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Yellowstone National Park
Located in the western United States, Yellowstone National Park is mainly located in the northwest corner of Wyoming and extends to Montana and Idaho. It was established by the 42nd U.S. Congress with the Yellowstone National Park Protection Act and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872. Originally established in 1872, Yellowstone was the first national park established in the United States and is widely believed to be the first national park in the world at the same time. As one of the most popular tourist attractions in the park is the Old Faithful Geyser, a geyser that represents many different types of biomes, however the subalpine forest is the most prevalent in the park. This park is part of the South-Central Rockies forests ecoregion which is famous for its wildlife and geothermal features.
The Yellowstone region has been home to Native Americans since at least 11,000 years ago. However, aside from visits by mountain men in the early 19th century, organized exploration did not begin until the late 1860s. Initially, management and control of the park were under the administration of the U.S. Department of the Interior, with Columbus Delano serving as the first Secretary of the Interior to oversee the park. However, the U.S. For 30 years between 1886 and 1916, the Army was
tasked with overseeing the management of Yellowstone. It was in 1917 that the National Park Service became responsible for managing the park, which had been
created earlier that year. Over a thousand archaeological sites have been
examined and a great deal of architectural and historical significance has been
preserved through the construction of hundreds of structures that are now
protected for their architectural and historical significance.
An area of 3,468.4 square miles (8,983 km2) is
covered by Yellowstone National Park, which contains lakes, canyons, rivers, and mountain ranges. The Yellowstone Caldera, the largest super volcano on the continent, is centered over Yellowstone Lake, one of the largest high-elevation lakes in North America. The caldera is
considered a dormant volcano, but it has erupted a number of times during the last two million years, and they all came with tremendous force.
estimated that half of the world’s geysers and hydrothermal features are in Yellowstone, which is a result of ongoing volcanism. Most of the land area of Yellowstone is
covered in lava flows and rocks that have been
deposited by volcanic eruptions. Yellowstone is the center of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, which is the largest still nearly intact ecosystem in the northern temperate zone of our planet. it was
named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978.
There are hundreds of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians, and plants that have been
documented, including many endangered or threatened species. The vast forests and grasslands also provide a home to many unique species of plants. Yellowstone Park is
known as one of the most famous and largest megafauna areas in the contiguous United States. It is home to grizzly bears, cougars, wolves, as well as free-ranging herds of bison and elk. The Yellowstone Park bison herd is the oldest and largest public bison herd in the United States.
Almost one third of the park was
burned in the 1988 forest fire that occurred in Yellowstone Park, one of the largest forest fires in the park’s history. Yellowstone offers a wide range of recreational options, including hiking, camping, boating, fishing, and sightseeing. Paved roads provide easy access to some of the largest geothermal areas as well as some of the most beautiful lakes and waterfalls within the park. In the winter, most visitors to the park access it through guided tours using either snow coaches or snowmobiles, which are
used to access the park during the winter months.
Geography of Yellowstone National Park
A total of 96 percent of Yellowstone National Park is located within the state of Wyoming. Another three percent is within Montana, and the remaining one percent is within Idaho. There are 63 miles (101 km) in length from north to south in Yellowstone National Park, and 54 miles (87 km) between west and east in Yellowstone National Park. It has a total area of 2,219,789 acres (8,983 km2; 3,468 sq mi), which makes it larger than Rhode Island or Delaware combined.
In terms of land area, rivers and lakes account for five percent of it, and Yellowstone Lake is the largest water body in the state with an area of 87,040 acres (352 km2; 136 sq mi). Its depth can reach 400 feet (120 m) and its shorelines can be 110 miles (180 km). The lake is located at an elevation of 7,733 feet (2,357 meters) above sea level, making it the largest lake in North America at that level. Eighty percent of Yellowstone Park’s land is occupied by forests, and the remaining portion is grassland.
In the southwestern part of the park, the Continental Divide is a topographic feature that separates the Pacific Ocean from the Atlantic Ocean. The Continental Divide is an important topographic feature in North America, separating the Pacific Ocean from the Atlantic Ocean. About one-third of the park lies on the west side of the divide. It is close to each other, but on opposite sides of the divide, that the Yellowstone River and Snake River originate. Therefore, the waters of the Snake River find their way to the Pacific Ocean, while those of the Yellowstone River find their way to the Gulf of Mexico as a result.
There is an average elevation of 8,000 feet (2,400 meters) above sea level in this park, which is
situated on the Yellowstone Plateau. On nearly all sides of the plateau are mountain ranges of the Middle Rocky Mountains, which range in height from 9,000 to 11,000 feet (2,700 to 3,400 meters). There is a high point in the park located atop Eagle Peak (11,358 feet or 3,462 metres) and a low point along Reese Creek (5,282 feet or 1,610 metres). A number of nearby mountain ranges are located nearby, such as the Gallatin Range to the northwest, the Beartooth Mountains to the north, the Absaroka Range to the east, the Teton Range to the south, and the Madison Range to the west. On the Yellowstone Plateau, Mount Washburn stands at a height of 10,243 feet (3,122 meters).
In Yellowstone National Park, you will find one of the largest petrified forests in the world, trees that have been long ago buried by ash and soil and have transformed from wood into mineral deposits. Since Yellowstone is the center of a massive caldera
formed by a supervolcano, it is
expected that this ash and other volcanic debris may have originated in the park itself. There are 290 waterfalls in the park that are at least 15 feet (4.6 m) high, with the Lower Falls of the Yellowstone River reaching 308 feet (94 m) high.
During the past 640,000 years, rivers have cut through the volcanic tuff of the Yellowstone Plateau and formed three deep canyons within the park. There are two colorful canyons
carved by the Yellowstone River along its way to the north, the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone and the Black Canyon of the Yellowstone, both of which are
located in Lewis Canyon. The Lewis River flows through Lewis Canyon to the south of Lewis Canyon.
Legal jurisdiction of Yellowstone National Park
The entire park has been
included in the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the District of Wyoming,
which makes it the only federal court district that encompasses portions of more than one state
(Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming) at the same time. In his opinion, law professor Brian C. Kalt holds that impaneling a jury in accordance
with the Vicinage Clause of the Sixth Amendment may not be possible if a crime is
committed solely in the unpopulated part of the park in Idaho (and that if a crime were
committed solely in the lightly populated part of the park in Montana,
it would be difficult to do so as well).
During the trial of a defendant, who was
accused of a wildlife-related crime committed within the Montana portion of the park,
the defendant attempted to bring this issue up, but eventually pleaded guilty,
with a specific agreement that he would not raise the issue during his appeal.