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what is the front of the train called
A conductor (North American English) or guard (Commonwealth English) is a train crew member responsible for operational and safety duties that do not involve actual operation of the train/locomotive. The conductor title is most common in North American railway operations, but the role is common worldwide under various job titles. In Commonwealth English, a conductor is also known as guard or train manager.
The responsibilities of a conductor or guard typically include the following:
Ensuring the train follows applicable safety rules and practices
Making sure the train stays on schedule starting from the stations
Opening and closing of power operated doors
The selling, buying, and checking of tickets, and other customer service duties
Ensuring that any cars and cargo are picked up and dropped off properly
Completing en-route paperwork
Directing the train’s movement while operating in reverse
Coupling or uncoupling cars
Assisting with setting out or picking up of rolling stock
Some rapid transit systems employ conductors to make announcements and open and close doors—as opposed to an engineer performing those duties. The conductor often stays in the center of the train where they can best view the platform. While advances in automation allow most transit systems to use one person train operation (OPTO), a few, such as the New York City Subway, Toronto Transit Commission and Sydney Trains continue to employ conductors.
Conductor is also a crew member in some bus, trolleybus or tram operations.
Chugging across short distances or entire continents
Chugging across short distances or entire continents, trains act as a major form of transportation worldwide. Also called railroads or railways, trains carry within their cars passengers or freight — such as raw materials, supplies or finished goods — and sometimes both.
Back before the wild ideas of people like the Wright brothers, Henry Ford and Gottlieb Daimler, you had limited options for traveling around town and country. Paved roadways didn’t always crisscross the countryside. Even with roads, horse-drawn vehicles still struggled to move people and goods, especially in bad weather.
As early as 1550, pragmatic Germans constructed and used wooden railway systems, reasoning that horse-drawn wagons and carts could travel more easily and quickly over wooden rails than dirt roads. By the late 1700s, iron wheels and rails had one-upped wooden ones.
But it wasn’t until the steam locomotive was invented in 1797 in England that the railroad as we know it began to take shape. The Stockton & Darlington Railroad Company in England became the first public railroad to carry passengers and freight.
Steam-powered locomotives carried six coal cars and up to 450 passengers a distance of 9 miles (14 kilometers) in less than an hour. Horses just couldn’t top that.
Across the ocean, the B&O Railroad Company established itself as the first U.S. railroad company in 1827. By 1860, U.S. rail workers had laid more than 30,000 miles (48,280 kilometers) of track, more than in the entire world Railroads served as the main mode of transportation and made it cheap and easy to ship supplies and goods, even for Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War.
After the Civil War(what is the front of the train called)
After the Civil War, the U.S. railroad network expanded again, and the country’s first transcontinental railway was completed in 1869. Towns sprouted along the railway lines, and the railroad hastened westward expansion.
By the early 20th century, U.S. railroads operated 254,000 miles (408,773 kilometers) of track. Diesel locomotives had replaced steam ones.
But by the mid-20th century, the decline of the U.S. railroads had begun. A developed interstate highway system and extensive federal regulations took their toll on trains.
In the ongoing energy crisis, however, trains, which run on diesel and sometimes even biodiesel fuel, may regain their former popularity with passengers as we move through the 21st century.
Don’t get derailed. Stick around as we talk about train technology, how trains move people and freight, and what the future of rail transportation may hold.
Railway trains(what is the front of the train called)
Railway trains are a mode of transportation that provide flexibility, convenience, and fast, safe, reliable, and comfortable features. Railway train systems have been vigorously developed in recent years.
However, railway disasters occur frequently, causing significant casualties, economic losses, and social impact. On October 12, 2018, a high-speed ICE train caught fire on its journey between Frankfurt and Cologne, Germany (Figure 1), causing no injuries but leading to delays along the well-traveled route.
The train was halted, and emergency crews evacuated all 510 people on board.
Disasters can be caused by either natural or man-made factors , and they include natural disasters, vehicle failures, operational errors, terrorist attacks, and other factors. Hence, issues regarding passenger evacuation have received increasing attention.
