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what is the capital of australia

what is the capital of australia

what is the capital of australia?

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what is the capital of australia?

Canberra is Australia’s capital city and the eighth largest city.

The place was built in 1913 in the middle of Australia’s Cardilleries; is a designed city located 300 km south west of Sydney, two rival landmarks, 650 km north of Melbourne, in a region called the Australian Capital Territory.

The Australian Parliament is located in this city. American Walter Burley Griffin made the city’s plan. Completed in 1927, the city developed rapidly after 1945. The administrative buildings cover a large area. The commercial center is getting more and more vibrant, and this constantly growing city is constantly diversifying.

When someone asks where the capital of Australia is, most will guess Sydney or Melbourne. But they would be is wrong, as the capital of Australia in Canberra.

Why Sydney is thought to be the capital

On every traveller’s bucket list is Australia’s spectacular city, Sydney. It is the first on visitors’ minds when imagining Australia, famous for its beautiful harbourfront and sunlit skyscrapers. An essential stop on visitor’s bucket list, home to iconic attractions such as the Sydney Opera House. With no trip to Australia completely without a stop into this incredible site. Despite all this, Sydney is not the capital of the country and never has been. However, it was the oldest and one of the largest settlements in the continent, being the very first European settlement built.

what is the capital of australia
what is the capital of australia

Why did Canberra become the capital of Australia?

Canberra is far from a huge city like Sydney or Melbourne. Generally, the biggest city becomes the capital of a country. Why did Canberra become the capital of Australia, not other big cities?

Australia was a colony of UK. As with many countries that had been the colony of UK, Australia was separated in many states. So many cities wanted to become the capital. Especially, a competition between Sydney and Melbourne was heated.

Accordingly, Australians made Canberra the capital of their country, because Canberra was situated at the middle point between Sydney and Melbourne.

In Australia, the center of politics is Canberra, but the center of the economy is Sydney because Sydney has a larger population than Canberra. There is a bipolarization.

How Australia choose its capital

In 1835, they established the beginning of the renowned Melbourne city, about 47 years after Sydney. During this time the battle for the capital began, with both historic Sydney and the new location of Melbourne in the running. However, there were a number of reasons why both these two locations could not be chosen. As the capital should be a place that wasn’t near the coast, didn’t have a major settlement, and wasn’t hot in the summer.

As the English stated they could only really thrive and lead the country in colder climates. Although this is a ridiculous reason, all politicians agreed it, with them compromising not to choose either Melbourne or Sydney and finding a beautiful city that occupied a commanding position. Choosing a city between the two major cities and naming it Canberra, merging together the European ‘Cranberry’ and the Indigenous ‘Nganbra’ to create the unique title.

what is the capital of australia
what is the capital of australia


Lake Burley Griffin divides central Canberra. The central shopping and commercial area, known as “Civic”, is on the north side and the parliamentary triangle and embassy area is on the south side. National institutions are likewise divided, examples being the National Museum of Australia and the Australian War Memorial on the north side and

the National Library and National Gallery of Australia on the south side.

There are suburbs surrounding central Canberra, and also suburbs surrounding several outlying town centres. These town centres are, Belconnen and Gungahlin to the north, and Tuggeranong and Woden to the south. The ACT also has surrounding towns, such as Murrumbateman, which boasts a strong cool climate wine selection. The historic village of Hall is also on the outskirts of Canberra.

It had a population of 395,790 people at the time of the 2016 Census

local economy

The ACT has a thriving tourism industry, thanks to being home to some of Australia’s most well known landmarks, such as the Australian War Memorial and Parliament House (which is the focal point of the Australian Commonwealth Government).

The ACT has a highly educated workforce and the highest per capita income in Australia.

Meanwhile, Canberra has a booming construction industry and public sector, with over 50% of the employment in the ACT being within the public service and defense sectors.

Australia’s education capital

Close to 50 percent of Canberra residents hold a Bachelor degree, well above the national average, and one in six people either work or study at a tertiary institution. The city has a knowledge-based economy, with many residents employed in the public and professional services, and the education and training industries.

