the north and Toksun (Tuokexun) at the western end.
Turpan’s climate is harsh, of the arid continental type, with very hot summers, very cold winters, and minimal precipitation, which amounts to only 20 mm (0.9 inch) per year. July is the hottest month, with average highs of 39°C (103°F) and lows of 25°C (77°F), while January is the coldest, with highs of -4°C (26°F) and lows of -16°C (4°F). The Highest temperature ever measured in Turpan Pendi (155 meters below sea level) is 55.3°C (131.6°F) and the lowest is -38°C (-36.4°F).