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Jack Roosevelt Robinson
Jack Roosevelt Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was an American professional baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when he started at first base for the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947.
When the Dodgers signed Robinson, it heralded the end of racial segregation in professional baseball that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues since the 1880s. Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.
During his 10-year MLB career, Robinson won the inaugural Rookie of the Year Award in 1947, was an All-Star for six consecutive seasons from 1949 through 1954, and won the National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949—the first black player so honored. Robinson played in six World Series and contributed to the Dodgers’ 1955 World Series championship.
In 1997, MLB retired his uniform number 42 across all major league teams; he was the first professional athlete in any sport to be so honored. MLB also adopted a new annual tradition, “Jackie Robinson Day”, for the first time on April 15, 2004, on which every player on every team wears No. 42.
Robinson’s character, his use of nonviolence, and his talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation that had then marked many other aspects of American life. He influenced the culture of and contributed significantly to the civil rights movement.
Robinson also was the first black television analyst in MLB and the first black vice president of a major American corporation, Chock full o’Nuts. In the 1960s, he helped establish the Freedom National Bank, an African-American-owned financial institution based in Harlem, New York.
After his death in 1972, Robinson was posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal and Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of his achievements on and off the field. Jackie used his fame and influence to help foster the Civil Rights Movement, and he was a devoted father to the three children he shared with Rachel Robinson, Jack Jr, David, and Sharon Robinson.
Jackie was a brilliant athlete and in high school, and at UCLA he excelled at football, basketball, baseball, and track. He was one of UCLS’s football teams black players, which in 1939 made the university’s team the most integrated in the US. Jackie left college determined to become a running back but the second world war and the attack on Pearl Harbour saw him drafted into the segregated Army cavalry unit, where he ran into racial discrimination, which he confronted.
The first attack
Jackie was court-martialed for insubordination for refusing to sit on the back of a bus but was acquitted by an all-white panel. It was his first salvo against racism, but his greatest victory would be his baseball career.
Jackie joined the negro baseball league and so distinguished himself, that he became the first black man to be drafted into the Brooklin Dodgers in 1947. His every game he was greeted with racial epithets and had to lodge separately from his teammates.
Soon Jackie was one of the most popular players in the Dodgers and won the Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award, the first black man ever to do so. By then Jackie was married to a UCLA graduate, Rachel Isum.
Rachel and Jackie had three children, Jack Jr., born in 1946, Sharon, born in 1950, and David, born in 1952. Jackie was devoted to his family and was a huge influence on their future as civil rights activists.
Robinson did not long outlive his son. Complications from heart disease and diabetes weakened Robinson and made him almost blind by middle age. On October 24, 1972, Robinson died of a heart attack at his home on 95 Cascade Road in North Stamford, Connecticut; he was 53 years old.
Robinson’s funeral service on October 27, 1972, at Upper Manhattan’s Riverside Church in Morningside Heights, attracted 2,500 mourners. Many of his former teammates and other famous baseball players served as pallbearers, and the Rev. Jesse Jackson gave the eulogy.
The Interboro Parkway
Tens of thousands of people lined the subsequent procession route to Robinson’s interment site at Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York, where he was buried next to his son Jackie and mother-in-law Zellee Isum. Twenty-five years after Robinson’s death, the Interboro Parkway was renamed the Jackie Robinson Parkway in his memory.
This parkway bisects the cemetery in close proximity to Robinson’s gravesite. After Robinson’s death, his widow founded the Jackie Robinson Foundation, and she remains an officer as of 2021. On April 15, 2008, she announced that in 2010 the foundation would open a museum devoted to Jackie in Lower Manhattan.
Robinson’s daughter, Sharon, became a midwife, educator, director of educational programming for MLB, and the author of two books about her father. His youngest son, David, who has ten children, is a coffee grower and social activist in Tanzania.
jackie robinson wife and children
His wife Rachel Robinson
jackie robinson wife and children
Life and work
She was born in New York City and attended the University of California, Los Angeles, where she met Robinson in 1941 prior to his leaving UCLA when his baseball eligibility ran out. She graduated from UCLA June 1, 1945, with a bachelor’s degree in nursing.
Rachel and Robinson married on February 10, 1946, the year before he broke into the big leagues. They had three children: Jackie, Jr. (1946–1971), Sharon (born 1950), and David (born 1952). After Jackie Robinson’s retirement from baseball following the 1956 season, Rachel Robinson further pursued her nursing career, obtaining a master’s degree in psychiatric nursing from New York University.
Connecticut Mental Health
She worked as a researcher and clinician at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine’s Department of Social and Community Psychiatry, a position she held for five years. She then became an Assistant Professor at Yale School of Nursing and later the Director of Nursing at the Connecticut Mental Health Center.
In 1972, she incorporated the Jackie Robinson Development Corporation, a real estate development company specializing in low- to moderate-income housing, and served as president for ten years. In 1973, she founded the Jackie Robinson Foundation, a not-for-profit organization providing educational and leadership opportunities for minority students.
The Foundation has provided support for over 1,000 minority students and has maintained a 97% graduation rate among its scholars. In 1996, she coauthored Jackie Robinson: An Intimate Portrait with Lee Daniels, published by Abrams Publishing Company.
Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Reliquary’s Shrine of the Eternals in 2014.
In 2017, Rachel Robinson received the Buck O’Neil Lifetime Achievement Award from the Baseball Hall of Fame. With this award, Rachel and Jackie Robinson became the first married couple to reside alongside each other in Major league Baseball’s Hall of Fame. She considered the award to be a huge honor.
