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What is the proper medical term for the armpit? Reviews for 2021
Several people understand what an armpit is. However, very few people understand the proper medical term, conditions, and functions of the armpit. In this post, I will give you some of the best tips about the armpit.
My intention is simple. By the end of this post, I want you to be able to understand what an armpit is, what conditions are associated with it, and what you can do to take proper care of your armpits too.
Armpit: The Medical Term
So let’s start with the basic questions that many people should know: what is the proper medical term for the armpit?
The way your chest wall, shoulder bones, and also the muscles fall in place is what creates the armpit. The armpit, which is a small hollow under the area where the shoulder bone, chest wall, and muscles converge, is in the underside of your shoulder joint.
Like any other part of the body, the armpit also needs proper care. Without that, your armpit can easily sustain a number of infections and conditions. These conditions are many and are what I will look at in our next topic.
Conditions of the Armpits
There are several conditions that can affect your armpits. They include but are not limited to the following.
The common name for Tinea Corporis is ringworm. It is a fungal infection that affects the uppermost layer on the skin/epidermis. It creates ring-shaped rashes that look bad. In medical corridors, the term used to describe this condition is Tinea axillaris.
This is a skin inflammation around the armpits. It can come in the form of redness, swelling, or pain.
In the worst-case scenario, the effect of dermatitis can cause the skin to peel off or leave you with blisters. The causes of dermatitis include touching your armpit with deodorant and alcohol.
Psoriasis is a condition that causes red plaques in the armpits. The plaque comes with a silvery scale that will also appear on your skin. The major cause of Psoriasis is when your body’s immunity mistakenly attacks its own tissues.
Another notorious infection around the armpits is a yeast infection or candidiasis. This type of infection irritates the skin and leaves you with white plaques. Candida will grow best in an area that is warm and moist such as bushy armpits.
Armpit boil or furuncle is an infection that might result when a single strand of the hair follicle becomes painful. It can come with a red lump around the skin that will grow into an abscess. Armpit folliculitis can also come from a bacterial infection.
NOTE: Hyperhidrosis is also another infection of the armpit. This is excessive sweating that affects the armpits when you are anxious or scared.
How to Properly Care for Your Armpits
The proper care of the armpits requires you to do some of the most basic stuff. You should, among other things:
- Shave your armpits to prevent it from staying moist and developing candidiasis
- Understand your type of skin and what type of allergy it has – to what substances
- In case you have sensitive armpits steer clear of any deodorants or perfumes
- Don’t prick your armpits or use them against hard thing such as crutches
- Seek medical advice every time you feel pain, swelling, or redness in the armpit
NOTE: Within your axilla, there are over 20 lymph nodes or in other words, small lumps of body tissues that form the lymphatic system, which will help to fight any infection around the armpits.
So what is the proper medical term for the armpit? You have it all by now. However, I believe that there is one more thing that you should understand. The lymph nodes are always present. However, since the armpits have high concentrations of hair follicles and also sweat glands, lymph nodes are not easy to feel through the skin.
These lymph nodes protect your armpits. Even so, you need also to keep your armpits clean and well-taken care of. It is important for your health.
BREAST CANCER AWARENESS: SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT
The outlook for women with breast cancer is improving constantly. Due to increased awareness, opportunities for early detection, and treatment advances, survival rates continue to climb. In the U.S., October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, and the campaign is designed to increase breast cancer awareness. There are many organizations that support Breast Cancer Awareness Month and provide assistance within early detection plans. Organizations also put together breast cancer fundraisers such as walks and events that support breast cancer research and help fund patients with socio-economic disadvantages.
BREAST CANCER SYMPTOMS
Breast cancer may or may not cause symptoms. Some women may discover the problem themselves, while others may have the abnormality first detected on a screening exam. Common breast cancer symptoms, when they occur, include the following:
- Non-painful lumps or masses
- Lumps or swelling under the arms
- Nipple skin changes or discharge
- Noticeable flattening or indentation of the breast
- Change in the nipple
- Unusual discharge from the nipple
- Changes in the feel, size, or shape of the breast tissue
TYPES OF BREAST CANCER
Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare type of cancer that often does not cause a breast lump or mass. As seen in this photo, it often causes thickening and pitting of the skin, like an orange peel. The affected breast may also be larger or firmer, tender, or itchy. A skin rash or reddening of the skin is common. These changes are caused by cancer cells blocking lymph vessels in the skin. Inflammatory cancer of the breast typically has a fast growth rate.
