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Boundaries between the continents of Earth
The boundary between Asia and Europe is unusual among continental boundaries. It is because of its largely mountain-and-river-based characteristics north and east of the Black Sea. The reason is historical, the division of Asia and Europe going back to the early Greek geographers.
In the modern sense of the term “continent”, Eurasia is more readily identifiable as a “continent”. Europe has occasionally been described as a subcontinent of Eurasia.
The modern border between Asia and Europe is a historical and cultural construct. For that reason, its definition has varied. One commonly accepted border follows the Aegean Sea, the Dardanelles–Sea of Marmara–Bosporus (together known as the Turkish Straits), the Black Sea, along the watershed of the Greater Caucasus, the northwestern portion of the Caspian Sea, and along the Ural River and Ural Mountains to the Kara Sea, as mapped. They are listed in most atlases including that of the National Geographic Society and as described in The World Factbook. According to this particular definition, Georgia is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia.
However, its Kazbegi Municipality, Khevsureti, and Tusheti are located north of the Greater Caucasus Watershed. Thus, placing around 5% of the country’s total territory in Europe. Due to historical, cultural, religious, and political reasons, the country is sometimes regarded as a European country. Azerbaijan is another transcontinental country located mainly on the Asian portion of the Caucasus. However, its Khachmaz, Quba, Qusar, Shabran, and Siazan districts are located north of the Greater Caucasus Watershed, thus placing a population of about half a million (or ca. 5% of the country’s total population) in Europe.
The Strait That Separates Europe and Asia Turned a Brilliant Turquoise
A NASA satellite has spotted something brilliant from space: a stunning turquoise color in the Black Sea and the Bosphorus, the strait which separates Asia from Europe. The temporary turquoise was sighted by NASA’s Aqua satellite, which circle Earth looking for information about its waters. The turquoise whorls and eddies visible from space are the work of phytoplankton that have turned the water both bright and milky.
The turquoise is thought to be due to an explosive growth in phytoplankton known as a bloom. During a bloom, the tiny aquatic organisms reproduce quickly and in huge numbers. These changes are seasonal but can also take place in response to changes in nutrient availability and water temperature.
In this case, scientists think that the colorful plankton are coccolithophores. These single-celled creatures produce quite the spectacle when they gather en masse. As NASA’s Earth Observatory notes, they live on the surface in places with mild temperatures. They can multiply rapidly, outcompeting other plankton.
Since coccolithophores are surrounded by a protective shell of calcium, they reflect light and are easily spotted from space. Scientists think that the recent rapid growth in coccolithophore populations is due to climate change.
They may be tiny, but the phytoplankton have a big effect on Earth itself. First of all, they chow down on carbon—and though they also generate CO2 using compounds already in the ocean, they are thought to cool Earth by reflecting lots of light back to space.
In a release, NASA says that the bloom is the brightest since at least 2012. And locals are taking note, too: NPR’s Laurel Walmsley reports that the vivid color caused some distress to Istanbul residents, who wondered if the region’s recent 6.2-magnitude earthquake was to blame. But the blue hue is due to another force of nature—and the colorful show will likely fade as the phytoplankton die off.
What are the two things that separates Asia from Europe?
The Ural Mountains and the Caucasus Mountains separate Europe from Asia.
What two ranges separate Europe and Asia?
Ural Mountains, which form the boundary between Europe and Asia. Caucasus Mountains, which also separate Europe and Asia, and are the namesake of the Caucasian race. Carpathian Mountains, a major mountain range in Central and Southern Europe.
Who separates the continents in Asia and Europe?
This division comes from the ancient Greeks, who saw their own land Greece in Europe, and the land mass across the (Aegaean) Sea, they called Asia. At the beginning, they did not know that Europe and Asia are connected beyond the Black Sea.
And when the geographical knowledge increased step by step, the division in Europe and Asia was not abandoned, but extended to other natural borders such as mountains (Ural) etc.
Which sea separates Asia Africa and Europe?
Mediterranean Sea, an intercontinental sea that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean on the west to Asia on the east. And it is separates Europe from Africa. It has often been called the incubator of Western civilization.
