which of these cartoons aired first on tv?

which of these cartoons aired first on tv?

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which of these cartoons aired first on tv?
which of these cartoons aired first on tv?

 

An illustration, possibly animated in a non-realistic or a semi realistic style intended for satire, caricature, humour or motion picture, is the technical definition of cartoon. But not all of us grew up with the textbook defined version of cartoons; we grew up with something much more closer to the heart.

 

The word cartoon almost instantly reminds us of the most popular channel of the 90s – Cartoon Network. It is a channel that brings a truck load of memories right back into our minds. Cartoon network was probably our most favourite past time ever, as it aired a variety of cartoon shows, and in the age of no internet, no online streaming websites, these cartoons dominated all forms of entertainment, from small comic strips in children’s magazines to full-fledged TV shows.

Some of the popularly known TV shows of the 90s were, Popeye the Sailor, The Powerpuff Girls Courage the Cowardly Dog, Johnny Bravo, Tiny Toon Adventures, Garfield, Mickey and Minnie Mouse, The Road Runner Show and lastly the evergreen and the never forgettable Tom and Jerry.

 

All these cartoons were the pillars of our personal growth and stability. Because, as children we did not look at these cartoon shows just as mere entertainment, these shows also became a channel to improve our communication and understanding skills. Shows like Tom and Jerry and Popeye the Sailor showcase the true value and meaning of friendship.

 

cartoon

cartoon, originally, and still, a full-size sketch or drawing used as a pattern for a tapestry, painting, mosaic, or other graphic art form, but also, since the early 1840s, a pictorial parody utilizing caricature, satire, and usually humour. Cartoons are used today primarily for conveying political commentary and editorial opinion in newspapers and for social comedy and visual wit in magazines.

 

A brief account of cartoons follows. For full treatment, see Caricature, Cartoon, and Comic Strip; for animated-motion-picture cartoons, see Motion Pictures: Animation.

which of these cartoons aired first on tv?
which of these cartoons aired first on tv?

 

history of cartoons

The popularity of these animated characters was widespread and they were loved by toddlers to adults. With improving technology, one could witness the gradual development in the quality of the cartoon characters. Let us take a step back and understand the process of how these cartoons came into existence. The first cartoon ever to be made dates way back to 1908. Fantasmagorie, a French animated film by Emile Cohl  is known to be one of the earliest examples of traditional, hand-drawn animation. Animation can be defined as a method in which pictures are manipulated to appear as moving images. The attempts to capture the phenomenon of motion into a still drawing can be traced back to the Palaeolithic cave paintings, where animals were drawn with multiple legs and limbs in overlying positions, clearly trying to depict motion or movement.

traditional animation

 

In traditional animation, images were hand drawn or even painted on transparent celluloid sheets that were photographed and shown on film. In this era, most of the animations are made with CGI (Computer-Generated Imagery) which can be highly detailed 3D or 2D animation. Now, shifting our focus towards cartoons, the original meaning of cartoon can be derived from the Italian word cartone which meant ‘big paper.’ From mid-19th century onwars, cartoon was depicted as a pictorial parody that was humorous and often satirical in the portrayal of social and political events.

which of these cartoons aired first on tv?
which of these cartoons aired first on tv?

In July 2007, Mark Bryant published an article stating the discovery of the first ever popular fictional cartoon character that was created in 1809- a century before Mickey Mouse was created. The character was Dr Syntax, a scrawny and eccentric elderly clergyman who was hugely successful, inspiring many imitators. Famous cartoons like Bonzo the Dog, Felix the Cat, Ally Sloper, and Max and Mortiz are from the 1860. These facts point to the realisation that  cartoons and animation are two separate concepts which were merged together to give birth to the modern-day animated cartoon shows.

comedies

 

While the caricaturist deals primarily with personal and political satire, the cartoonist treats types and groups in comedies of manners. Though William Hogarth had a few predecessors, it was his social satires and depictions of human foibles that later cartoons were judged against. Honoré Daumier anticipated the 20th-century cartoon’s balloon-enclosed speech by indicating in texts accompanying his cartoons the characters’ unspoken thoughts. Hogarth’s engravings and Daumier’s lithographs were fairly complete documentaries on the London and Paris of their times.

Thomas Rowlandson lampooned the ludicrous behaviour of a whole series of social types, including “Dr. Syntax,” which may well be the grandfather of the later comic strips. Rowlandson was followed by George Cruikshank, a whole dynasty of Punch artists who humorously commented on the passing world, Edward Lear, Thomas Nast, Charles Dana Gibson, and “Spy” (Leslie Ward) and “Ape” (Carlo Pellegrini), the two main cartoonists of Vanity Fair magazine.

