what clouds indicate a rainstorm?

what clouds indicate a rainstorm?

what clouds indicate a rainstorm?

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Stratocumulus Clouds.  They are fluffy and relatively low to the ground

what clouds indicate rain

Stratocumulus Clouds. Stratocumulus clouds like these are often associated with rain or other types of precipitation. They are fluffy and relatively low to the ground. Clouds are visible accumulations of tiny water droplets or ice crystals in the Earth’s atmosphere.

what clouds are rain clouds

The prefix “nimbo-” or the suffix “-nimbus” are low-level clouds that have their bases below 2,000 meters (6,500 feet) above the Earth. Clouds that produce rain and snow fall into this category. (“Nimbus” comes from the Latin word for “rain.”) Two examples are the nimbostratus or cumulonimbus clouds.

what clouds make rain

Cumulonimbus clouds are also called thunderheads. Thunderheads produce rain, thunder, and lightning. Many cumulonimbus clouds occur along cold fronts, where cool air is forced under warm air.

what types of clouds are rain clouds

The prefix “nimbo-” or the suffix “-nimbus” designate two prominent kinds of rain clouds, “nimbostratus” and “cumulonimbus,” although rain sometimes falls from other cloud varieties.

do clouds produce rain

We know that not all clouds produce rain that strikes the ground. Some may produce rain or snow that evaporates before reaching the ground, and most clouds produce no precipitation at all. When rain falls, we know from measurements that the drops are larger than one millimeter.

 what clouds indicate thunderstorms

Precipitation cloud? Cumulonimbus (from Latin cumulus, “heaped” and nimbus, “rainstorm”) is a dense, towering vertical cloud, forming from water vapor carried by powerful upward air currents. If observed during a storm, these clouds may be referred to as thunderheads.
Precipitation cloud?: Very common Rain, Snow, …
Genus: Cumulonimbus (heap, rain)
Appearance: Dark-based storm cloud capable …
Altitude: 500-16,000 m; (2,000-52,000 ft)

cloud

Clouds are visible accumulations of tiny water droplets or ice crystals in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Stratocumulus Clouds

Stratocumulus clouds like these are often associated with rain or other types of precipitation. They are fluffy and relatively low to the ground.

Clouds are visible accumulations of tiny water droplets or ice crystals in the Earth’s atmosphere. Clouds differ greatly in size, shape, and color. They can appear thin and wispy, or bulky and lumpy.

Clouds usually appear white because the tiny water droplets inside them are tightly packed, reflecting most of the sunlight that hits them. White is how our eyes perceive all wavelengths of sunlight mixed together.

about to rain

When it’s about to rain, clouds darken because the water vapor is clumping together into raindrops, leaving larger spaces between drops of water. Less light is reflected. The rain cloud appears black or gray.

Clouds form when air becomes saturated, or filled, with water vapor. Warm air can hold more water vapor than cold air, so lowering the temperature of an air mass is like squeezing a sponge. Clouds are the visible result of that squeeze of cooler, moist air. Moist air becomes cloudy with only slight cooling. With further cooling, the water or ice particles that make up the cloud can grow into bigger particles that fall to Earth as precipitation.

Types of Clouds

Because certain types of clouds are associated with certain types of weather, it is possible to forecast the weather by observing and understanding these different types of clouds.

Clouds are classified into three main groups: cirrus, stratus, and cumulus.

Cirrus clouds are wispy, curly, or stringy. They are found high in the atmosphere—typically higher than 6,000 meters (20,000 feet)—and are usually made of ice crystals. Cirrus clouds usually signal clear, fair weather. Their shape often indicates the direction the wind is blowing high in the atmosphere.

Variations

Clouds are also classified according to how high they are in the atmosphere and what kind of weather they produce.

The prefix “cirro-” refers to clouds that lie more than 6,000 meters (20,000 feet) above the Earth. Cirrocumulus and cirrostratus clouds are two examples of these “high-level” clouds.

The prefix “alto-” indicates clouds whose bases are between 2,000 and 6,000 meters (6,500-20,000 feet) above the Earth, such as altocumulus and altostratus clouds. They are considered “mid-level” clouds and are mostly made of liquid water droplets, but can have some ice crystals in cold enough temperatures.

The prefix “nimbo-” or the suffix “-nimbus” are low-level clouds that have their bases below 2,000 meters (6,500 feet) above the Earth. Clouds that produce rain and snow fall into this category. (“Nimbus” comes from the Latin word for “rain.”) Two examples are the nimbostratus or cumulonimbus clouds.

Nimbostratus clouds bring continuous precipitation that can last for many hours. These low-level clouds are full of moisture.

Clouds and Weather

Certain types of clouds produce precipitation. Clouds also produce the bolt of electricity called lightning and the sound of thunder that accompanies it. Lightning is formed in a cloud when positively charged particles and negatively charged particles are separated, forming an electrical field. When the electrical field is strong enough, it discharges a superheated bolt of lightning to the Earth. Most of what we consider to be single lightning strikes are in fact three or four separate strokes of lightning.

Extraterrestrial Clouds

Clouds exist in outer space. Clouds on Jupiter, for instance, are divided into three bands in the planet’s atmosphere. The highest band, at 50 kilometers above the surface of the planet, is mostly clear.

Jupiter’s middle layer of clouds is constantly moving. These storm clouds appear as bands and swirls of yellow, brown, and red. Most of these clouds are made of droplets of ammonia and ammonia crystals, mixed with phosphorus and sulfur. (These ammonia storms would be toxic on Earth.)

Internet Cloud

“Cloud” is sometimes used as a metaphor for the Internet. The “cloud condensation nuclei” in the Internet cloud are websites around which users gather and contribute.

Contrails

Contrails (short for condensation trails) are the linear clouds left behind a jet as it flies through the high atmosphere. These manufactured clouds result when the hot air expelled from the jets engine cools and condenses in the surrounding air.

Airavata

Ancient Hindus believed the white elephant Airavata used his trunk to reach into the under world and withdraw water. Airavata then sprayed this water into the sky, creating clouds and making precipitation possible.

Interstellar clouds, which exist in the space between planets and stars, are not really clouds at all. Interstellar clouds are areas where gases and plasma are dense and, sometimes, visible. Astronomers determine what elements are present in interstellar clouds by analyzing the light, or radiation, that comes from them. Most interstellar clouds are made of hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. The dusty “milk” of the Milky Way is an interstellar cloud between the stars of our galaxy.

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