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Answer to the question “Which two countries had the same flag for 18 years?“
Haiti and Liechtenstein – With only 195 countries in the world, it might seem like it would be easy for each to create entirely unique flags, but there are more than a few that are difficult to tell apart. The flags of Chad and Romania are identical save for slight variations in shading, and those of Indonesia and Monaco differ only in length and hue of their red stripes.
But at the 1936 Berlin Summer Olympics, Haiti and Liechtenstein discovered that their flags were actually identical. Haiti flew their civil flag that omitted the coat of arms found in the center of their national flag, which was reserved solely for military and government functions.
The tiny European country of Liechtenstein coincidentally adopted the same red-and-blue striped pattern in 1921. The following year, they added a yellow crown to symbolize their prince and avoid any confusion in the future.
Two countries had the same flag in the 1936 Olympics
In the 1936 Olympic games, two countries showed up with the same flag. Liechtenstein, a country near the European Alps, had two horizontal bands in red and blue. The flag of Haiti (North America) also had the same two bands in the same colours.
After the Olympic games, Liechtenstein modified its flag and added a golden crown to the top left corner of its flag.
Flag, a piece of cloth, bunting, or similar material displaying the insignia of a sovereign state, a community, an organization, an armed force, an office, or an individual. A flag is usually, but not always, oblong and is attached by one edge to a staff or halyard.
The part nearest the staff is called the hoist, and the outer part is called the fly. A flag’s length (also called the fly) usually exceeds its width (hoist). The main portion of the flag, constituting all or most of its area, is called the field or ground.
In addition, flags often have a design element in the upper corner of the hoist, called the canton, which is distinct from the field. Flags of various forms and purpose are known as colours, standards, banners, ensigns, pendants (or pennants), pennons, guidons, and burgees.
Flags originally were used mainly in warfare, and to some extent they have remained insignia of leadership, serving for the identification of friend or foe and as rallying points. They are now also extensively employed for signaling, for decoration, and for display. Because the usefulness of a flag for purposes of identification depends on its blowing out freely in the wind, the material that is preferred is usually light and bears a device or pattern identical on both sides. Wording therefore tends to be excluded, and the simpler patterns are favoured.
Any colours or devices may be used, but European usage normally follows the practice of heraldry in discouraging the juxtaposition of “metal” and “metal” (i.e., of yellow and white) or of colour and colour without “metal” interposed. The flag of the Vatican city-state constitutes an exception to that rule.
Flags recognizable as such were almost certainly the invention of the ancient peoples of the Indian subcontinent or what is now China.
It is said that the founder of the Zhou dynasty in China (1046–256 BCE) had a white flag carried before him, and it is known that in 660 CE a minor prince was punished for failing to lower his standard before his superior.
Chinese flags had devices such as a red bird, a white tiger, or a blue dragon. They were carried on chariots and planted upon the walls of captured cities. The royal flag, however, had all the attributes of kingship, being identified with the ruler himself and treated with a similar respect. It was thus a crime even to touch the flag-bearer.
Forms and functions
In Europe, flags were subdivided according to their shape and purpose into standards, banners, guidons, pennons, and streamers. There were also many flags of a personal, family, or local significance that were of a different, and usually more complex, pattern.
Of the main types, the standard was the largest and was intended, from its size, to be stationary. It marked the position of an important individual before a battle, during a siege, throughout a ceremony, or at a tournament. For the monarch it marked the palace, castle, saluting base, tent, or ship where he or she was actually present. Standards were also used at first by the greater nobles, whose personal insignia they bore.
They were originally long and tapering toward the fly, ending in two points. Banners were square or oblong and were borne in action (as the standard was not) before royal and noble warriors down to the rank of knight banneret. Those again bore the personal or family device.
The guidon (a word derived from the French guyd-homme) was similar to the standard but was rounded in the fly or had two swallow tails, both rounded. Guidons were borne by leaders in battle who were of no more than knightly rank and so not entitled to display a banner.
The pennon, a small triangular flag, was carried by each knight on his lance. One purpose of the pennon was to obviate accidents in much the same way as does a red flag tied to a long pole or rod that extends beyond the tailboard of a truck. But the pennon served also to strike terror into the enemy and to denote rank.
The Discovery That Two Countries Used The Same Flag
For a very long time, Haiti and Liechtenstein used the same flag design without knowing. Both countries had a bicolored flag that featured two equal-sized horizontal bands of blue and red colors at the top and bottom, respectively. It was during the 1936 Summer Olympics that Liechtenstein and Haiti discovered that they shared the same flag. With this discovery, the two countries decided to modify their flags by adding some symbols but retaining the original flag colors.
Today, the two flags remain similar in color, with the only difference being the symbols and their position on the flags.
The Current Haitian Flag
The bicolored flag comprises two equal-sized blue and red horizontal bands at the top and bottom. At the center of the flag is a white square containing the coat of arms of Haiti that was added to the flag following the 1936 Olympics. The coat of arms comprises a collection of weapons on a green hill-like feature and a royal palm.
The weapons symbolize the country’s readiness to defend its freedom while the royal palm symbolizes its independence. On top of the royal palm is the Phrygian cap. The green hill has a ribbon containing the motto L’Union Fait La Force. The flag’s proportion is 3 to 5, the same as that of Liechtenstein.
The Flag Of Liechtenstein
The flag of Liechtenstein is a bicolor flag comprising, just like Haiti’s, two equal horizontal bands of red and blue at the bottom and top. The flag has a gold crown at the canton. The gold crown was added to the flag in 1937, just a year after the Olympics.
The colors and symbols on the national flag of Liechtenstein carry political, regional, and cultural meanings. The blue color symbolizes the sky during the day while the red color stands for the “evening fires” lit inside most homes throughout the country.
The crown symbolizes the unity of the people and their prince. Its color has always been disputed, with the World Factbook describing it as gold in color but other sources claiming it is yellow. Sometimes the flag is flown vertically. In this case, the crown is rotated so that it is always facing upwards. The flag’s proportion is 3 to 5, the same as that of Haiti.
Romania and Chad
In 2004, former Romanian president Ion Iliescu had said that “the tricolour belongs to us, we will not give it up” after years of scuffle with Chad about the similarity in their flags. Both flags have the same blue, yellow and red vertical stripes. Iliescu made the statement after Chad asked the United Nations to step in .
Belgium and Germany
While preparing for the arrival of the king and queen of Belgium, Canadian officials decorated Rideau Hall with Belgian and Canadian flags. The only goof up was they used Germany’s flag instead. Though the flags do share the same colours, the major difference is that Belgium’s stripes are vertical while Germany’s are horizontal.
Ireland and Ivory Coast
which two countries used to have the same flag
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