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opposite of carnivore

opposite of carnivore

Opposite of carnivore

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opposite of carnivore
opposite of carnivore

any animal that feeds on flesh

What is the opposite word for Carnivore?

Antonyms & Near Antonyms for carnivore. herbivore, vegan, vegetarian.

The Carnivore Diet

Is Eating ONLY Meat Healthy, or Totally Crazy?

Of all the trends that buck conventional nutrition advice, the carnivore diet may seem like the most radical one yet. It’s one thing to recommend cutting carbs (the ketogenic diet) or eating only plant foods (the vegan diet), but to suggest that animal foods are all you need to be healthy, and that vegetables can actually be detrimental to health is a giant punch in the face to everything we were taught in school and all the recent nutrition and health headlines.

After all, everyone knows that meat is dangerous, especially if you eat a lot of it… right? And that you need at least five servings of fruits and vegetables per day… Or do you?

Well, Onnit investigated the carnivore diet down to the marrow, and found out what happens to your body when you consume animals and nothing else. Here’s our guide to eating meat, bones, and organs for better health. (Spoiler alert: it’s not as crazy as it sounds.)

What to eat on the carnivore diet

So, what do you actually eat on the diet? Also called a zero-carb diet or animal-sourced foods (ASF) diet, the carnivore diet typically consists of 100% animal foods — meat, fish, eggs, high-fat dairy products, and animal fats. Some adherents eat only meat, salt, and water. Others allow for exceptions like coffee, tea, and small amounts of spices used in cooking, if tolerated.

According to a survey of 170 participants who had been following a carnivore diet for at least six months, the exact composition of the diet may differ widely among individuals due to food preferences or other considerations. Beef was the most common food consumed across the group, but a wide variety of animal foods was reported.

opposite of carnivore
opposite of carnivore

The Carnivore Diet For Humans

Animals with big teeth and short digestive tracts are meant to eat meat. But what about people? We’re omnivores. Is an all-animal diet even possible for us?

According to Brian St. Pierre, R.D., Director of Performance Nutrition at Precision Nutrition, an education and consulting company (, plant foods aren’t absolutely required in the human diet. “What do we actually need to live? We need protein, fat, and vitamins and minerals in certain amounts,” says St. Pierre. Animal foods—and meat, specifically—can arguably cover those needs (see “Does The Carnivore Diet Create Nutrient Deficiencies?” below). That certainly doesn’t mean that we shouldn’t eat plants, but, from a nutrition standpoint, it isn’t vital that we do, at least for short-term health.

The thing is, though, aside from some isolated tribal people in far corners of the world (such as the Inuits of arctic regions), few people have ever tried to live on animals alone. Those who have did so simply because no other sources of food were available. However, the carnivore diet (also called a zero-carb diet) has recently caught fire. And people are following it by choice!

Why? For many of the same reasons people try a ketogenic diet: weight loss, clearer thinking, fewer digestive problems, and a simple approach to eating that lets them consume foods they enjoy. It may also offer performance benefits. Though scrapping all plant foods seems like a severe step, it instantly removes nearly all of the allergens and antinutrients that some people find cause health problems and discomfort, and, as with ketogenic diets, the lack of carbs alone can offer a range of advantages.

With his appearance on the Joe Rogan Experience podcast in late 2017, Shawn Baker is the most famous proponent of the carnivore diet. An orthopedic surgeon and lifelong drug-free athlete, Baker is in his 50s, ripped, and a physical marvel, having recently set two indoor rowing world records. He claims to have eaten only animal products—limiting himself mainly to rib-eye steaks—for more than a year, while suffering no ill health effects and watching his gains in the gym soar.

What is a Vegetarian Diet?

opposite of carnivore
opposite of carnivore

The Basics of a Vegetarian diet

A vegetarian diet is one of the three healthy eating patterns highlighted in the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. In fact, vegetarianism has been practiced for centuries in various civilizations around the world, with written references going as far back as the sixth century AD in Europe.

At its core, a vegetarian diet omits meat, poultry and fish. However, there are several types of vegetarian diets that have additional allowances and/or restrictions. This article will focus on the different types of vegetarian diets, explore research around the benefits of a vegetarian diet and underscore the nutrients that vegetarians should ensure they get enough of.

Types of vegetarian diets

There are several varieties of a vegetarian diet, including:

  • The lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet: Eliminates meat, fish and poultry but allows eggs and dairy products.
  • The lacto-vegetarian diet: Eliminates meat, fish, poultry and eggs but allows dairy products.
  • The ovo-vegetarian diet: Eliminates meat, fish, poultry and dairy products but allows eggs.
  • The pescatarian diet: Eliminates meat and poultry but allows fish; sometimes allows eggs and dairy products.
  • The vegan diet: Eliminates meat, fish, poultry, eggs and dairy products, as well as other animal-derived products such as honey.

