difference between evaluation and examination

evaluation and examination

difference between evaluation and examination

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Examination vs Evaluation – What’s the difference?

As nouns the difference between examination and evaluation

is that examination is the act of examining while evaluation is an assessment, such as an annual personnel performance review used as the basis for a salary increase or bonus, or a summary of a particular situation.

evaluation and examination
evaluation and examination



(en noun)

  • The act of examining.
  • * {{quote-magazine, date=2013-07-20, volume=408, issue=8845, magazine=(The Economist)

, title= Welcome to the plastisphere , passage=[The researchers] noticed many of their pieces of [plastic marine] debris sported surface pits around two microns across. Such pits are about the size of a bacterial cell. Closer examination showed that some of these pits did, indeed, contain bacteria, […].}}

  • Particularly, an inspection by a medical professional to establish the extent and nature of any sickness or injury.
  • A formal test involving answering written or oral questions with no or limited access to text books or the like.

Derived terms

* * bar examination * clinical examination * cross-examination * cross examination * direct examination * exam * examination-in-chief * final examination * physical examination * re-examination * self-examination



(wikipedia evaluation) (en noun)

  • An assessment, such as an annual personnel performance review used as the basis for a salary increase or bonus, or a summary of a particular situation.
  • (mathematics) A completion of a mathematical operation; a valuation.
  • (computing, programming) Determination of the value of a variable or expression.

Derived terms


* evaluate * revaluation * valuation

Assessment, Examination, Evaluation: Are they interchangeable?

In the last sharing session on 13 November 2020, ACER Indonesia with the Indonesian Educational Evaluation Association (HEPI) and Indonesian Psychometric Association (APSIMETRI) raise the phenomena where the term of examination, evaluation, testing, and assessment are used interchangeably not only by the public but even among educators and practitioners. And once the answer is clear on whether they really are interchangeable or not, a no less important question is; why does it matter for us to know the difference?

Some important points discussed in the session were the terminology of the words themselves, their characteristics, purpose, shared similarities, and differences. The first speaker, Bahrul Hayat, PhD commenced the session by giving a background about how these words are not exclusively used in the education sector only, but also in a lot of other contexts, such as how the medical sector was using the word ‘examination’ for their need. He continued after, stating that in his session in this online event, he will talk based on his view on the many kinds of literature about assessments, examination, and evaluation from the last couple of decades and that any discussion will revolve only around the words in its educational term.

Mr Bahrul chronologically describes the emergence and development of the three terms, starts with evaluation, which crops up along with the birth of science at the end of the 19th century. From the formalisation of the term evaluation by Edward Thorndike to John Dewey’s need for evaluation towards formal education in America and Ralph Taylor’s thoughts on educational objectives and educational evaluation in his book, Curriculum and Instruction (1949).

He went on to describe that in Indonesia, Taylor’s theory can be seen to materialise in the 1975, 1984, and 1994 curriculum which consists of (educational) national objectives/goals, institutional objectives, and general and specific instructional objectives. And to collect the data that can back up the fulfilment of those objectives, (educational) evaluation is the term that is used. Throughout the 50s—80s, the term evaluation refers to two meanings, both within an individual’s or student’s learning outcomes and within an educational program.

Up until now, evaluation stays as the measurement of program/policy in the level of division to national/systematic, and only in the 90s did assessment become used in Indonesia, particularly for collecting data about individual learning outcomes, although in itself it carries a far wider meaning than that. Lastly, examination serves a very specific meaning or objective, which in itself is a subset of today’s understanding about assessment; with condition that in an examination, the result of the assessment is utilised to create decisive output such as promotion, admission, or certification.

evaluation and examination
evaluation and examination

A passed/failed decision is an integral part when one talks about the examination. Nowadays, “assessment” is widely used to map the progress and competence of an individual or system towards a (learning) program. PISA is the most famous example of an assessment at a systemic level.

Talking from the viewpoint of a government official, Profesor Ali Saukah noted how the usage of these terms throughout the regulations in the paper is not yet consistent and how he wishes for a widely accepted and attested set of terms and its proper definition for everyone, especially those who are working in the education sector or academics, to always refer to.

Professor Ali suggested an easy way to differ the terms assessment and evaluation is how each of them treats and use their result summary. Both use data collection and get the result through a process of analysis. And while the result of the assessment is descriptive in nature; to inform what should and should not be done by the educator or any person in charge of the system to achieve a satisfying outcome from the recipient, evaluation on the other hand always entails a value. The evaluation will always give a certain judgment against something, and also is norm-referenced as a benchmark.

So are they interchangeable? Both speakers agree that looking at their differences in characteristics, they are not substitutable. There is a need to create a glossary where each term can be further explained formally, for each term serves a contrastingly different purpose and is equally vital to inform us about the suitability of the effort we put in any work and the outcome we gain from it.


Difference Between Assessment and Evaluation

Assessment is defined as a process of appraising something or someone, i.e. the act of gauging the quality, value or importance. As against, evaluation focuses on making a judgment about values, numbers or performance of someone or something. Assessment is made to identify the level of performance of an individual, whereas evaluation is performed to determine the degree to which goals are attained.

The basic difference between assessment and evaluation lies in the orientation, i.e. while the assessment is process oriented, evaluation is product oriented. The article presented to you describes all the distinguishing points between these two.

evaluation and examination
evaluation and examination

Definition of Assessment

Assessment is defined as a methodical way of acquiring, reviewing and using information about someone or something, so as to make improvement where necessary. The term is interpreted in a variety of ways, i.e. educational, psychological, financial, taxation, human resource and so on.

In general, assessment is an ongoing interactive process, in which two parties (assessor and assessee) are involved. The assessor is someone who assesses the performance based on the defined standards, while assessee is someone who is being assessed. The process aims at determining the effectiveness of the overall performance of the assessee and the areas of improvement. The process involves, setting up goals, collecting information (qualitative and quantitative) and using the information for increasing quality.

Definition of Evaluation

The term ‘evaluation’ is derived from the word ‘value’ which refers to ‘usefulness of something’. Therefore, evaluation is an examination of something to measure its utility.

Simply put, evaluation is a systematic and objective process of measuring or observing someone or something, with an aim of drawing conclusions, using criteria, usually governed by set standards or by making a comparison. It gauges the performance of a person, completed project, process or product, to determine its worth or significance.

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