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who invented the computer mouse?

who invented the computer mouse?

who invented the computer mouse?

who invented the computer mouse?
who invented the computer mouse?

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The computer mouse was invented and developed by Douglas Engelbart, with the assistance of Bill English, during the 1960s and was patented on November 17, 1970.

While creating the mouse, Douglas was working at the Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park, California, a think tank sponsored by Stanford University. The mouse was originally referred to as an “X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System” and was first used with the Xerox Alto computer system in 1973. Using the mouse, Douglas was able to demonstrate moving a mouse cursor on the Alto computer in The Mother of All Demos.

Today, the mouse is still used on every desktop computer and has influenced other input devices like the touchpad on a laptop computer and touch screens on smartphones and tablets.

The Mouse

Trackballs, light pens, and other clever pointing devices were widespread. Then the mouse was invented. Twice. (Well, at least twice.)

Doug Engelbart reportedly conceived the mouse during a conference lecture in 1961. His first design, in 1963, used rolling wheels inspired by mechanical area-measuring devices called planimeters invented in the 1800s.

Engineers at Germany’s Telefunken also invented a mouse in the mid-1960s. First described in 1968, their version used a rolling ball—essentially a small, upside-down trackball—which became the standard for decades.

SRI engineer Bill English built the first Engelbart mouse prototype, which used knife-edge wheels and had space for only one button.


Engelbart mouse patent drawings


The word “mouse” does not appear in Engelbart’s patent for the computer pointing device that became ubiquitous within 20 years. The knife-edged wheels each rolled in just one direction, transmitting movement information for that direction. Each slid without turning when the mouse was moved in the other direction.

who invented the computer mouse?
who invented the computer mouse?

who invented the computer mouse in 1964

The original mouse had the cord in front, but they quickly moved it to the back end to get it out of the way. You could tilt or rock the mouse to draw perfectly straight horizontal or vertical lines. Engelbart applied for a patent in 1967 and received it as an assignor of SRI for the wooden shell with two metal wheels (see U.S. Patent 3541541) in 1970, describing it in the patent application as an “X-Y position indicator for a display system.” “It was nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end,” Engelbart revealed about his invention. His version of windows and GUI was not considered patentable (no software patents were issued at that time), but Engelbart has over 45 other patents to his name.

Doug Engelbart’s first mouse (source

They discovered that the knee offered even better control at slight movements in all directions. In tests, it outperformed the mouse by a small margin.


The first production workstation and mouse (source

In the so called The Mother of All Demos Engelbart featured the introduction of the computer mouse, video conferencing, teleconferencing, email, hypertext, word processing, hypermedia, object addressing and dynamic file linking, bootstrapping, and a collaborative real-time editor.


The first cordless mouse was shipped in September, 1984, with the Metaphor computer (see the nearby image) of David Liddle and Donald Massaro, former Xerox PARC engineers. The computer also had a cordless keyboard and function desk.


who invented the computer mouse in 1963

Douglas C. Engelbart, american engineer, inventor of the computer mouse in 1963, here c. 1990.


His eldest daughter, Gerda, said by telephone that her father died of was kidney failure.



Engelbart then summoned, in real-time, the image and voice of a colleague 30 miles (48 km) away. That was the first videoconference. For instance, he never received any royalties for the mouse, which SRI patented and later licensed to Apple.

. In talks and papers, he described with zeal and bravado a vision of a society in which groups of highly productive workers would spend many hours a day collectively manipulating information on shared computers.


A proud visionary, Engelbart found himself intellectually isolated at various points in his life.


By 2000, Engelbart had won prestigious accolades including the National Medal of Technology and the Turing Award. He lived in comfort in Atherton, a leafy suburb near Stanford University.


Douglas Carl Engelbart was born on Jan. 30, 1925 in Portland to a radio repairman father who was often absent and a homemaker mother.

He enrolled at Oregon State University, but was drafted into the U.S. Navy and shipped to the Pacific before he could graduate.