Some diets are not considered vegetarian but share overlapping principles. One example is the flexitarian diet, which is a flexible eating style that emphasizes the addition of plant or plant-based foods and beverages, incorporates dairy and eggs and encourages meat to be consumed less frequently and/or in smaller portions.


Planning a healthy vegetarian diet

To get the most out of a vegetarian diet, choose a variety of healthy plant-based foods, such as whole fruits and vegetables, legumes and nuts, and whole grains. At the same time, cut back on less healthy choices, such as sugar-sweetened beverages, fruit juices and refined grains. If you need help, a registered dietitian can assist you in creating a vegetarian plan that’s right for you.

Vegetarian diet: Daily amounts based on 2,000-calorie diet
Food group* Daily amount
Vegetables 2 1/2 cups a day
Fruits 2 cups a day
Grains (mostly whole) 6 1/2 ounces a day
Dairy 3 cups a day
Protein foods 3 1/2 ounces a day
Oils 27 grams a day

*All foods are assumed to be in nutrient-dense form, lean or low-fat, and prepared without added fats, sugars, refined starches or salt.


Keep in mind that the more restrictive your diet is, the more challenging it can be to get all the nutrients you need. A vegan diet, for example, eliminates natural food sources of vitamin B-12, as well as milk products, which are good sources of calcium.

opposite of carnivore
opposite of carnivore

What You Can Eat

There are many different variations of the vegetarian diet. The main limitation is to avoid meat, poultry, and seafood. That means there are many compliant foods, including all plant-based foods (and other animal-derived foods, such as dairy products).


All grains are eaten on any version of the vegetarian diet.

  • Wheat
  • Rice
  • Oats
  • Amaranth
  • Quinoa
  • Barley
  • Rye

Beans and Legumes

Beans and legumes are important staples on any vegetarian diet, as they are a source of protein.

  • Black beans
  • Chickpeas
  • Kidney peans
  • Split peas
  • Lentils
  • Adzuki beans

Fruits and Vegetables

All fruits and vegetables are eaten on any version of the vegetarian diet.

  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Lettuce
  • Carrots
  • Peas
  • Corn
  • Tomatoes
  • Avocado
  • Bananas
  • Apples
  • Berries
  • Grapes
  • Melons


Plant oils are used as healthy fats on any vegetarian diet

  • Coconut oil
  • Avocado oil
  • Olive oil
  • Grapeseed oil
  • Canola oil

Eggs and Dairy

The most common type of vegetarian diet is the lacto-ovo version, in which meat and seafood are avoided but dairy and eggs are included. Ovo-vegetarians eat eggs but avoid dairy, meat, and seafood. Lacto-vegetarians consume dairy but avoid eggs, meat, and seafood.

How to Prepare the Vegetarian Diet & Tips

On the lacto-ovo vegetarian and lacto-vegetarian diet, you consume foods in all food groups including vegetables, fruit, grains, fat-free or low-fat dairy, protein foods, and oils. Those who adhere to an ovo-vegetarian diet would not consume foods from the dairy group. But milk alternatives (such as nut-based products) are widely available.

Instead of meat and seafood, vegetarians consume protein-rich grains, soy products like tofu, and vegetables with protein. It is fairly easy to eat a balanced diet on a vegetarian plan and to get your recommended intake of nutrients.

You don’t need to follow any specific meal timing when you begin a vegetarian diet. However, if you currently consume a traditional American diet, experts often recommend a gradual approach to make the transition easier.

Some people try going meatless one day each week before fully adopting the vegetarian diet. Others use the flexitarian diet and slowly eliminate meat from their diets.

Getting nutrients from a vegetarian diet

It’s important to vary what you eat. Some nutrients are found in smaller amounts in vegetarian sources, or are less easily absorbed by the body than those in meat or fish.

Contrary to popular belief, most vegetarians usually have enough protein and calcium (found in dairy products) in their diet.

But if you don’t plan your diet properly, you could miss out on essential nutrients. For example, vegetarians need to make sure they get enough iron and vitamin B12 in their diets.

A vegetarian diet during pregnancy

During pregnancy and when breastfeeding, vegetarians need to make sure they get enough vitamins and minerals for their child to develop healthily.

Read more about being vegetarian or vegan and pregnant.

If you’re bringing up your baby or child on a vegetarian diet, you need to make sure they eat a wide variety of foods to provide the energy and vitamins they need for growth.

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