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what is the state flower of illinois?
Illinois State Flower
Official State Flower of Illinois
Illinois designated the violet (Viola sp.) as the official state flower in 1908.
All State Flowers
In 1907 Illinois schoolchildren voted to select the violet as the state flower
and the native oak as state tree (other contenders for state flower were the wild rose and goldenrod).
There are eight different species of blue-flowering violets in Illinois;
the most common is the dooryard violet.
The incentive for adopting state flowers was inspired during the 1893 World‘s Fair in Chicago. Illinois was the first of 4 eastern states to officially adopt the common violet as the state flower (Illinois, New Jersey, Rhode Island and Wisconsin).
What is the State Flower of Illinois?
The Violet is the state flower of Illinois. Its scientific name is Viola sororia.
It belongs to Violaceae family. Viola is the genus of the violet flower .
and its species is Viola sororia. The Illinois’s state flower Violet is commonly known as Viola sororia.
common blue violet, common meadow violet, and purple violet.
As a perennial flowering plant Viola sororia it is native to the most of eastern North America.
On the basis of the above the state authority designated the Purple Violet or Violet as the Illinois State Flower on January 21.
State Flower of Illinois Facts:
- Genus: Viola
- Species: Viola sororia
- Found in: native to the most of eastern North America
- Color: Medium to dark violet
- Number of petals: 5
- Period of blooming: March to June
- Purpose: Ornamental
- Symbolism: Beauty and modesty of a young girl.
The Illinois’s state flower
Violet is an herbaceous perennial plant with the leaves and blossoms are budding directly from the bulbs.
and outward appearance a basal decoration.
The leaves are singly up to 3″ long and 3″ across without the long petioles.
The leaves color of the violet plants are mostly varies from yellowish green to dark green.
which is depending on growing conditions.
It is nearly in oval-ovate to orbicular-cordate in shape and crenate or dents along the margins.
Some of the different populace of plants can varies of their leaves those are hairiness – from nearly glabrous to noticeably hairy or pubertal.
The Illinois’s state flower Violet are about
three forth inch transversely, and having 5 rounded petals.
The arrangements of 5 petals are 2 upper and 2 lateral petals with white hairs or beards near the esophagus of the flower.
The rest one is a lower order, which is functioning as landing terminals for visiting insects. The flowers of Viola sororia are medium to dark violet in color.
The inner gullet of each flower is mostly white and from which is a little shady stratum emit outward along the petals predominantly the lower one.
The Purple violet or violet flower has no conspicuous fragrance.
The blooming period transpires from mid- to late spring.
and stays about one to one and half months.
the self pollinating flowers without petals generate seeds.
which are hurling outward by perfunctory expulsion from the tri-parted seed capsules.
The root system having of thick, horizontally branched of rhizomes; which has an affinity to creates vegetative camps.
Illinois State Flower
the wild rose, and the violet.
Blue-flowering violets are the most popular state flower.
Four eastern states have selected the violet as their official state flower.
With eight different species of violets growing in abundance throughout Illinois, the choice was a natural one.
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Violet photograph by Hans
USA Facts for Kids Photo Credits
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