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where is benedict arnold buried

where is benedict arnold buried


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On September 21, 1780

On September 21, 1780, Revolutionary War hero Benedict Arnold turned his back on his country in a secret meeting with a top British official. So how did Arnold, with his patriot’s pedigree, become the most hated man in America?

Historians have several theories about why Arnold became a traitor:

Historians have several theories about why Arnold became a traitor:

greed; mounting debt; resentment of other officers; a hatred of the Continental Congress; and a desire for the colonies to remain under British rule. The September 21 meeting with British Major John Andre was a disaster for both men.
Arnold was descended from a Rhode Island founding family.

The major general led and served with honor at Ticonderoga, Quebec and Saratoga.

But Arnold often fought with other officers and Congress. American commander George Washington understood Arnold’s shortcomings but valued his usefulness on the battlefield.
When Washington then asked Arnold to rejoin his Army as a top commander,

Arnold instead requested command of the Hudson Valley region and the facility at West Point, New York.
Andre was a top aide to British commander Sir Henry Clinton. The young major also led the British spy network and had been in secret talks with Arnold for some time.

the British, and many Americans blamed Arnold for the death of the popular Major Andre(where is benedict arnold buried)

The British, and many Americans blamed Arnold for the death of the popular Major Andre, and many people resented that it was Andre, and not Arnold, who swung from the gallows.
On September 21,

with the help of a loyalist associate, Joshua Hett Smith, Arnold and Andre had met near the Hudson River at Smith’s house. The men had corresponded using coded letters. Arnold would arrange for the British to easily take over the American facility of West Point, which Arnold commanded.

The price was 20,000 pounds and a British military command for Arnold.


The British believed the acquisition of West Point would give their military control of the Hudson Valley(where is benedict arnold buried)

The British believed the acquisition of West Point would give their military control of the Hudson Valley, a potentially important blow to American independence. But fate conspired against both men.


The Americans quickly discovered the plot and Arnold was able to flee on the same ship that carried Andre up the Hudson River.

Washington reportedly authorized kidnap plots to seize Arnold for execution


As a British commander, Arnold led forays into Virginia and Connecticut, and he was able to flee to Britain after the war concluded.
Later in life, Arnold failed in several business ventures in Britain and Canada, and he died in England in 1801.

One Massachusetts newspaper noted his passing with one line: “In England, Brigadier General Benedict Arnold, notorious throughout the world.”

In popular culture, the words “Benedict Arnold” became synonymous with treason

In popular culture, the words “Benedict Arnold” became synonymous with treason or becoming a traitor.
Back in 1781, Benjamin Franklin wrote to the Marquis De Lafayette about Arnold’s treason, after American agents seized a letter that said Arnold only received 5,000 pounds for his acts.


Was Benedict Arnold a tall man?

That Benedict Arnold was listed as coming from Norwalk, not Norwich, Connecticut. And at 5’9″ that Benedict Arnold was above average height for a British-American of his time, not “middling” or “something below the middle height.”



What happened at the Battle of Yorktown?(where is benedict arnold buried)

Siege of Yorktown, (September 28–October 19, 1781), joint Franco-American land and sea campaign that entrapped a major British army on a peninsula at Yorktown, Virginia, and forced its surrender. The siege virtually ended military operations in the American Revolution.


Hero of the American Revolution(where is benedict arnold buried)

When the Revolutionary War broke out between Great Britain and its 13 American colonies in April 1775, Arnold joined the Continental Army. Acting under a commission from the revolutionary government of Massachusetts,

Arnold partnered with Vermont frontiersman Ethan Allen (1738-89) and Allen’s Green Mountain Boys to capture the unsuspecting British garrison at Fort Ticonderoga in upstate New York on May 10, 1775.


Later that year(where is benedict arnold buried)

Later that year, Arnold led an ill-fated expedition on a harrowing trek from Maine to Quebec. The purpose of the expedition was to rally the inhabitants of Canada behind the Patriot cause and deprive the British government of a northern base from which to mount strikes into the 13 colonies.




By the later part of 1776

By the later part of 1776, Arnold had recovered sufficiently from his wound to once again take the field.

He played a crucial role in hindering a British invasion from Canada into New York in the autumn of that year.

Correctly predicting that British General Guy Carleton (1724-1808) would sail an invading force down Lake Champlain, Arnold supervised the hasty construction of an American flotilla on that lake to meet Carleton’s fleet.

On October 11, 1776, the American fleet surprised its foe near Valcour Bay.

Although Carleton’s flotilla drove the Americans away, Arnold’s action delayed Carleton’s approach long enough that, by the time the British general reached New York, the battle season was near an end, and the British had to return to Canada.

Arnold’s performance at the Battle of Lake Champlain rescued the Patriot cause from potential disaster.



Despite his heroic service

Despite his heroic service, Arnold felt he did not receive the recognition he deserved. He resigned from the Continental Army in 1777 after Congress promoted five junior officers above him.

General George Washington (1732-99), the commander in chief of the Continental Army, urged Arnold to reconsider.

Arnold rejoined the army in time to participate in the defense of central New York from an invading British force under General John Burgoyne in the fall of 1777.
In the battles against Burgoyne, Arnold served under General Horatio Gates (1728-1806),

an officer whom Arnold came to hold in contempt.

The antipathy was mutual, and Gates at one point relieved Arnold of his command.


at the pivotal Battle of Bemis Heights on October 7, 1777, Arnold defied Gates’ authority and took command of a group of American soldiers whom he led in an assault against the British line.

Arnold’s attack threw the enemy into disarray and contributed greatly to the American victory.

Ten days later

Ten days later, Burgoyne surrendered his entire army at Saratoga. News of the surrender convinced France to enter the war on the side of the Americans.

Rendered temporarily incapable of a field command, he accepted the position of military governor of Philadelphia in 1778. While there, his loyalties began to change.


Benedict Arnold’s Treacherous Plot


During his term as governor, rumors, not entirely unfounded, circulated through Philadelphia accusing Arnold of abusing his position for his personal profit.

Questions were also raised about Arnold’s courtship and marriage to the young Peggy Shippen (1760-1804), the daughter of a man suspected of Loyalist sympathies.

Arnold and his second wife, with whom he would have five children, lived a lavish lifestyle in Philadelphia.


accumulating substantial debt.

By the end of 1779, Arnold had begun secret negotiations with the British to surrender the American fort at West Point,

New York, in return for money and a command in the British army.

Arnold’s chief intermediary was British Major John André (1750-80).

disguised in civilian clothes. Papers found on André incriminated Arnold in treason. Learning of André’s capture, Arnold fled to British lines before the Patriots could arrest him.

West Point remained in American hands, and Arnold only received a portion of his promised bounty.
Arnold soon became one of the most reviled figures in U.S. history.

Ironically, his treason became his final service to the American cause.

By 1780, Americans had grown frustrated with the slow progress toward independence and their numerous battlefield defeats.

Benedict Arnold’s Later Life and Death

After fleeing to the enemy side,

Arnold received a commission with the British army and served in several minor engagements against the Americans.

After the war,

which ended in victory for the Americans with the Treaty of Paris in 1783, Arnold resided in England. He died in London on June 14, 1801, at age 60.

The British regarded him with ambivalence,


The second part of his career

”The second part of his career, when he turned traitor, seems to me to overwhelm his positive contributions of 1776 and 1777,” he said.

Arnold then betrayed the American cause when he conspired with the British to capture West Point and hand over General George Washington. orated for the good he did.

”The war is over,” he said. ”We won. The man’s been dead for 200 years. If we can forgive the Japanese for Pearl Harbor, can’t we forgive him?”


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