She currently resides on a 60-acre (24-hectare) farm in Salem, Connecticut.
Jackie Robinson Foundation
The Jackie Robinson Foundation is a national, 501 non-profit organization, which gives scholarships to minority youths for higher education, as well as preserving the legacy of Baseball Hall of Fame member, Jackie Robinson. It’s located in New York, New York, United States.
Who Are Jackie Robinson Children?
jackie robinson wife and children
About Jackie Robinson Children
Jackie Robinson had three children with his wife. Jackie Robinson Jr. (1946–1971), Sharon Robinson (b. 1950), and David Robinson (b. 1952).
He suffered from drug addiction after his release. Robinson Jr. ultimately graduated from Daytop Village in Seymour, Connecticut, and went on to work as a counselor there.
Did Jackie Robinson have a family of his own?
Growing up in a large, single-parent family, Jackie excelled early at all sports and learned to make his own way in life. At UCLA, Jackie became the first athlete to win varsity letters in four sports: baseball, basketball, football and track.
Rachel and Robinson married on February 10, 1946, the year before he broke into the big leagues. Their son Jackie Robinson, Jr. (1946–1971) was born in November 1946. The Robinsons would later have a daughter, Sharon, born 1950, and another son, David, born 1952.
Why is Jackie Robinson a hero?
From that day on, Jackie Robinson would be known as baseball’s civil rights legend. In conclusion, Jackie Robinson is my hero because of his perseverance, determination, and courage. He blazed the trail for integrated play in baseball. He was the first African American inducted into the Hall of Fame.
What happened to Jackie Robinson Junior?
He died in a car accident on June 17, 1971. According to state police, he was speeding near the Merritt Parkway, off Route 123, bound for Stamford, Connecticut, when he lost control and crashed into a fence, then into an abutment (via The New York Times).
Sharon Robinson is the educational consultant for Major League Baseball. She manages Breaking Barriers: In Sports, In Life, a baseball-themed national character education curriculum that helps empower students to face obstacles in their lives. The program includes a national essay contest for students in grades 4-9 and throughout MLB’s RBI Program.
Each year, thousands of students write an essay about how they used the values demonstrated by Jackie Robinson to overcome their challenges. Since 1997, the program has reached over 22 million students and 2.9 million educators.
Sharon has written several widely praised books about her father, baseball legend Jackie Robinson, including Jackie’s Nine: Jackie Robinson’s Values to Live By, Promises to Keep: How Jackie Robinson Changed America, Jackie Robinson: American Hero (children’s biography), and picture books Testing the Ice, illustrated by Kadir Nelson, and Jackie’s Gift: A True Story of Christmas, Hanukkah, illustrated by EB Lewis.
Her other books
Sharon’s other books include: Safe at Home, Slam Dunk and, picture book Under The Same Sun, illustrated by AG Ford. Prior to joining MLB, Ms. Robinson had a 20-year career as a nurse-midwife and educator. She taught in such prestigious universities as Yale, Columbia, Howard, and Georgetown, and is Vice Chairman of the Jackie Robinson Foundation. Ms.
Robinson received her Bachelor’s degree from Howard University and Master’s degree from Columbia University. She went on to earn a post-Master’s Certificate in Teaching from the School of Nursing at the University of Pennsylvania and received honorary doctorates from. Fairfield University, Medaille, Dowling and Monmouth Colleges.
David Robinson, in full David Maurice Robinson, byname the Admiral, (born Aug. 6, 1965, Key West, Fla., U.S.), American basketball player who won two National Basketball Association (NBA) titles with the San Antonio Spurs (1999, 2003).
Robinson played basketball at the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., leading the academy team to the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) tournament in 1985, 1986, and 1987. Although Robinson proved himself one of the best collegiate players in the country. Some observers considered it a gamble when the Spurs chose him with the first pick of the 1987 NBA draft. Since he had to serve two years of active duty in the U.S.
Navy after graduation—time when he would not play for the Spurs or play regularly against top-flight competition. After serving his navy term as a civil-engineering officer, Robinson joined the Spurs in 1989. He quickly established himself as one of the best centres in the NBA—averaging 24.3 points, 12 rebounds. And he 3.9 blocked shots per game during his rookie season. And he won the NBA’s Rookie of the Year award.
Additionally, he helped the Spurs win 35 more games than they had during the previous season. At the time the best one-year improvement in league history. The following season Robinson continued to play extremely well, making the All-NBA first team and the All-NBA defensive first team; the Spurs lost in the first round of the play-offs, however. And Robinson—a graceful player whose finesse near the basket ran counter to the traditional physicality of NBA centres. He began to develop a reputation as a player who was “soft” and unable to win big games.
Robinson continued to garner individual accolades throughout his early career. He was named the NBA’s Defensive Player of the Year in 1992 and the Most Valuable Player in 1995. And he earned a place on the league’s official list of the 50 greatest players in NBA history (1996). But his teams routinely disappointed in the postseason.
This changed during the 1998–99 season, when Robinson teamed with second-year power forward Tim Duncan to lead the Spurs to the franchise’s first NBA championship. The duo won another title in the 2002–03 season, after which Robinson retired. At the time of his retirement, he ranked among the top 25 players in NBA history in career points. And he rebounds and was fourth all-time in blocked shots.
In addition to his success in the NBA, Robinson was a member of two gold medal-winning U.S. men’s basketball teams, including the NBA superstar-filled “Dream Team” that dominated the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona (he won a second gold at the 1996 Games in Atlanta). In 2009 he was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.
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