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how old is a gosling when they start to fly
Facts about the Canada Goose
White patch on each cheek
Very good eyesight
Long black neck
The Canada Goose is a bird from the family of geese, ducks and swans. There are some forty subspecies of the Canada Goose, varying in size from 90 cm to 2 meters.
The Canada Goose can be found in a wide variety of habitats: in wooded areas and regions where there are no trees;
on prairies, on the plains of Western Canada and the coastal flatlands of the Arctic as well as mountainous terrain.
In spring, the pair builds a nest near a body of water (lake, marsh, pond), on a small island or on the shore.
What’s a nest made of?
The Canada Goose builds its nest with twigs, marsh grasses, its own chest and down feathers.
tapping sounds can be heard inside the eggs. Just a few hours after the eggs have hatched, the baby birds leave the nest and learn to swim.
The Canada Goose in its nest
While the female broods the eggs, the male stands guard. When he senses danger, he utters shrill cries and will sometimes even attack, hissing and furiously beating his wings.
During their first summer, the baby geese learn to find food and especially, to be aware of the many dangers that lurk in the world around them.
Footprints, left by a fox on the ground or a bird of prey circling overhead, are signs they learn to fear. By the time they are two months old, the young Canada geese are 25 times larger than they were at birth.
The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) consumes about 250 grams of food a day. It can contort its long neck to reach plants.
which grow under water. It also feeds on wild fruits, various grasses and seeds in crop fields
THE CANADA GOOSE SEASON BY SEASON
When spring arrives, the Canada geese return to their northern breeding grounds. Females lay eggs only once a year.
Just a few hours after the eggs have hatched, the baby geese leave the nest and learn to swim. When the chicks are more fully grown, the parents shed their long wing and tail feathers.
This means they’re not able to fly for 3 to 4 weeks. From day one, the baby geese are able to swim about ten meters across the water.
During the summer months, the chicks eat and grow. Once the parents’ new remiges (main flight feathers) have grown back in, it’s time to teach the fledglings how to fly.
They learn very quickly and around about day 63, they can already fly properly.
By the time they are two months old, the young Canada geese stop growing.
At that point, their size is almost 25 times what it was at birth. At the end of the summer, families of Canada geese leave their nesting grounds in search of food in a new territory.
These long stiff wing feathers are the main flight feathers of a bird.
Canada geese migrate twice a year. In the fall, the goslings fly south with their parents. Several families form a migrating flock.
which can consist of up to a hundred members. A lead bird guides the formation for a time before another leader replaces it.
During their migration, the Canada geese touch down on lakes, rivers, coastal ponds, inlets and farmers’ fields. Only when they return to their nesting grounds the following spring do the fledglings and their parents go their separate ways.
The Canada goose flies at an average speed of 65 km/h, and can reach a speed of 100 km/h if it’s being chased. A flock of Canada geese are easily recognized by its V formation and loud honking.
The Canada geese, which nest in Québec usually winter in the Central and Eastern United States. Throughout the winter months.
the Canada geese rest after their long trip, gaining strength and acquiring a good layer of fat before returning north come the spring.
On the ground, usually on a muskrat mound or other slightly elevated site, near water. They prefer a spot from which they can have a fairly unobstructed view in many directions.
Female selects the site and does much of nest construction. She adds down feathers and some body feathers beginning after the second egg is laid.
She does all the incubation while her mate guards her and the nest.
A large open cup on the ground, made of dry grasses, lichens, mosses, and other plant material, and lined with down and some body feathers.
Canada Geese eat grain from fields, graze on grass, and dabble in shallow water by tipping forward and extending their necks underwater.
During much of the year they associate in large flocks, and many of these birds may be related to one another.
They mate for life with very low “divorce rates,” and pairs remain together throughout the year. Geese mate “assortatively,”
larger birds choosing larger mates and smaller ones choosing smaller mates; in a given pair, the male is usually larger than the female.
Most Canada Geese do not breed until their fourth year; less than 10 percent breed as yearlings.
and most pair bonds are unstable until birds are at least two or three years old. Extra-pair copulations have been documented.
During spring, pairs break out from flocks and begin defending territories. Spacing of these pairs is variable and depends on availability of nest sites and population density;
where population is large, even after a great many fights birds may end up nesting in view of one another, and some populations are semi-colonial.
- RESOURCE: WIKIPEDIA