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what state is washington dc in

what state is washington dc in

what state is washington dc in

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia, also known as just Washington or just D.C., is the capital city and only federal district of the United States.[9] It is located on the east bank of the Potomac River, which forms its southwestern and southern border with the U.S. state of Virginia, and shares a land border with the U.S. state of Maryland on its remaining sides.

The city was named for George Washington, a Founding Father and the first president of the United States,[10] and the federal district is named after Columbia, a female personification of the nation. As the seat of the U.S. federal government and several international organizations, the city is an important world political capital.[11] It is one of the most visited cities in the U.S., seeing over 20 million visitors in 2016.[12][13]

The U.S. Constitution provides for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of Congress; the district is therefore not a part of any U.S. state (nor is it one itself). The signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River near the country’s East Coast. The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the national capital, and Congress held its first session there in 1800.


In 1801, the territory, formerly part of Maryland and Virginia (including the settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria), officially became recognized as the federal district. Congress returned the land originally ceded by Virginia, including the city of Alexandria in 1846. In 1871, it created a single municipal government for the remaining portion of the district. There have been efforts to make the city into a state since the 1880s, a movement that has gained momentum in recent years, and a statehood bill passed the House of Representatives in 2021.[14]

what state is washington dc in
what state is washington dc in

The city is divided into quadrants centered on the Capitol Building, and there are as many as 131 neighborhoods. According to the 2020 Census, it has a population of 689,545,[2] which makes it the 20th-most populous city in the U.S., third-most populous city in both the Mid-Atlantic and Southeast, and gives it a population larger than that of two U.S. states: Wyoming and Vermont.[15]

Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city’s daytime population to more than one million during the workweek.[16] Washington’s metropolitan area, the country’s sixth-largest (including parts of Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia), had a 2019 estimated population of 6.3 million residents.[17]

Three branches of the U.S. federal government

The three branches of the U.S. federal government are centered in the district: Congress (legislative), the president (executive), and the Supreme Court (judicial). Washington is home to many national monuments and museums, primarily situated on or around the National Mall. The city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profits, lobbying groups, and professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, the AARP, the National Geographic Society, the Human Rights Campaign, the International Finance Corporation, and the American Red Cross.

A locally elected mayor and a 13-member council have governed the district since 1973. Congress maintains supreme authority over the city and may overturn local laws. D.C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the district has no representation in the Senate. District voters choose three presidential electors in accordance with the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961.

Character of the city

Washington is an extraordinary city, one with multiple personalities: a working federal city, an international metropolis, a picturesque tourist destination, an unmatched treasury of the country’s history and artifacts, and a cosmopolitan centre that retains a neighbourly small-town ambience. The role Washington plays as the capital of the United States often overshadows its lively local history and its complex political, economic, and social issues. About half the land in Washington is owned by the U.S. government, which pays no taxes on it. Several hundred thousand people in the D.C. metropolitan area work for the federal government.

During the last half of the 20th century, “suburban flight” of the middle class contributed to the city’s loss of more than one-fourth of its population. As new jobs, especially those in the high-technology industries, were created in Maryland and Virginia, the population of the suburbs increased as much as 50 percent per decade. By the first decade of the 21st century, however, Washington’s population began to increase as younger workers moved into revitalized city neighbourhoods. Despite these shifts in population, the economies of the District and those of nearby Maryland and Virginia remain interdependent.


After the American Civil War (1861–65), the city of Washington expanded beyond its originally planned boundaries and became legally indistinguishable from the District of Columbia. Washington, D.C., remains a territory, not a state, and since 1974 it has been governed by a locally elected mayor and city council over which Congress retains the power of veto.

The Washington metropolitan area covers nearly 4,000 square miles (10,360 square km) and encompasses 10 counties, 5 in Maryland (Montgomery, Prince George’s, Frederick, Charles, and Calvert) and 5 in Virginia (Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, Stafford, and Prince William). Area District, 68 square miles (176 square km). Pop. (2000) 572,059; Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metro Division, 3,727,565; Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metro Area, 4,796,183; (2010) 601,723; Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metro Division, 4,377,088; Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metro Area, 5,582,170.

what state is washington dc in
what state is washington dc in

Which State Is Washington, D.C. In?

Washington D.C. is not located in any of the 50 US states. It is located in the District of Columbia, which is what D.C. stands for.Originally, the seat of the government of the United States was located in Philadelphia, where members of the Continental Congress met. But shortly after the Revolutionary War, the Continental Congress saw the need to create a capital that would not be dependent on or beholden to any of the US states. In 1790, a deal was struck among America’s Founding Fathers that called for the building of a new, permanent capital and federal district in an underdeveloped area consisting of land belonging to the US states of Maryland and Virginia. This area would eventually become Washington D.C., the current capital of the United States of America.

How Washington D.C. Became The US Capital

Before Washington D.C. became the capital of the United States, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania served as the country’s capital. It made sense at the time to have the capital in Philadelphia since it was accessible to both the Northern states, in which slavery was illegal, and the Southern states, where the practice of slavery permitted. But the city’s status as the US capital became problematic when the Philadelphia Munity took place in 1783.

In 1783, the Continental Congress was struggling to figure out how to pay the troops who fought against the British during the Revolutionary War. Upset over not paid, a group of soldiers from Lancaster, Pennsylvania marched to Philadelphia and blocked the doors of the Congress. At the same time, the Governor of Pennsylvania refused to use state troops to protect the federal lawmakers. Eventually, members of Congress snuck out of the Continental Congress building. Now called Independence Hall, and traveled to Princeton, New Jersey.


In the following years, the Congress traveled to other US cities. New York City the last locale visited by the Congress. Though delegates did travel back to Philadelphia to draw up the US Constitution in 1787. In order to prevent crises similar to the Philadelphia Mutiny in the future. An article added to the Constitution that allowed Congress to create a special federal district. That would be under the direct control of federal authorities. Without having to depend on a state government for protection. But where would such a district placed?


Washington has a humid subtropical climate typical of the Mid-Atlantic U.S., with four distinct seasons. Summer tends to be hot and humid with daily high temperatures in July and August averaging in the high 80s° to low 90s° F (about 30° to 33° C). The combination of heat and humidity makes thunderstorms very frequent in the summer. Some of which occasionally produce tornadoes in the area. Spring and fall are mild with high temperatures in April and October averaging in the high 60s° Fahrenheit (about 20 °C).

The weather

Winter brings cool temperatures and occasional snowfall. Average highs tend to be in the 40s (4 to 8 °C). And lows in the 20s (-6 to -2 °C). From mid December to mid February. While hurricanes (or the remnants of them) occasionally track through the area in the late summer and early fall. They have often weakened by the time they reach Washington. Spring is generally the most favorable time of year, with low humidity, mild temperatures and blooming foliage. This period generally lasts from late March until mid May.

what state is washington dc in
what state is washington dc in

The average annual snowfall is 15  inches (381  mm). And the average high temperature in January is 43 °F (6 °C); the average low for January is 27 °F (-3 °C). The highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) on July 20, 1930 and August 6, 1918. And the lowest recorded temperature was -15 °F (-26 °C) on February 11, 1899.

Does Washington, DC vote for US president?

Yes. The 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution adopted in 1961. Giving Washington has three electoral votes for president and vice president.

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