Mediterranean Sea, an intercontinental sea that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean on the west to Asia on the east and separates Europe from Africa. It has often been called the incubator of Western civilization. This ancient “sea between the lands” occupies a deep, elongated and almost landlocked irregular depression lying between latitudes 30° and 46° N and longitudes 5°50′ W and 36° E. Its west-east extent—from the Strait of Gibraltar between Spain and Morocco to the shores of the Gulf of Iskenderun on the southwestern coast of Turkey. It is approximately 2,500 miles (4,000 km). Its average north-south extent, between Croatia’s southernmost shores and Libya, is about 500 miles (800 km). The Mediterranean Sea, including the Sea of Marmara, occupies an area of approximately 970,000 square miles (2,510,000 square km).
The western extremity of the Mediterranean Sea connects with the Atlantic Ocean by the narrow and shallow channel of the Strait of Gibraltar, which is roughly 8 miles (13 km) wide at its narrowest point; and the depth of the sill, or submarine ridge separating the Atlantic from the Alborán Sea, is about 1,050 feet (320 metres). To the northeast the Mediterranean is connected with the Black Sea through the Dardanelles (with a sill depth of 230 feet [70 metres]), the Sea of Marmara, and the strait of the Bosporus (sill depth of about 300 feet [90 metres]). To the southeast it is connected with the Red Sea by the Suez Canal.
What are the natural boundaries of Europe?
Europe is a peninsula of the Eurasian supercontinent. Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas to the south.
What boundaries separate Europe from Asia?
There are different geographical boundaries that separate Europe from Asia such as the Dardanelles, Bosphorus, and the Caucasus. There are some people who try to cross the border but this will not be possible unless they have the right documents. That will prove that they can visit the country that they want to enter from where they are from.
What is the eastern border and separates Europe from Asia?
Europe’s eastern frontier is delineated by the Ural Mountains in Russia. The southeast boundary with Asia is not universally defined, but the modern definition is generally the Ural River or, less commonly, the Emba River.
Which country forms a bridge between Europe and Asia?
The Bosphorus Bridge, known officially as the 15 July Martyrs Bridge. It unofficially as the First Bridge, is one of the three suspension bridges spanning the Bosphorus strait in Istanbul, Turkey, thus connecting Europe and Asia. The bridge extends between Ortaköy and Beylerbeyi. It is a gravity-anchored suspension bridge with steel towers and inclined hangers. The aerodynamic deck hangs on steel cables. It is 1,560 m long with a deck width of 33.40 m. The distance between the towers is 1,074 m.
Why is Europe Considered a Separate Continent from Asia?
Europe is considered a separate continent from Asia. It is because of its distinct historical, cultural, and political identity, rather than any clear geographical demarcation.
Eurasia forms one single landmass, therefore, the debate on why Europe should be considered a separate continent from Asia has been going on for a long time. The Greek mariners in the 6th century B.C. were the first to name and map land and sea navigational routes and were also the first to name the two continents. Since that time till now, geographers have failed to come to a clear conclusion on what really separates Europe from Asia.
There have been attempts at defining physical boundaries following the Ural mountain watershed as the separating physical feature between the two continents. However, the path followed by the Ural River that flows into the Caspian sea has been unclear for demarcation.
Attempts at using the Caspian sea as a demarcation have also been inconclusive due to the ambiguity regarding Georgia since it could be interpreted as being part of either continent. Cyprus is another country whose location is a subject of interpretation on whether it is part of Europe or Asia. A large part of Turkey lies in Asia, however, culturally and politically. It has been closer to Europe and therefore sees itself as a European country.
Identifying the dividing line between continents on geographical lines is ambiguous. Therefore, the subject of Europe as a separate continent from Asia is left to historical, cultural, and political identity. Based on this, most present-day geographers have largely agreed that Europe and Asia are separate continents. Although, they remain part of a single landmass.
The definition of a continent is itself a matter of interpretation and debate and finding consensus between geographers to arrive at a clear definition has remained elusive. In the meanwhile, Europe and Asia remain separate continents.