Engelbart also worked at the Ames Laboratory, and the precursor to NASA, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. He obtained a doctorate in electrical engineering from Berkeley in 1955.

He took a job at SRI in 1957, and by the early-1960s Engelbart led a team that began to seriously investigate tools for interactive computing.

who invented the computer mouse?
who invented the computer mouse?

Tymshare company

By the late 1970s, Engelbart’s research group was acquired by a company called Tymshare.

“I don’t think he was at peace with himself, partly because many, many things that he forecast all came to pass, but many of the things that he saw in his vision still hadn’t,” said Kapor, who helped fund Engelbart’s work in the 1990s. “He was frustrated by his inability to move the field forward.”

In 1986, Engelbart told interviewers from Stanford that his mind had always roamed in a way that set him apart or even alienated him.

“Growing up without a father, through the teenage years and such, I was always sort of different,” Engelbart said. “Other people knew what they were doing, and had good guidance, and had enough money to do it. I was getting by, and trying. I never expected, ever, to be the same as anyone else.”

He is survived by Karen O’Leary Engelbart, his second wife, and four children: Gerda, Diana, Christina and Norman. His first wife, Ballard, died in 1997.


who invented computer mouse and keyboard

In brief, Douglas Engelbart invented the computer mouse in 1968. Christopher Latham Soles invented the computer keyboard in 1878.


The computer keyboard is a device which contains many keys. These keys can perform a certain task or actions. You have to just press the key to see the output in the computer screen. If you want to perform certain actions, you have to hold a key and press another key in combination.

The keyboard contains the character keys as well as numeric keys. If you want to write text in MS Word, you have to just press and use these keys. You can manage capital and small alphabet letters using the ‘caps lock‘ key. It also contains the symbol keys to generated symbols in word documents. In addition to all above, it also contains function keys to perform certain actions with just one press.


Xerox mouse invention

The closest thing in the history of computing to a Prometheus myth is the late 1979 visit to Xerox PARC by a group of Apple engineers and executives led by Steve Jobs. According to early reports, it was on this visit that Jobs discovered the mouse, windows, icons, and other technologies that had been developed at PARC. These wonders had been locked away at PARC by a staff that didn’t understand the revolutionary potential of what they had created.The Apple engineers– that band of brothers, that bunch of pirates– stole the fire of the gods, and gave it to the people.


Like Apple, it displayed a remarkable savvy in its hiring. Robert Taylor, head of the Computer Science Division, was formerly director of the ARPA’s Information Processing Techniques Office, and in this capacity he had supported– even served as catalyst for– much of the most important research in computer science of the 1960s. When he joined Xerox PARC, he recruited heavily from his ARPA networks, and brought together engineers and researchers who had been at the forefront of a number of branches of computer science. He also collected fragments of groups from other Bay Area institutions, including several people from Douglas Engelbart’s Augmentation Research Center. In the 1960s ARC staff had developed the computer mouse and done pioneering work in window-based interfaces and networking.

For the rest of the decade, PARC was one of those places whose brilliance and reputation attracts visitors from around the world. Such centers emerge in every field: Neils Bohr’s institute at Copenhagen was a world center for quantum physics in the 1920s, postwar Greenwich Village drew artists inspired by Abstract Expressionism, Motown Records attracted the most creative writers and musicians in soul music in the 1960s. PARC was not at all secretive about its work. Its researchers published widely, and there was a regular flow of traffic between PARC and Stanford’s computer science community.

who invented the computer mouse?
who invented the computer mouse?

 modern mouse

Carefully crafted experience

Designed to have premium precision pointing and clicking for scalable performance across the screen of your device and external monitors. Precisely constructed sound for clicks and scrolling. Quiet enough to not disturb, distinct enough to hear your control.

Made for Windows by the people who created Windows

Crafted with the most intimate knowledge of the Windows operating system possible, the Microsoft Modern Mouse is the perfect partner to your Windows 10 device.

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