where is general sherman located?

where is general sherman located?

where is general sherman located?

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where is general sherman located?
where is general sherman located?

The General Sherman Tree

giant sequoia, (Sequoiadendron giganteum), also called Sierra redwood, coniferous evergreen tree of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), the largest of all trees in bulk and the most massive living things by volume. The giant sequoia is the only species of the genus Sequoiadendron and is distinct from the coast redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens), which are the tallest living trees. The trees are found in scattered groves on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevadas of California at elevations between 900 and 2,600 metres (3,000 and 8,500 feet). They were once reputed as the oldest living things, but the largest stumps were examined in tree-ring studies and were found to be less than 4,000 years old (bristlecone pines are older, and a clonal king’s holly plant [Lomatia tasmanica] in Tasmania was found to be more than 43,000 years old).

 

The giant sequoia has uniformly scalelike or awl-shaped leaves that lie close against the branches and scaleless winter buds. The compact cones require two seasons to mature and open immediately followingwildfire. The trees are generally pyramidal in shape, with reddish brown fibrous bark that is unusually fire resistant. The largest giant sequoia specimen is the General Sherman tree in Sequoia National Park. That tree measures 31 metres (101.5 feet) in circumference at its base, is 83 metres (272.4 feet) tall, and has a total estimated weight of 6,167 tons. A few other specimens are more than 105 metres (345 feet) high but have less bulk than the General Sherman tree.

 

Although a number of groves of giant sequoias have been cut down, the lumber is more brittle than that of the redwood, and the lower quality of the wood has been instrumental in saving the giant sequoias from destruction. With the help of the advocacy of American conservationist John Muir, most of the 70 distinct groves are now under the protection of state or national forests or parks, including Kings Canyon National Park and Sequoia National Forest.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Melissa Petruzzello.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:

  • tree: Trees of special interest
    …of the redwood, the giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) develops the greatest total bulk of wood, but not the biggest girth, among trees. This tree, which attains heights in excess of 90 metres (300 feet) and may have a trunk diameter of about 7.5 metres (25 feet) some distance above its…
  • conifer: Diversity of size and structure
    …are the giant sequoias (Sequoiadendron giganteum) of the Sierra Nevada of California, reaching heights of more than 95 metres (312 feet) and weights of at least 2 million kilograms (4.4 million pounds; compared with 190,000 kilograms for the largest recorded blue whale). Wherever conifers grow, especially in temperate climates,…
  • The Clone Giants: The Clone Giants transcript
    …botanical podcast and guessed the giant sequoia. The giant sequoia is one of my very favorite plants, and those enormous, towering giants are, by some definitions, the most massive living things on the planet (massive, by weight, and not the tallest). The largest single specimen of giant sequoia, the General…

A Land of Giants

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Huge mountains, rugged foothills, deep canyons, vast caverns, and the world’s largest trees exemplify the diversity of landscapes, life, and beauty here. Explore these pages to learn about the plants and animals here and the threats they face. Our ancient giant sequoias may seem invincible, but they, too are vulnerable.

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