what is the temperature of a pizza oven?
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what is the temperature of a pizza oven?
‘The best wood-fired oven temperature to cook the perfect pizza is between 340˚C and 400˚C,’ says Biasetti, ‘and my preferred temperature is 350˚C”.’ This temperature will cook your pizza in just 90 seconds, resulting in a crisp base and perfectly melted mozzarella.
‘The temperature doesn’t vary between types of pizza,’ which means whether it’s a Neapolitan or a New York style pizza, this should be the pizza oven temperature you’re aiming for.
What is the Right Temperature to Cook Pizza in a Wood Fired Pizza Oven?
To achieve these amazing characteristics, your pizza oven needs to be at the optimum temperature.
450°C / 843°F
The magic temperature is 450 degree Celsius or 843 degrees Farenheit for our American readers.
For those using a stainless steel pizza oven like the Flaming Coals one as pictured you would read the temperature off of the provided thermometer that is included on the oven door. In this image you can see that the is hanging from its storage hook.
The Best Temperature For Cooking Deep Dish Pizza
When trying to determine the best temperature for cooking deep dish pizza, consider using a relatively low oven temperature of about 375 degrees Fahrenheit. This will give you a crispy outer crust with a soft, gooey inside that melts in your mouth.
But keep in mind that some toppings may take longer than others to cook through so tinker with this factor as needed.
For instance, fresh mushrooms release moisture and need more time to cook than shredded cheese does. Just be careful not to overcook your pizza or the crust will be too crispy and hard.
What Is the Best Temperature to Cook a Frozen Pizza?
Frozen foods are commonly associated with poor quality, flatness, and a limp profile, among other undesirable terms. However, most of us never realize that whatever lies within the freezer does not have to scare the hell out of us. There are some tips and tricks on how you can cook your frozen pizza in the ideal heat setting.
The first step in dealing with a frozen piece of pizza is to let it thaw a couple of hours prior to throwing it into the oven. Better still, you can leave it in the refrigerator the night before. This prevents any contamination compared to when left outside.
Next, you can poke some holes within the pizza’s crust using a kitchen knife. These holes enable the pizza to get some ventilation. It allows the steam to escape, thus getting rid of extra moisture. Finally, you need to crank up your oven to the maximum temperature (most home ovens reach 550 degrees Fahrenheit). You can add some garlic or olive oil over the crust prior to placing it into the oven.
Temperature to Cook a Frozen Pizza
This will preheat the oven in preparation for the pizza. However, you can go higher than that. Some professional pizza companies have ovens capable of attaining temperatures of 700 to 1000 F. After taking the pizza out, you can drizzle some olive oil & lemon juice over the entire pizza to offer it a fresh taste.
Now, if you are a real pizza connoisseur like myself, you won’t bother with frozen pizza at all and opt for baking your own pizza from scratch. At the very least, get a premade crust and use all fresh ingredients. There is nothing like fresh tomatoes and newly grated cheese on top of a delicious pie right out of the oven.
How Does Temperature Affect Pizza Baking?
Oven temperature can improve or reduce the appearance, taste and texture of your pizza crust.
Cooking at the right temperature won’t just affect how your pizza looks, it will also affect how it tastes.
For example, cooking your pizza at a high temperature will give it a crispy crust while cooking it at a low temperature will give it a soft and doughy crust.
So if you’re looking for different textures and flavors in your pizza, adjust the oven temperature accordingly to get the results you’re looking for.
A hot oven creates beautiful bubbles in dough while baking quickly. This results in a puffy looking crust with lots of air pockets inside which seem to be hollow once cooked thoroughly. Such type of dough is easier to digest and tasty too!
On the other hand, when baked at lower temperatures, more moisture gets evaporated from dough. This lower level of moisture directly affects the texture and taste of your dough, making it harder to digest.
So, it is always advised to bake pizza dough at a higher temperature for the best results.
How Hot Should A Pizza Oven Be?
If you build up the fire to be slightly hotter than you are cooking, it will make it easier to maintain a good cooking temperature over the cooking period.
Aim for 850F (450C), allow it to burn there for 20 minutes and then start cooking, maintaining the temperature above 750F (400C).
