Singapore officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies about one degree of latitude (137 kilometres or 85 miles) north of the equator, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bordering the Strait of Malacca to the west, the Riau Islands (Indonesia) to the south, and the South China Sea to the east.
The country’s territory is composed of one main island, 63 satellite islands and islets, and one outlying islet, the combined area of which has increased by 25% since the country’s independence as a result of extensive land reclamation projects. It has the third greatest population density in the world. With a multicultural population and recognising the need to respect cultural identities, Singapore has four official languages; English, Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil. English is the lingua franca. Multiracialism is enshrined in the constitution and continues to shape national policies in education, housing, and politics.
Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British Empire. In 1867, the colonies in Southeast Asia were reorganised and Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements. During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan in 1942, and returned to British control as a separate crown colony following Japan’s surrender in 1945.
1959 and in 1963
Singapore gained self-governance in 1959 and in 1963 became part of the new federation of Malaysia, alongside Malaya, North Borneo, and Sarawak. Ideological differences led to Singapore being expelled from the federation two years later and it became an independent country.
After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation rapidly developed to become one of the Four Asian Tigers based on external trade, becoming a highly developed country; it is ranked ninth on the UN Human Development Index and has the second-highest GDP per capita (PPP) in the world.
Singapore is the only country in Asia with a AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies. It is a major financial and shipping hub, has consistently ranked the most expensive city to live in since 2013, and has been identified as a tax haven. Singapore is placed highly in key social indicators: education, healthcare, quality of life, personal safety, and housing, with a home-ownership rate of 91 percent. Singaporeans enjoy one of the longest life expectancies, fastest Internet connection speeds, lowest infant mortality rates and lowest levels of corruption in the world.
Where is Singapore Located?
The given Singapore location map shows that Singapore is located in the South-east Asia. Singapore Map also shows that it is a very small island country located nearby the southern tip of (off coast) of Malay Peninsula. Singapore is separated by the Malaysia by the Strait of Johor in the north and Strait of Singapore separates it from Indonesia in the south.
The capital city of Singapore is Singapore. The small island nation is the world’s fourth leading financial center. The country is in fact cosmopolitan world city. In addition, the Singapore port is the fifth busiest port of the world that deals the entire trade of the respective regions.
Singapore got its independence in the year 1965. The government type of Singapore is a parliamentary republic featured with a Westminster system. The political system is of unicameral parliamentary wherein government constituted of different constituencies. The economy of the country is largely depends upon exports and refining imported goods, especially in manufacturing. It alone constitutes one quarter of Singapore’s GDP. Other sectors are electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, mechanical engineering and biomedical sciences sectors.
Thing to Know
Singapore a highly developed nation in Southeast Asia with one of the world’s strongest economies. Along with Hong Kong, Singapore ranks at the top of the Wall Street Journal’s Index of Economic Freedom which scores free economies. An estimated one of every six households in Singapore has at least a million dollars in disposable wealth, excluding property. On top of that, real estate in Singapore considered among the most expensive in the world.
With a land area of around 280 square miles, Singapore is slightly smaller than the city of Lexington, Kentucky. But unlike Lexington, nearly 6 million residents squeezed into the tiny nation. Despite its size, Singapore boasts one of the highest per-capita GDPs in the world. The nation receives high-ranking marks for education, technology, health care, and quality of life. But along with a wealth of prosperity, a noticeable wealth divide exists (Singapore doesn’t have a minimum wage).
Taxes are relatively high and crime is low. Transparency International ranks Singapore as one of the least corrupt countries in the world. Other countries in the region rank much lower.
The most common way to enter Singapore—and the easiest—is by flying. However, many backpackers traveling through Southeast Asia opt to forgo the plane and travel overland via Malaysia instead.
The majority of travelers do not need a visa to enter Singapore and are free to stay for up to 90 days for tourism purposes.
The Best Times to Visit
Singapore is 85 miles north of the equator and enjoys a tropical rainforest climate. Temperatures stay consistently hot throughout the year, and the average high temperature is about 88 degrees Fahrenheit (31 degrees Celsius) regardless of the month you visit. Rainfall is persistent, but November and December are usually the wettest months. Afternoon showers are frequent, but there are plenty of impressive museums for waiting out thunderstorms.
Take big events and festivals into consideration when deciding on the best time to visit Singapore. Holidays such as Chinese New Year are fun but busy, and the already pricey accommodations skyrocket in price.
Singapore Environmental Issues:
Environmental issues for Singapore include: limited natural fresh water resources, industrial pollution, and deforestation. Limited land availability causes problems with waste disposal. In addition, there is seasonal smoke and haze, which is a result of the forest fires in Indonesia.
The Economy of Singapore
Singapore one of the most market-oriented and open economies in the world and also considered the easiest country in which to do business. In recent years, Singapore has launched a productivity drive to boost GDP growth and facilitate its transformation into a high-tech economy. Singapore is a major international maritime center and a global air hub.
Port of Singapore
The Port of Singapore is the world’s second-busiest port in terms of total shipping tonnage; it also transships one-fifth of the world’s shipping containers, half of the world’s annual supply of crude oil, and is the world’s busiest transshipment port. Singapore’s port is crucial for the import of raw materials and the subsequent re-export of refined products.
Budget Travel Tips for Singapore
- The tap water is safe to drink in Singapore. You can save money and cut down on plastic by refilling a water bottle.
- A night out on the town can be costly. A pint of beer in an inexpensive pub can cost upwards of $8. Increase those prices by at least 50 percent for nightclubs and places with live entertainment. Locals often opt to enjoy cheaper drinks in food courts.
- Singapore’s efficient MRT train system is a great way to see parts of the city that are just beyond walking range. If you intend to move around frequently for several days, consider purchasing an EZ-Link card that can tapped on readers at train stations and on buses.
- Food courts such as the famous Lau Pa Sat are great for sampling lots of local fare without spending a lot in sit-down restaurants. Locals fill food courts for cheap eats; follow their lead!
- Don’t spend all of your time in the malls! Numerous nature trails and elevated bike paths connect parks and green spaces throughout the city. Take advantage of these pleasantly designed spaces for free!
PEOPLE & CULTURE
During the 19th and 20th centuries, Singapore known as a place to trade goods and attracted people from other countries, including China. Today about 75 percent of the population is of Chinese descent; the rest are mostly Malay and Indian. Buddhism widely practiced religion in Singapore, followed by Christianity, Islam, Taoism, and Hinduism.
The population of Singapore has more than doubled since 1980, making the country one of the most crowded islands in the world. But low crime, affordable public transportation, and a technologically advanced capital known for towering skyscrapers help the country consistently rank high for life satisfaction. People living there also have a high life expectancy: 82 years.
Food is important in Singapore culture. In fact, a common greeting is “Have you eaten?” Popular dishes include a crispy flatbread with fish curry called roti prata, and bak kut teh, pork ribs served in a peppery broth.
WHAT IS THE SECRET TO SINGAPORE’S SUCCESS?
Natives term Singapore as a really ‘fine’ place. People commit fewer crimes and pay more taxes. It is one of the least corrupt states globally and ranks third in the world for life expectancy. Moreover, they possess one of the highest GDP per capita in the world.
Most people believe that the British trading era enriched the economy of Singapore. It has one of the best ports in the world that have contributed to its remarkable economic growth. Additionally, their financial and industrial sectors are incredibly strong, and therefore, attract investors and businesses worldwide. More importantly, Singapore has made tourism one of its essential contributors to the economy. They have accumulated massive investments in the form of hotels and shopping malls. People acutely desire Singapore as it has many recreational spots.
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