 

 

Golden Age of cartoons

The period from 1920 to 1960 is known as the Golden Age which witnessed the production of theatrical cartoons in huge numbers. These were usually shown before feature films in a movie theatre. Disney, Warner bros, Fleischer, MGM and UPA were the biggest studios that produced these 5-1 minute shorts. Interestingly, during the 1950s, the television industry gained popularity, where the audience moved on from movie theatres. This was the decline of theatrical cartoon and what we now know today as animated cartoon shows in TV began its glorious journey towards fame.

which of these cartoons aired first on tv?
which of these cartoons aired first on tv?

 

Upon drawing a comparison between the quality, purpose and reasons behind the use of cartoons in the 1800 and 1900 to the 21st century, we can witness drastic changes and modifications. Cartoons have evolved from the sole purpose of humouring the audience and conveying short meaningful stories that inculcated values to depicting violence the “movie way”. The essence that cartoons once held seems to have now dissolved and faded away.

20th century

In the 20th century the one-line joke, or single-panel gag, and the pictorial joke without words matured and a huge diversity of drawing styles proliferated. The influence of The New Yorker magazine spread to other publications worldwide. The new cartoonists included James Thurber, Charles Addams, Saul Steinberg, Peter Arno, and William Hamilton of the United States and Gerard Hoffnung, Fougasse, Anton, and Emett Rowland of England.

A Pulitzer Prize for editorial cartooning was established in 1922, and a Sigma Delta Chi Award for editorial cartooning was awarded annually after 1942; such cartoonists as Jacob Burck, Herblock, Bill Mauldin, and Rube Goldberg won both. Carl Giles was honoured with the Order of the British Empire in 1959 for his achievements in editorial cartooning.

Where did cartoons come from?
The modern comic strip dates from the late 19th century, when artists such as Rudolph Dirks, inventor of the Katzenjammer Kids, began drawing them for American newspapers; and the animated cartoon was born in 1907, when French artist Émile Cohl began drawing people and other images directly onto movie film.
The modern comic strip dates from the late 19th century, when artists such as Rudolph 
Who made the first cartoon?
French caricature artist Émile Cohl created what is considered to be the world‘s first animated cartoon in 1908. His black-and-white short film, Fantasmagorie, is composed of 700 drawings that Cohl illuminated on a glass plate.
Who is the father of cartoon?
Émile Cohl was a French cartoonist and animator and is often referred to as “the father of the animated cartoon.” It is said that in 1907 the 50 year old Cohl was walking down the street and spotted a poster for a movie that had clearly been stolen from one of his comic strips.
which of these cartoons aired first on tv?
which of these cartoons aired first on tv?
What is the oldest cartoon show?

Fantasmagorie

Fantasmagorie is considered to be the oldest cartoon in the world. The very short animation is one of the earliest examples of traditional (hand-drawn) animation. It was created in 1908 by French cartoonist Émile Cohl.

What was the first cartoon with sound?

Steamboat Willie

Disney’s Steamboat Willie was the first animated work with synchronized sound on picture. Click play to watch.

Why are they called cartoons?
So cartoon began in Italian as the word for the material on which a drawing is made, then became the word for the drawing itself. Next it came to mean a comic drawing, a series of drawings, or animation.
The Simpsons
animated television series
The Simpsons, longest-running animated television series and longest-running scripted prime-time TV show in U.S. history (1989– ), now broadcast in many languages to audiences around the world.
Created by cartoonist Matt Groening, The Simpsons began in 1987 as a cartoon short on the Tracey Ullman Show, a variety program on the Fox Broadcasting Company. Expanded to half an hour, it debuted as a Christmas special on December 17, 1989, and then began airing regularly in January 1990. With veteran television and film producer-director James Brooks (Mary Tyler Moore [1970–74], As Good As It Gets [1997]) as its executive producer, along with Groening and Sam Simon, the show was slow to gain an audience, but its popularity took off later in the year, and it helped establish the upstart Fox network as a major competitor on broadcast television.
Emmy Award-winning
The Simpsons has heavily influenced popular culture and other television series. The characters’ voices are widely recognized, and many of the characters’ neologisms and catchphrases (such as Homer’s “D’oh!”) have entered common currency.
Moreover, the show branched out to include comic books, video games, and, in 2007, a feature film. The Emmy Award-winning Groening remains the show’s creative consultant and an executive producer.

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