Invasive Ductal Carcinoma
Invasive (or infiltrating) ductal carcinoma (IDC) is the most common type of breast cancer. About 80% of all breast cancers are invasive ductal carcinomas. Invasive ductal carcinoma refers to cancer that has broken through the wall of the milk ducts and has invaded the breast tissues. Invasive ductal carcinoma can spread to the lymph nodes and possibly to other areas of the body.
Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS)
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is considered to be a non-invasive or pre-invasive breast cancer. Ductal means that the cancer starts inside the milk ducts, carcinoma refers to any cancer that starts in the skin or other tissue (including breast tissue) that line or cover the internal organs, and in situ means “in its original place.” The difference between DCIS and invasive cancer is that in DCIS, the cells have not spread through the walls of the milk ducts into the surrounding breast tissue. DCIS is considered a ‘pre-cancer’, but some cases can transform into more invasive cancers.
Invasive Lobular Carcinoma
Invasive (or infiltrating) lobular carcinoma (ILC) is the second most common type of breast cancer after invasive ductal carcinoma. Lobular means that the cancer started in the milk-producing lobules, which empty out into the ducts that carry milk to the nipple. Invasive lobular carcinoma refers to cancer that has broken through the wall of the lobule and begun to invade the breast tissues. Invasive lobular carcinoma can spread to the lymph nodes and possibly to other areas of the body.
Mucinous (or colloid) carcinoma of the breast is a rare form of invasive ductal carcinoma. In this type of cancer, the tumor is composed of abnormal cells that “float” in pools of mucin, part of the slimy, slippery substance known as mucus. Mucus lines most of the inner surface of our bodies, such as our digestive tract, lungs, liver, and other vital organs. Breast cancer cells can produce some mucus. In mucinous carcinoma, mucin becomes part of the tumor and surrounds the breast cancer cells.
“Pure” mucinous carcinomas make up only 2-3% of invasive breast cancers. Approximately 5% of invasive breast cancer tumors have a mix of mucinous components in addition to other types of breast cancer cells.
Triple-Negative Breast Cancers
Testing negative for estrogen receptors (ER-), progesterone receptors (PR-), and HER2 (HER2-) on a pathology report means the cancer is “triple-negative”. These negative results indicate the growth of the cancer is not supported by the hormones estrogen and progesterone, nor by the presence of too many HER2 receptors. Therefore, triple-negative breast cancer does not respond to hormonal therapy (such as tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors) or therapies that target HER2 receptors, such as Herceptin. However, other medicines can be used to treat triple-negative breast cancer.
Paget’s Disease of the Nipple
Paget’s disease of the nipple is a rare form of breast cancer in which cancer cells collect in or around the nipple. The cancer usually affects the ducts of the nipple first then spreads to the nipple surface and the areola. A scaly, red, itchy, and irritated nipple and areola are signs of Paget’s disease of the nipple. One theory for the cause of Paget’s disease is that the cancer cells start growing inside the milk ducts within the breast and then break through to the nipple surface. Another possibility is that the cells of the nipple itself become cancerous.
BREAST CANCER PREVENTION: BREAST SELF-EXAMS
Experts recommend that women be aware of their breasts and notice any changes, rather than performing checks on a regular schedule. Women who choose to do self-exams should be sure to discuss the technique with their doctor.
What is a Breast Self-Exam?
A breast self-exam is a way to check your breasts for changes such as lumps or thickenings. Early breast cancer detection can improve your chances of surviving the disease. Any unusual changes discovered during the breast self-exam should be reported to your doctor.
LUMP IN BREAST: COULD IT BE CANCER?
Remember that the majority (about 80%) of breast lumps are not due to cancer. Cysts, benign tumors, or changes in consistency due to the menstrual cycle can all cause benign breast lumps. Still, it’s important to let your doctor know about any lumps or changes in your breast that you find.