As you can see, there are many different components that make up a steam locomotive. Here is a quick breakdown as to why each piece is important or even worth mentioning.
Headlamp – Projects light at the front of the locomotive.
Marker Jewel – Also called classification lights, they are typically green, red, or amber and indicate the schedule of the train.
Smoke Stack – The place where the smoke leaves the boiler.
Bell – Mostly used when a train is approaching a railroad crossing, grade crossing, or a level crossing. They may also ring if they are approaching a station or moving at a slow speed.
Sand Dome – Sand is stored here, at the top of the engine, to help provide traction on the rails.
Steam Dome – This is at the top of the engine and contains the main steam pipe, which should be kept above the water level in the boiler.
Whistle – This signaling device is used to communicate with rail workers or warn others if a train is approaching.
Cab – This is the crew and driver’s compartment which has the controls for the locomotive to operate.
Struts – On the window as a separation piece.
Ashpan – An ashpan is mounted underneath the firebox on a steam locomotive to catch hot embers, ashes, or any other solid combustion waste that may fall through the grates.
Trailing Truck – This truck helps support the weight of the cab and the firebox.
Drive Rod – This steel arm converts the horizontal motion into a rotary motion of the driver wheels.
Eccentric Crank and Rod – The rod that is in front of the wheels is connected to the crank on the back part of the wheels. The crank is connected to the pin of the driver to help operate the valve gear. When in motion, it moves in an elliptical path.
Driver – The drivers are the wheels that move the locomotive and are balanced with weights to help reduce unwanted motion the engine may experience.
Valve Gear – Controls the running direction and power of the locomotive with the system of rods and linkages synchronizing the valves that release and exhaust steam from the cylinders.
Steam Chest – This valve chamber contains a passageway to help distribute steam to the cylinders with the pistons, which it is adjacent to.
Pilot Truck – This truck takes some of the load of the front of the locomotive and helps guide the locomotive when going into a curve or to help deliver a smoother transition altogether.
Pilot/Cow Catcher – Mounted on the front of the locomotive, the purpose of the pilot is to help deflect obstacles on the track that may derail the train otherwise.
How Are Steam Locomotives Named?
Depending on where you are located, steam locomotives can be named differently, but often follow the Whyte notion. The Whyte notion classifies steam engines, as well as some internal combustion engines, by their wheel arrangements.
In order to follow the Whyte notion, you have to count the number of leading wheels, then the number of driving wheels, and finish with the number of trailing wheels.
Do the Number Of Wheels Change How the Engine Runs?
As a matter of fact, yes. There are different wheel combinations that can alter how a train operates based on speed, turn radius, or holding the weight of a locomotive. The leading wheels help to guide the locomotive during high speed and the trailing wheels support the firebox. The driver wheels transmit the engine’s power to the rails and as a general rule of thumb the bigger the driver wheel, the faster the engine.
Do Articulated Locomotives Follow the Same Rules?
Articulated locomotives are two locos that have been efficiently joined by a common boiler. They do follow the same rules as a normal locomotive, but they would use a plus sign, +, in order to separate the two locomotives. The plus symbol represents the bond that links the two engines together; carrying the boiler.
What Are the Suffixes for the Whyte notation?
Most times, when a locomotive has a suffix, it is easier to identify the purpose or difference in each engine. Here are some examples:
VB or VBT = vertical boilered locomotive
F = fireless locomotive
R = rack locomotive
G = geared steam locomotive
C = crane tank
No suffix = tender locomotive
T = a tank locomotive, which can possibly indicate the type to tank locomotive as well. For example:
T = side tank
PT = pannier tank
ST = saddle tank
IST = inverted saddle tank
WT = well tank
T+T = tank locomotive that also has a tender
As you can see, there are many different components that go into the anatomy of a steam locomotive and its naming process. Did you learn anything new? We hope so! Make sure to stay tuned on more train anatomy lessons ahead!
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