Many global companies have offices in Canberra and its strong economy, including Australia’s lowest unemployment and highest incomes, Canberra’s graduates enjoy strong employment outcomes both during study and after graduation.

Canberra also offers the highest proportion of on-campus student accommodation in Australia, with over 90 percent of new undergraduates offered guaranteed accommodation.


what is the capital of australia
what is the capital of australia

Features of Canberra

The Australian Capital Territory is the capital city of Canberra in Australia. ACT is the abbreviation. It is Australia’s smallest province with an area of 2.35 km². Canberra has a population 398,566 as of 2017.

Temperate oceanic climate effects are visible in Canberra. The city receives a high amount of rainfall. In the southern hemisphere has the lowest temperatures during the winter months. The average temperature in this period is around 5-6 degrees. In January, the hottest month, it is around 20-22 degrees.

The Australian cuisine is based on red meat, vegetables, fruit, and seafood. The center of cattle and sheep in the country is Canberra, and for this reason, it is possible to taste the finest varieties of red meat in Canberra.

Young at heart

Canberra is a young city in 2013. It’s one of only a few planned cities in the world, with a unique mix of unspoilt nature reserves, contemporary and dynamic urban spaces, and bustling precincts with a seamless integration of developed and natural elements.

With students making up approximately 25 per cent of the population, Canberra has a lower median age than many other Australian cities. Its youthful identity has seen Canberra blossom as a creative hub with first-rate cultural, social and gourmet experiences on offer.

The city’s events calendar is packed with world-class sporting events, concerts and festivals which give Canberra a level of vibrancy and sophistication seen in bigger cities – but on a smaller scale.

An exploration of Canberra’s national attractions, galleries and museums helps to tell a story that is uniquely Australian. Collectively they offer something to appeal to everyone – from dinosaurs to sculptures; animals to sport; and the ever changing line up of national and international blockbuster exhibitions.


Many people who live in Canberra are not originally from Canberra, having usually moved there to study or take up employment with the Australian Government. A common pattern is that people from other parts of Australia move to Canberra, study or work for a few years and then return to their place of origin or move on to elsewhere. As this means a constant influx of new arrivals to Canberra, you should not be reluctant to ask for directions and the like from locals – they are more than used to it and usually only too happy to help.

Canberrans on the whole are easygoing, friendly and tolerant people who have the highest levels of education and income in Australia.

Ethnically, Canberra’s population is more diverse than most regional areas of Australia, but nowhere near as culturally and linguistically varied as Sydney and Melbourne.

what is the capital of australia
what is the capital of australia

Demography of Canberra

According to census, the top five ancestries for people in the Canberra are: Australian, English, Irish, Scottish and German. The top five languages (other than English) spoken in the Canberra are: Mandarin, Vietnamese, Cantonese, Italian and Spanish. The top six countries of birth for people in the Canberra are: Australia, England, China, India, New Zealand and Vietnam.

The religious makeup of Canberra is 28.0% No religion,

26.6% Catholic, 15.1% Anglican, 7.5% Religious affiliation not stated, 3.3% Uniting Church, 2.5% Buddhism, 2.4% Presbyterian and Reformed, 2.2% Eastern Orthodox, 2.1% Christian, 2.0% Islam.

Facts About Canberra

  1. Canberra is Australia’s largest inland city and also her capital. It is located about 170 miles south-west of Sydney and 410 miles north-east of Melbourne.
  2. The city has been home to the countries Executive, Judiciary and Legislature arms of government for 100 years.
  3. Canberra has a higher percentage of volunteers than other Australian cities.
  4. And has the highest percentage of early adopters of technology and the greatest NBN take-up in Australia.
  5. Canberra has a higher percentage of volunteers than other Australian cities.
  6. In the language of the Ngunnawal people, Canberra supposedly means either “meeting place” or “women’s breasts.”
  7. Canberra covers an area of 814.2 square kilometres, and is located near the Brindabella Ranges.
  8. Canberra is a planned city and the inner-city area was originally designed by Walter Burley Griffin,

a major 20th-century American architect.

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