This will cook pizzas in around 90 seconds. If you have the oven around 650F (350C) then you might wait around 4 minutes for the pizza to cook. This will change the dynamic of the pizza as mentioned above, to a dryer crust. The fast cooking ensures the crust has a lovely tender interior, yet a crisp edge.
Here’s a useful table I made to get an idea of cooking temperatures in a wood fired oven. You can see the temperatures needed for different types of food. If you want some recipe ideas for other food to cook in your oven, I wrote an article 25 Foods To Cook In Your Pizza Oven (With Recipes). There is so much more you can cook inside which you don’t realize!
|Fahrenheit||Celsius||Style Of Cooking||What To Cook|
|750°F +||400°C+||Pizza cooking||Pizza, garlic bread, naan bread|
|540 – 600°F||280 – 320°C||Grilling||Steak, sardines, shrimp|
|450 – 540°F||230 – 280°C||Roasting||Turkey, Roast potatoes, whole fish|
|400 – 450°F||200 – 230°C||Baking Bread||Sourdough, pizza rolls, foccacia|
|320 – 400°F||160 – 200°C||Baking Desserts||Carrot cake,
cinnamon rolls, strawberry cobbler
|210 – 250°F||100 – 120°C||Slow cooking||Pulled pork, BBQ ribs, stews|
Why is pizza cooked at such a high temperature?
In short, cooking pizza at a high temperature makes the best pizza!
This is because:
- It ensures the pizza is crispy (especially the base and the crust)
- It gets the best rise out of the crust (and the softest interior)
- improves the flavour of the dough
- The sauce will be cooked properly
- The cheese will be melted and evenly distributed
- The toppings will be cooked through
A pizza oven needs to be hot to create the perfect pizza
Most commercial pizza ovens cook at temperatures ranging from 700 to 800 degrees. When you make this food product at home, you need to cook at temperatures ranging between 450 to 500 degrees. However, if you’re cooking a pizza with a thicker crust (such as a deep dish style), you may need to set the temperature to 400 degrees. Finding the right baking temperature is essential. You want the pizza to cook completely and the cheese to melt, but you don’t want the oven too hot or the crust will burn. Making pizza is a delicate process that can take time and practice to master.
The main reason that this product is cooked at such high temperatures is that heat creates the perfect pizza. When you cook this product at the right temperature, the crust gets the correct amount of crispy texture, without being brittle or dry. Crust is one of the best parts of a great pizza, and a high temperature creates perfectly cooked crust.
Another reason to bake this product in a very hot oven is cooking cheese properly. If you cook in a cooler oven, the cheese may not melt completely, leaving cold spots on the top. A high oven temperature ensures hot, evenly melted cheese over the entire pizza.
how long should I cook my homemade pizza for?
It is difficult to give the exact time it takes to cook your homemade pizza but as a rough guide, it usually takes about 6 – 10 minutes in a domestic oven.
The cooking time will depend on a number of factors, including:
- The maximum temperature of your oven
- Whether you have a fan assisted oven or not
- The thickness of your pizza
- Where the pizza is placed in the oven (top, middle, or bottom)
- Whether you have a pizza stone or not
Unfortunately, I do not have an exact answer and it mainly comes down to trial and error. You will need to figure out what your oven is capable of and how it cooks homemade pizza.
The best advice I can give you is to stay at the oven whilst your pizza is cooking and keep checking it. Try to avoid opening the door too much, however, as this will cause the temperature inside the oven to drop.
how long should I cook my homemade pizza for?
If your oven door has a window, then you can easily check the pizza through this.
Timing your pizza is helpful for future reference. I recommend leaving the oven door shut for at least 4 – 5 minutes initially. This will ensure that the base cooks properly.
After 4 – 5 minutes, the pizza should be mostly cooked but it will probably need turning 180 degrees to make sure it is cooked evenly.
Usually the pizza cooks more at the back of the oven but your oven may be different. You may find that the pizza cooks more on the left or the right.
It’s amazing how much you learn about your oven when cooking pizza!
You can turn the pizza as much as you want toward the end of the cooking to try get it as even as possible. Remember not to leave the oven door open though!